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  1. Gerry Conlon - Wikipedia › wiki › Gerry_Conlon

    Convicted on 22 October 1975 and sentenced to life imprisonment. Criminal status. Conviction quashed by Court of Appeal on 19 October 1989. Gerard "Gerry" Conlon (1 March 1954 – 21 June 2014) was an Irish man known for being one of the Guildford Four who spent 15 years in prison after being wrongly convicted of being a Provisional IRA bomber.

    • 21 June 2014 (aged 60), Belfast, Northern Ireland
    • Convicted on 22 October 1975 and sentenced to life imprisonment
    • Gerard Conlon, 1 March 1954, Belfast, Northern Ireland
    • Conviction quashed by Court of Appeal on 19 October 1989
  2. Guildford Four and Maguire Seven - Wikipedia › wiki › Guildford_Four_and_Maguire

    Giuseppe Conlon had travelled from Belfast to help his son, Gerry Conlon, in the Guildford Four trial. Conlon, who had troubles with his lungs for many years, died in prison in January 1980, while the other six served their sentences and were released. Appeals. The Guildford Four and the Maguire Seven sought leave to appeal their convictions ...

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    Who was the Guildford Four and why did they go to prison?

    Who was the father of Gerry Conlon Guildford Four?

    Who was Gerry Conlon and what did he do?

    How did Giuseppe Conlon die in the Guildford Four?

  4. Gerry Conlon — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2 › en › Gerry_Conlon
    • Biography
    • Death
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    Gerry Con­lon was born in Belfast and grew up at 7 Peel Street on the cor­ner of Mary Street in the im­pov­er­ished but close-knit com­mu­nity of the Lower Falls Road. He de­scribed his child­hood as happy. His fa­ther was Giuseppe Con­lon, a fac­tory worker, and his mother was Sarah Con­lon, a hos­pi­tal cleaner. In 1974, at age 20, Con­lon went to Eng­land to seek work and to es­cape the every­day vi­o­lence he was en­coun­ter­ing on the streets of Belfast. He was liv­ing with a group of squat­ters in Lon­don when he was ar­rested for the Guild­ford pub bomb­ings, which oc­curred on 5 Oc­to­ber the same year. Con­lon, along with fel­low Irish­men Paul Hill and Paddy Arm­strong and Eng­lish­woman Ca­r­ole Richard­son, known as the Guild­ford Four, were con­victed on 22 Oc­to­ber 1975 of plant­ing two bombs a year ear­lier in the Sur­rey town of Guild­ford, which killed five peo­ple and in­jured dozens more. The four were sen­tenced to life in prison.At their trial the judge told th...

    Con­lon bat­tled with lung can­cer for a pe­riod be­fore his death on 21 June 2014 in his na­tive Belfast.

    The Guardian, Obituary 22 June 2014
    The Guardian, Guildford Four's Gerry Conlon dies of cancer in Belfast, aged 60, 22 June 2014
    Gerry Conlon at IMDb
    Belfast Telegrapharticle
  5. In the Name of the Father (film) - Wikipedia › wiki › In_the_Name_of_the_Father

    It is based on the true story of the Guildford Four, four people falsely convicted of the 1974 Guildford pub bombings, which killed four off-duty British soldiers and a civilian. The screenplay was adapted by Terry George and Jim Sheridan from the 1990 autobiography Proved Innocent: The Story of Gerry Conlon of the Guildford Four by Gerry Conlon .

  6. Guildford Four and Maguire Seven — Wikipedia Republished ... › en › Guildford_Four_and_Maguire_Seven
    • Guildford Four
    • Maguire Seven
    • Appeals
    • Aftermath
    • in Popular Culture
    • See Also
    • External Links

    The Guild­ford Fourwere charged with di­rect in­volve­ment with the IRA at­tacks. They were: After their ar­rest, all four de­fen­dants con­fessed to the bomb­ing under in­tense co­er­cion by the police.These state­ments were later re­tracted but re­mained the basis of the case against them. They would later be al­leged to be the re­sult of co­er­cion by the po­lice, rang­ing from in­tim­i­da­tion to tor­ture—in­clud­ing threats against fam­ily mem­bers—as well as the ef­fects of drug with­drawal.Con­lon wrote in his au­to­bi­og­ra­phy that a key fac­tor in his pur­port­edly co­erced con­fes­sion was the fact that strength­ened anti-ter­ror­ism laws passed in the early 1970s al­lowed the po­lice to hold sus­pects with­out charges for up to a week, rather than the pre­vi­ous limit of 48 hours and that he might have been able to with­stand the treat­ment he had re­ceived had the orig­i­nal time limit been in effect. The four were con­victed on 22 Oc­to­ber 1975 for mur­der and other c...

    The Maguire Seven were charged with pos­sess­ing ni­tro­glyc­er­ine al­legedly passed to the IRA to make bombs after the po­lice raided the West Kil­burn house of Anne Maguire on 3 De­cem­ber 1974.[why?] They were tried and con­victed on 4 March 1976 and re­ceived the fol­low­ing sen­tences: Giuseppe Con­lon had trav­elled from Belfastto help his son, Gerry Con­lon, in the Guild­ford Four trial. Con­lon, who had trou­bles with his lungs for many years, died in prison in Jan­u­ary 1980, while the other six served their sen­tences and were re­leased.

    The Guild­ford Four and the Maguire Seven sought leave to ap­peal their con­vic­tions im­me­di­ately and were re­fused. De­spite this, a grow­ing body of dis­parate groups pressed for a re-ex­am­i­na­tion of the case. In Feb­ru­ary 1977, dur­ing the trial of the Bal­combe Street ASU, the four IRA men in­structed their lawyers to "draw at­ten­tion to the fact that four to­tally in­no­cent peo­ple were serv­ing mas­sive sen­tences", re­fer­ring to the Guild­ford Four.De­spite claims to the po­lice that they were re­spon­si­ble they were never charged with these of­fences and the Guild­ford Four re­mained in prison for an­other twelve years. The Guild­ford Four tried to ob­tain from the Home Sec­re­tary a ref­er­ence to the Court of Ap­peal under Sec­tion 17 of the Crim­i­nal Ap­peal Act 1968 (later re­pealed), but were un­suc­cess­ful. In 1987, the Home Of­fice is­sued a mem­o­ran­dum recog­nis­ing that it was un­likely they were ter­ror­ists, but that this would not be suf­fi­cient e...

    Nei­ther the bomb­ings nor the wrong­ful im­pris­on­ment re­sulted in con­vic­tions. The bomb­ings were most likely the work of the Bal­combe Street Siege gang, who claimed re­spon­si­bil­ity. They were al­ready serv­ing life sen­tences, but were re­leased under the terms of the Good Fri­day Agree­ment. Three British po­lice of­fi­cers — Thomas Style, John Don­ald­son and Ver­non At­twell — were charged with con­spir­acy to per­vert the course of jus­tice, but each was found not guilty. On 9 Feb­ru­ary 2005, Tony Blair, the Prime Min­is­ter of the United King­dom, is­sued an apol­ogy to the fam­i­lies of the eleven peo­ple im­pris­oned for the bomb­ings in Guild­ford and Wool­wichand those re­lated to them who were still alive. He said, in part, "I am very sorry that they were sub­ject to such an or­deal and in­jus­tice... they de­serve to be com­pletely and pub­licly exonerated." Anne Maguire was awarded a Ben­e­mer­enti medal by the Roman Catholic Church for her "re­mark­able abil...

    In March 1991 Paul Hill appeared on the Channel 4 discussion programme After Dark with, among others, Patrick Cosgrave, J. P. Donleavy, David Norris, Emily O'Reilly and Francis Stuart.
    In May 1994 Paul Hill gave a half-hour Opinions lecture televised on Channel 4 and subsequently published in The Independentas "Prisoners on the Outside".
    The film In the Name of the Fatherstarring Daniel Day-Lewis was based on the story of the Guildford Four. The film was nominated for seven Academy Awards.
    The Guildford Four are mentioned in the track "Fifty in Five" from the Australian hip-hop album State of the Artwhich compiles major events of the past fifty years condensed into a five-minute song.
    Life for a life sentences to warn the IRA – A report on the sentencing phase of the original trial, The Guardian, 23 October 1975
    Summary of the cases from the BBC
    Justice:Denied's review of the book and movie version of In the Name of the Father
  7. Guildford Four's Gerry Conlon dies - BBC News › news › uk-northern-ireland-27955555

    Jun 23, 2014 · Guildford Four's Gerry Conlon dies. Gerry Conlon, who was wrongly convicted of the 1974 Guildford IRA pub bombing, has died aged 60 after an illness. He was one of the Guildford Four, who spent 15 ...

  8. Gerry Conlon blew almost £1 million after his release from ... › news › 2017/10/05

    Oct 05, 2017 · Gerry Conlon emerges from the Old Bailey Court in London after the Guildford Four are were released in 1989. Picture by Hugh Russell. Conlon had to resort to scavenging from bins when drug abuse ...

  9. Guildford Four man Gerry Conlon's 'living hell' revealed ... › news › uk-england-surrey-42516972

    Dec 29, 2017 · Guildford Four member Gerry Conlon wrote to the Irish government describing his "living hell" in prison, declassified documents have shown. A letter written by Mr Conlon 12 years into his life ...

  10. Guildford Four: how the innocent were framed and the truth ... › guildford-four-how-the

    Mar 06, 2020 · Guildford Four: how the innocent were framed and the truth buried. Gerry Conlon leaving the Old Bailey. On October 5, 1974 two public houses in Guildford, Surrey were bombed by the IRA without warning causing five deaths and over 60 injuries of varying severity. The bombs were placed in the pubs with timing devices to detonate when the bomb ...

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