Goldmark (pronunciation (help·info), officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) was the gold standard -based currency of the German Empire from 1873 to 1914. Papiermark was the much-devaluated Mark after the gold standard was given up in August 1914, and gold and silver coins ceased to circulate.
Mark refers to the German mark, the currency to which it was pegged at par. Etymology. The names derive from the German language. Three official languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian) have adopted German nouns die Mark and der Pfennig as loanwords marka and pfenig.
The name (English: paper mark, officially just Mark, sign: ℳ) is applied to the German currency from 4 August 1914 when the link between the Goldmark and gold was abandoned, due to the outbreak of World War I. In particular, the name is used for the banknotes issued during the hyperinflation in Germany of 1922 and especially 1923.
The Rentenmark([ˈʁɛntn̩ˌmaʁk]pronunciation (help·info); RM) was a currency issued on 15 November 1923 to stop the hyperinflationof 1922 and 1923 in Weimar Germany, after the previously used "paper" Mark had become almost worthless. The name literally meant "pensionmark", in order to signal that pensions were secure.
The Papiermark was produced and circulated in enormously large quantities. Later in 1924, the Rentenmark was replaced by the Reichsmark. On 15 November 1923 it was replaced by the Rentenmark, and in 1924, the Reichsmark became the official money.
In 1923 the Papiermark was replaced by the German Rentenmark at a rate of 1 Rentenmark = 10 12 (one billion) Papiermark. The Rentenmark was soon replaced by the German Reichsmark at a 1:1 ratio. After WWII, the Reichsmark was replaced by the Deutsche Mark with a sliding scale.
Dec 30, 2019 · Yours truly chanced upon an article about the Weimar Republic, the government that ran Germany from 1919 to 1933, that collapsed due to the catastrophic Treaty of Versailles, and the devastating hyperinflation of the German Papiermark thus giving rise to Hitler, something somewhat akin to the rise of Trump and what it could mean for the future of America if he gets reelected in 2020.
The Grand Duchy of Oldenburg (German: Großherzogtum Oldenburg) (also known as Holstein-Oldenburg) was a grand duchy within the German Confederation, North German Confederation and German Empire which consisted of three widely separated territories: Oldenburg, Eutin and Birkenfeld.
SM UB-122 was a German Type UB III submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. She was commissioned into the German Imperial Navy on 4 March 1918 as SM UB-122. UB-122 was surrendered to the Allies at Harwich on 20 November 1918 in accordance with the requirements of the Armistice with Germany.
Posted 11/5/16 2:37 AM, 35 messages