Convicted on 22 October 1975 and sentenced to life imprisonment. Criminal status. Conviction quashed by Court of Appeal on 19 October 1989. Gerard "Gerry" Conlon (1 March 1954 – 21 June 2014) was an Irish man known for being one of the Guildford Four who spent 15 years in prison after being wrongly convicted of being a Provisional IRA bomber.
Giuseppe Conlon had travelled from Belfast to help his son, Gerry Conlon, in the Guildford Four trial. Conlon, who had troubles with his lungs for many years, died in prison in January 1980, while the other six served their sentences and were released. Appeals. The Guildford Four and the Maguire Seven sought leave to appeal their convictions ...
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Gerry Conlon was born in Belfast and grew up at 7 Peel Street on the corner of Mary Street in the impoverished but close-knit community of the Lower Falls Road. He described his childhood as happy. His father was Giuseppe Conlon, a factory worker, and his mother was Sarah Conlon, a hospital cleaner. In 1974, at age 20, Conlon went to England to seek work and to escape the everyday violence he was encountering on the streets of Belfast. He was living with a group of squatters in London when he was arrested for the Guildford pub bombings, which occurred on 5 October the same year. Conlon, along with fellow Irishmen Paul Hill and Paddy Armstrong and Englishwoman Carole Richardson, known as the Guildford Four, were convicted on 22 October 1975 of planting two bombs a year earlier in the Surrey town of Guildford, which killed five people and injured dozens more. The four were sentenced to life in prison.At their trial the judge told th...
Conlon battled with lung cancer for a period before his death on 21 June 2014 in his native Belfast.The Guardian, Obituary 22 June 2014The Guardian, Guildford Four's Gerry Conlon dies of cancer in Belfast, aged 60, 22 June 2014Gerry Conlon at IMDbBelfast TelegrapharticleStandardarticle
It is based on the true story of the Guildford Four, four people falsely convicted of the 1974 Guildford pub bombings, which killed four off-duty British soldiers and a civilian. The screenplay was adapted by Terry George and Jim Sheridan from the 1990 autobiography Proved Innocent: The Story of Gerry Conlon of the Guildford Four by Gerry Conlon .
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The Guildford Fourwere charged with direct involvement with the IRA attacks. They were: After their arrest, all four defendants confessed to the bombing under intense coercion by the police.These statements were later retracted but remained the basis of the case against them. They would later be alleged to be the result of coercion by the police, ranging from intimidation to torture—including threats against family members—as well as the effects of drug withdrawal.Conlon wrote in his autobiography that a key factor in his purportedly coerced confession was the fact that strengthened anti-terrorism laws passed in the early 1970s allowed the police to hold suspects without charges for up to a week, rather than the previous limit of 48 hours and that he might have been able to withstand the treatment he had received had the original time limit been in effect. The four were convicted on 22 October 1975 for murder and other c...
The Maguire Seven were charged with possessing nitroglycerine allegedly passed to the IRA to make bombs after the police raided the West Kilburn house of Anne Maguire on 3 December 1974.[why?] They were tried and convicted on 4 March 1976 and received the following sentences: Giuseppe Conlon had travelled from Belfastto help his son, Gerry Conlon, in the Guildford Four trial. Conlon, who had troubles with his lungs for many years, died in prison in January 1980, while the other six served their sentences and were released.
The Guildford Four and the Maguire Seven sought leave to appeal their convictions immediately and were refused. Despite this, a growing body of disparate groups pressed for a re-examination of the case. In February 1977, during the trial of the Balcombe Street ASU, the four IRA men instructed their lawyers to "draw attention to the fact that four totally innocent people were serving massive sentences", referring to the Guildford Four.Despite claims to the police that they were responsible they were never charged with these offences and the Guildford Four remained in prison for another twelve years. The Guildford Four tried to obtain from the Home Secretary a reference to the Court of Appeal under Section 17 of the Criminal Appeal Act 1968 (later repealed), but were unsuccessful. In 1987, the Home Office issued a memorandum recognising that it was unlikely they were terrorists, but that this would not be sufficient e...
Neither the bombings nor the wrongful imprisonment resulted in convictions. The bombings were most likely the work of the Balcombe Street Siege gang, who claimed responsibility. They were already serving life sentences, but were released under the terms of the Good Friday Agreement. Three British police officers — Thomas Style, John Donaldson and Vernon Attwell — were charged with conspiracy to pervert the course of justice, but each was found not guilty. On 9 February 2005, Tony Blair, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, issued an apology to the families of the eleven people imprisoned for the bombings in Guildford and Woolwichand those related to them who were still alive. He said, in part, "I am very sorry that they were subject to such an ordeal and injustice... they deserve to be completely and publicly exonerated." Anne Maguire was awarded a Benemerenti medal by the Roman Catholic Church for her "remarkable abil...In March 1991 Paul Hill appeared on the Channel 4 discussion programme After Dark with, among others, Patrick Cosgrave, J. P. Donleavy, David Norris, Emily O'Reilly and Francis Stuart.In May 1994 Paul Hill gave a half-hour Opinions lecture televised on Channel 4 and subsequently published in The Independentas "Prisoners on the Outside".The film In the Name of the Fatherstarring Daniel Day-Lewis was based on the story of the Guildford Four. The film was nominated for seven Academy Awards.The Guildford Four are mentioned in the track "Fifty in Five" from the Australian hip-hop album State of the Artwhich compiles major events of the past fifty years condensed into a five-minute song.
Jun 23, 2014 · Guildford Four's Gerry Conlon dies. Gerry Conlon, who was wrongly convicted of the 1974 Guildford IRA pub bombing, has died aged 60 after an illness. He was one of the Guildford Four, who spent 15 ...
Oct 05, 2017 · Gerry Conlon emerges from the Old Bailey Court in London after the Guildford Four are were released in 1989. Picture by Hugh Russell. Conlon had to resort to scavenging from bins when drug abuse ...
Dec 29, 2017 · Guildford Four member Gerry Conlon wrote to the Irish government describing his "living hell" in prison, declassified documents have shown. A letter written by Mr Conlon 12 years into his life ...
Mar 06, 2020 · Guildford Four: how the innocent were framed and the truth buried. Gerry Conlon leaving the Old Bailey. On October 5, 1974 two public houses in Guildford, Surrey were bombed by the IRA without warning causing five deaths and over 60 injuries of varying severity. The bombs were placed in the pubs with timing devices to detonate when the bomb ...