The construction was continued by Gian Galeazzo Visconti, first Duke of Milan, and completed by his heirs, Ludovico il Moro and his grandchild Gian Galeazzo Sforza. Donato Bramante had been working on the project of the castle. Leonardo Da Vinci is known to have frequented Vigevano and supposedly attended to the works.
Galeazzo Maria Sforza was born in Fermo, near the family's castle of Girifalco, the first son of Francesco Sforza and Bianca Maria Visconti. At the death of his father (8 March 1466), Galeazzo was in France at the head of a military expedition to help King Louis XI of France against Charles I of Burgundy .
Sforza Castle (Italian: Castello Sforzesco) is in Milan, northern Italy. It was built in the 15th century by Francesco Sforza, Duke of Milan, on the remnants of a 14th-century fortification. Later renovated and enlarged, in the 16th and 17th centuries it was one of the largest citadels in Europe.
- Yes, a museum
- Restored by Luca Beltrami (1891-1905)
- Comune of Milan
The Visconti and the Sforza The medieval Castle of Porta Giovia was enlarged by its successors: Gian Galeazzo Visconti, who became the first Duke of Milan, Giovanni Maria and Filippo Maria, who first moved the courtyard from the ducal palace that stood near the Cathedral (today’s Royal Palace).
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The efforts to complete and embellish the castle were intensified under the rule of Francesco Sforza's successor. In 1468 Galeazzo Maria, the first in line to the title, moved into the castle together with his court and spouse, Bona di Savoia, the sister-in-law of King Louis XI of France.
May 23, 2016 · Gian Galeazzo Sforza, c.1483, by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis. ( Public Domain ) When Bona was 24 years old, she left her country and became the second wife of Sigismund I the Old, the king of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania.
The castle used to be the main residence of the Visconti family, while the political capital of the state was Milan. North of the castle a wide park was enclosed, also including the Certosa of Pavia , founded 1396 according to a vow of Gian Galeazzo Visconti , meant to be a sort of private chapel of the Visconti dynasty.
- Early Years
- Queen of Poland
- See Also
Childhood in Milan and Bari
Bona was the third of the four children of Gian Galeazzo Sforza and his wife Isabella of Naples. Gian Galeazzo was the legal heir to the Duchy of Milan, but his uncle and regent Ludovico Sforza, known to history as "Il Moro", usurped the power. The couple was sent to live at the Castello Visconteo in Pavia, where Gian Galeazzo died in 1494. Rumors spread that he was poisoned by Ludovico. The family moved to the Sforza Castle in Milan, where they lived under the watchful eye of Ludovico. He wa...
When the House of Sforza was restored to the Duchy of Milan in 1512, Isabella hoped to wed Bona and Duke Maximilian Sforza thereby providing further legitimacy to Maximilian's reign. There were other proposals as well: Spanish King Ferdinand II of Aragon proposed Giuliano de' Medici, brother of Pope Leo X; Isabella counter-proposed Ferdinand's ten-year-old grandson Ferdinand of Habsburg who was expected to inherit the Spanish throne; Pope Leo X proposed Philippe who would succeed to the Duchy...
Bona was energetic, even hot-tempered, while Sigismund was much calmer and passive. From the beginning, Bona became involved in various state affairs, which did not agree with the traditional ideal of a royal wife – obedient, devoted to husband and children. Bona and Sigismund disagreed on many domestic and foreign issues and were known to have arguments, but the marriage did not collapse. Bona did not travel with her husband – from the first four and a half years of marriage, she spent three...
Almost from the beginning of her life in Poland, Queen Bona tried to gain a strong political position and began forming a circle of supporters. On 23 January 1519, Pope Leo X, whom she had friendly relationship with from her Italian days, granted her the privilege of awarding eight benefices in five Polish cathedrals (Kraków, Gniezno, Poznań, Włocławek, and Frombork). In May 1519, the privilege was expanded to fifteen benefices. This was a very important privilege that allowed Bona to secure...
In foreign policy, she was a fierce opponent of the Habsburgs and a supporter of a closer alliance with Kingdom of France. After the Louis II of Hungary was killed at Mohacs in 1526, she supported John Zápolya as successor against Ferdinand of Habsburg. Bona also sought to maintain good relations with the Ottoman Empire and had contacts with Roxelana, chief consort and wife of Suleiman the Magnificent. Bona also advocated attaching Silesia to the Polish Crown in return for her hereditary prin...
On the 1 April 1548, Sigismund I the Olddied, leaving Bona a widow. Their son succeeded him. After the death of the King, Bona moved to Masovia and stayed there for eight years before moving back to her native Bari. A year after returning to the Duchy of Bari, Bona Sforza was poisoned by her trusted officer, Gian Lorenzo Pappacoda. Pappacoda was acting on behalf of King Philip II of Spain, who wished to avoid repaying his sizable debts to the Polish-Lithuanian queen. She was buried in St. Nicholas' Basilica in Bari, where her daughter Annahad a tomb made in the current Renaissance style for her remains.
Bona and Sigismund I the Oldhad six children: 1. Isabella (18 January 1519 – 15 September 1559), married John Zápolya, King of Hungary (Eastern Kingdom) 2. Sigismund II Augustus (1 August 1520 – 7 July 1572), King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania 3. Sophia (13 July 1522 – 28 May 1575), married Henry V, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg 4. Anna (18 October 1523 – 9 September 1596), Queen of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania (in her own right); married Stephen Báthory 5. Catherine (1 November 1526 – 16 September 1583), married John III of Sweden 6. Wojciech Olbracht (born and died 20 September 1527)List of Polish rulersPolish cuisineChicken War- the article contains an image of a triumphant Bona
Gian Galeazzo Sforza with his uncle and regent Ludovico Sforza Despite this early warmth between the cousins, their relationship suffered due to Ludovico's political schemes. The birth of Beatrice's son, Maximilian , was greeted by great pomp and ceremony, befitting an heir, something that had been denied to Isabella's son. 
Galeazzo Maria ruled until his assassination in 1476, leaving his titles to his seven-year-old son, Gian Galeazzo Sforza, Ludovico's nephew. A bitter struggle for the regency with the boy's mother, Bona of Savoy , ensued; Ludovico emerged as victor in 1481 and seized control of the government of Milan, despite attempts to keep him out of power.