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  1. German Army (German Empire) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › German_Army_(German_Empire)

    The Imperial German Army was the unified ground and air force of the German Empire. The term Deutsches Heer is also used for the modern German Army, the land component of the Bundeswehr. The German Army was formed after the unification of Germany under Prussian leadership in 1871 and dissolved in 1919, after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I.

    • Formation and name

      The states that made up the German Empire contributed their...

    • Command

      The commander of the Imperial German Army, less the Bavarian...

    • Structure

      The Kaiser had full control of the armed forces but used a...

    • Reserve system

      When the British decided to reform their army in the 1860s,...

    • Industrial base

      The German Empire accounted for 12% of the global industrial...

  2. German Army - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › German_Army

    The German Army (German: Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany. The present-day German Army was founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German Bundeswehr together with the Marine (German Navy) and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). As of April 2020, the German Army had a strength of 64,036 soldiers.

  3. German Empire - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › German_Empire

    The German Empire or the Imperial State of Germany, also referred to as Imperial Germany, the Second Reich, the Kaiserreich, as well as simply Germany, was the period of the German Reich from the unification of Germany in 1871 until the November Revolution in 1918, when the German Reich changed its form of government from a monarchy to a republic.

  4. Category:German Army (German Empire) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Category:German_Army

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Wikimedia Commons has media related to Deutsches Heer. The main article for this category is German Army (German Empire).

  5. 5th Army (German Empire) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 5th_Army_(German_Empire)
    • History
    • Glossary
    • See Also
    • Bibliography

    In August 1914 the command of 5th Army was assigned to Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany, heir to the Hohenzollern throne, with General Schmidt von Knobelsdorf serving as his chief of staff, and would remain thus until late 1916. The opening hostilities on the Western Front saw the Crown Prince's 5th Army, along with the neighboring 4th Army (commanded by Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg), acting at the center of the Schlieffen plan attack into Belgium and France. On 21 August 1914, in what became known as the Battle of the Ardennes, 4th and 5th Armies advanced into the Ardennes to counter a thrust by the French 3rd and 4th Armies. Over the next two days 5th Army played a major part in halting the opposing French forces. By 23 August, after taking heavy losses and being outmaneuvered strategically, the two French armies were driven into retreat. Following the German 5th Army's victory in the Battle of the Ardennes it moved to Verdun, where it would remain until 1918. In February 1916 the...

    Armee-Abteilungor Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.
    Armee-Gruppeor Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
    Heeresgruppe or Army Groupin the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.
    Cron, Hermann (2002). Imperial German Army 1914–18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle [first published: 1937]. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.
    Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press Ltd. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.
    • 2 August 1914 – 30 January 1919
    • Army
  6. 11th Army (German Empire) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 11th_Army_(German_Empire)
    • History
    • Commanders
    • Glossary
    • Bibliography

    The 11th Army was formed in early 1915. It briefly fought on the Western Front during the Battle of Ypres, holding the line against the Allied attack. On 22 April, it was transferred and placed with the Austrian 4th Army under Mackensen's command, behind the Gorlice–Tarnow gap, south of the Vistula River. In July 1915, the 11th Army advanced into Russian territory in a general German offensive. The 11th Army was dissolved on 8 September 1915. On 23 September 1915 a new 11th Army was created for the Serbian Campaign under command of Max von Gallwitz. It was composed of the III Corps, the IV Reserve Corps and the X Reserve Corps.After the retreat of Serbian army, the 11th Army remained on the Salonika Front in support of the Bulgarian Army. During its time on the front the army gradually became more and more composed of Bulgarian divisions. By the time of the Vardar Offensivein September 1918, The 11th German Army consisted almost fully of Bulgarian soldiers commanded by German office...

    11th Army had the following commanders until absorbed by HeeresgruppeMackensen on 8 September 1915: The "new" 11th Army had the following commanders:

    Armee-Abteilungor Army Detachment in the sense of "something detached from an Army". It is not under the command of an Army so is in itself a small Army.
    Armee-Gruppeor Army Group in the sense of a group within an Army and under its command, generally formed as a temporary measure for a specific task.
    Heeresgruppe or Army Groupin the sense of a number of armies under a single commander.
    Cron, Hermann (2002) [1937]. Imperial German Army 1914–18: Organisation, Structure, Orders-of-Battle. Helion & Co. ISBN 1-874622-70-1.
    DiNardo, Richard L. (2015). Invasion: The Conquest of Serbia, 1915. Santa Barbara: Praeger.
    Ellis, John; Cox, Michael (1993). The World War I Databook. Aurum Press. ISBN 1-85410-766-6.
    Korsun, Nikolay (1939). Балканский фронт мировой войны 1914–1918 гг [Balkan Front of the World War 1914–1918] (in Russian). Moscow: Boenizdat. OCLC 7970969.
    • 9 March 1915 – 8 September 1915, 23 September 1915 – 7 January 1919
    • Army
  7. 7th Division (German Empire) - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › 7th_Division_(German_Empire)
    • Overview
    • Combat chronicle
    • Order of battle in the Franco-Prussian War
    • Pre-World War I organization
    • Order of battle on mobilization
    • Late World War I organization

    The 7th Division was a unit of the Prussian/German Army. It was formed in Magdeburg in November 1816 as a brigade and became a division on September 5, 1818. The division was subordinated in peacetime to the IV Army Corps. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. The division was recruited primarily in the Province of Saxony, also known as Prussian Saxony. 7th Division; in 1870-71 and from August 2, 1914, 7th Infantry Division...

    The division fought in the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, including the Battle of Königgrätz. In the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-71, the division saw action in the battles of Beaumont and Sedan, and in the Siege of Paris.

    During wartime, the 7th Division, like other regular German divisions, was redesignated an infantry division. The organization of the 7th Infantry Division in 1870 at the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War was as follows: 1. 13. Infanterie Brigade Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 26 Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 66 2. 14. Infanterie Brigade Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 27 Anhaltisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 93 3. Jäger-Bataillon Nr. 4 4. Dragoner-Regiment Nr. 7

    German divisions underwent various organizational changes after the Franco-Prussian War. The 7th Division exchanged its regiment from the Duchy of Anhalt for the Hanoverian 165th Infantry Regiment, broadening its recruiting area The organization of the division in 1914, shortly before the outbreak of World War I, was as follows: 1. 13. Infanterie Brigade Infanterie-Regiment Fürst Leopold von Anhalt-Dessau Nr. 26 3. Magdeburgisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 66 2. 14. Infanterie Brigade ...

    On mobilization in August 1914 at the beginning of World War I, most divisional cavalry, including brigade headquarters, was withdrawn to form cavalry divisions or split up among divisions as reconnaissance units. Divisions received engineer companies and other support units from their higher headquarters. The 7th Division was again renamed the 7th Infantry Division. Its initial wartime organization was as follows: 1. 13.Infanterie-Brigade: Infanterie-Regiment Fürst Leopold von Anhalt ...

    Divisions underwent many changes during the war, with regiments moving from division to division, and some being destroyed and rebuilt. During the war, most divisions became triangular - one infantry brigade with three infantry regiments rather than two infantry brigades of two regiments. An artillery commander replaced the artillery brigade headquarters, the cavalry was further reduced, the engineer contingent was increased, and a divisional signals command was created. The 7th Infantry Divisio

    • Army
    • Approx. 15,000
  8. German Army (German Empire) - The Reader Wiki, Reader View of ...

    thereaderwiki.com › en › German_Army_(German_Empire)
    • Formation and Name
    • Command
    • Structure
    • Reserve System
    • Industrial Base
    • Air Force
    • Ranks of The Imperial German Army
    • See Also

    The states that made up the German Empire contributed their armies; within the German Confederation, formed after the Napoleonic Wars, each state was responsible for maintaining certain units to be put at the disposal of the Confederation in case of conflict. When operating together, the units were known as the Federal Army (Bundesheer). The Federal Army system functioned during various conflicts of the 19th century, such as the First Schleswig War from 1848–50 but by the time of the Second Schleswig War of 1864, tension had grown between the main powers of the confederation, the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia and the German Confederation was dissolved after the Austro-Prussian Warof 1866. Prussia formed the North German Confederation and the treaty provided for the maintenance of a Federal Army and a Federal Navy (Bundesmarine or Bundeskriegsmarine). Further laws on military duty also used these terms. Conventions (some later amended) were entered into between the North...

    The commander of the Imperial German Army, less the Bavarian contingent, was the Kaiser. He was assisted by a Military Cabinet and exercised control through the Prussian Ministry of War and the Great General Staff. The Chief of the General Staff became the Kaiser's main military advisor and the most powerful military figure in the Empire. Bavaria kept its own Ministry of War and General Staff, but coordinated planning with the Prussian Great General Staff. Saxony also maintained its own Ministry of War and the Ministry of War of Württembergalso continued to exist. The command of the Prussian Army had been reformed in the wake of the defeats suffered by Prussia in the Napoleonic Wars. Rather than rely primarily on the martial skills of the individual members of the German nobility, who dominated the military profession, the Prussian Army instituted changes to ensure excellence in leadership, organization and planning. The General Staff system, which sought to institutionalize militar...

    The Kaiser had full control of the armed forces but used a highly complex organizational structure. The basic peacetime organizational structure of the Imperial German Army were the Army inspectorate (Armee-Inspektion), the army corps (Armeekorps), the division and the regiment. During wartime, the staff of the Army inspectorates formed field army commands, which controlled the corps and subordinate units. During World War I, a higher command level, the army group (Heeresgruppe), was created. Each army group controlled several field armies.

    When the British decided to reform their army in the 1860s, they surveyed the major European forces and decided that the Prussian system was the best one. That system was continued into the Imperial Army after 1871 and resulted in a modest cadre of professional officers and sergeants, and a large reserve force that could be quickly mobilised at the start of a war. The British could not use the system because they rejected conscription. The Japanese, however, were also observing the reserve system and, unlike the British, decided to copy the Prussian model.Barnett explains that every young man was drafted at age 18, with the upper-class becoming officers: 1. the Prussian system... was based on service of only three years with the colors... and four years in the reserve. The Prussian standing army had become simply a training cadre for the intake of conscripts. The Prussian army's organization for peace and war was virtually the same. Prussia was divided into army-corps districts for...

    The German Empire accounted for 12% of the global industrial output in 1914, it was the largest industrial base in Continental Europe, behind only that of Britain (18% of the industrial output) and the United States (22% of the industrial output). The Army closely cooperated with industry, especially in the World War, with particular focus on the very rapidly changing aircraft industry. The Army set prices and labor exemptions, regulated the supply of credit and raw materials, limited patent rights so as to allow cross-licensing among firms, and supervised management–labor relationships. The result was very rapid expansion and a high output of high-quality aircraft, as well as high wages that attracted the best machinists. Apart from aircraft, the Army's regulation of the rest of the war economy was inefficient.

    The Deutsche Luftstreitkräfte, known before October 1916 as Die Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches (The Air Corps of the German Empire), was the over-land air arm of the German Army during World War I (1914–1918). Although its name actually means something very close to "The German Air Force", it remained an integral part of the German Army for the duration of the war. The Kaiserliche Marine naval forces of the German Empire had their own, separate Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation forces, apart from the Luftstreitkräfteof the Army.

    The German Army from 1871 to 1914 inherited the various traditions and military ranks of its constituent states, thus becoming a truly federal armed service.

  9. German Revolution of 1918–1919 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › German_Revolution_of_1918–19

    The German Revolution or November Revolution (German: Novemberrevolution) was a civil conflict in the German Empire at the end of the First World War that resulted in the replacement of the German federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary republic that later became known as the Weimar Republic.

  10. Wilhelm II, German Emperor - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Wilhelm_II,_German_Emperor

    Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert; 27 January 1859 – 4 June 1941), anglicised as William II, was the last German Emperor ( Kaiser) and King of Prussia, reigning from 15 June 1888 until his abdication on 9 November 1918. Despite strengthening Germany's position as a great power by building a blue-water navy and promoting scientific innovation, his tactless public statements greatly antagonized the international community and his foreign policy was seen by many as one of the causes ...

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