Belarus covers an area of 207,600 square kilometres (80,200 sq mi), with a population of 9.4 million, and is the thirteenth-largest and the twentieth-most populous country in Europe. The country is administratively divided into seven regions , and is one of the world's most urbanized , with over 40% of its total land area forested .
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The politics of Belarus takes place in a framework of a presidential republic with a bicameral parliament.The President of Belarus is the head of state. Executive power is exercised by the government, at its top sits a prime minister, appointed by the President.
Belarus is a country in Eastern Europe. About nine million people live there. Its capital is Minsk. It was part of the Soviet Union until 1991. The president of Belarus has been Alexander Lukashenko since 1994. It is bordered by Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Lithuania and Latvia. Over forty percent of its 207,600 square kilometres is forested. The State is a member of the UN, the CIS, Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Eurasian Economic Community, the Union State of Russia and Belarus, as w
The vast majority of Belarusian-language schools located in rural areas that are gradually closed through the exodus of its population to the cities. Each year, there is a closure of about 100 small schools in Belarus, most of which use Belarusian language in teaching.
city of oblast (voblasć) subordinance (Belarusian: горад абласнога падпарадкавання, Russian: город областного подчинения) — urban locality with the population of not less than 50,000 people; it has its own body of self-government, known as Council of Deputies (Belarusian: Савет дэпутатаў, Russian: совет депутатов) and an executive committee (Belarusian: выканаўчы камітэт, Russian ...
During the Soviet control (1939–41) the Polish population was subject to arrests, executions and mass deportations to Siberia and the Soviet Republic of Kazakhstan. The city had an overwhelmingly Jewish population in the Russian Partition : 30,000 out of 45,000 total population according to Russian 1897 census, which fell to 21,000 out of ...
Surveys are monopolized by the government, which either does not publish its surveys or uses them for propagandistic purposes. According to a leaked internal poll, a third of the population had trust in Lukashenko. The last credible public poll in Belarus was a 2016 poll showing approximately 30% approval for Lukashensko.
Belarusians are an ethnic group in Belarus who belong to the East Slavic ethnic group who are believed to be the natives of modern-day Belarus and its surrounding region. Presently, there are more than 9.5 million people who claim to be of Belarusian ethnicity around the world the majority of them being in Belarus and its adjacent countries such as Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, and Russian Federation. At the dawn of the 20th-century, Belarusians was a minority group in the regions surrounding the city of Smolensk in Russia. Large numbers of Belarusians moved to different countries in the early 20th century, particularly to the US, Canada, and Brazil. Between 1917 and 1991, during the Soviet Unionera, the majority of the Belarusians were deported to different regions of the USSR and other regions such as Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Siberia. The collapse of the USSR in 1991 many Belarusians moved to different regions like the Baltic States, Canada, the US, and the EU countries.
The figures from the Belarusian census of 2009 indicated that there were 785,000 ethnic Russians in the country which was equivalent to 8.3% of the country's total population. A decade earlier there were approximately 1.1 million ethnic Russians in Belarus implying that the population of the ethnic Russians in the country fell by 31% between 1999 and 2009. Similarly, the total population of Belarus decreased, as well, by 5% over the same period. However, the Russian ethnic in Belarus are the largest minority group in the country. The majority of Russian Belarusians are the descendants of the Russian immigrants who settled in Belarus during the Soviet era as administrative or military personnel and technical specialists.
The Polish Belarusians are a minority ethnic group in Belarus, and according to 2009 census, they were about 0.3 million people. They account for the second largest minority ethnic group in Belarus after the Russians are they represent 3.1% of the country's total population. About 180,905 Polish Belarusians are living in large agglomerations, and about 113,000 are living in relatively smaller settlements. Other estimates think that the population is much higher than this based on the previous poll, which was held in 1989 by the Soviet authorities who found that the poles in Belarus were 413,000. Most of the Polish Belarusians live in the western region of the country in the Grodno oblast including regions such as Sapotskin and its surrounding region as well as in Voranava district. The union of poles in Belarus is the largest Polish organization in the country having a membership of more than 20,000 people. The organization represents the Polish minority in the country which, accord...
The Jewish ethnic group in Belarus is the third largest minority in the country, particularly in the first half of the 20th century. Before the Second World War, the population of Jews dropped from about 900,000 to about 325,000 as a result of mass migrations. However, even with the mass migration, Jews were still the third largest ethnic group in the country accounting for more than 40% of the population in major cities and towns. In other cities such as Homiel, Viciebsk, Babrujsk, Mahiliou, Pinsk, and Minsk, They accounted for almost 50% of the population. The population of the Jews in Belarus between 1926 and 1939 was approximately 375,000 to 407,000, representing about 6.7% to 8.2% of the country's total population. However, about 246,000 Jews or about 66% of the Jewish population in Belarus perished in the Holocaust. The census of 2009 indicated that there were 12,926 people who identified themselves as Jews in Belarus. The Jewish agency in the country estimates that there are...
The ethnic Armenians living in Belarus numbered 8,512 according to 2009 census, living mainly in the city of Minsk. In the 20th century, the Armenian settlements in the country were episodic, and in the 1980s the population of Armenians in the country began to increase. According to the 1989 census, the Armenians in Belarus were 4,933 which represented about 0.04% of the country's population. Within a decade later, the population of Armenian had increased to 10,191, representing about 0.1% of the total population in Belarus. Many Armenians took part when the Soviet Union was established, and they fought for the Soviet Union during the 1941-1945 conflict. Several streets in the city of Minsk are named after the Armenian soldiers. Unlike the Armenians in other countries, the Armenian community in Belarus is perceived to be allied to the Russians. Armenians in other countries such as Moldova, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan are perceived to be allied to the Titulars and hostile towards the Rus...
In January – November 2020, the turnover of foreign trade in goods of the Republic of Belarus totaled USD 55 197.9 million, of which exports USD 26 134.6 million and imports USD 29 063.3 million. 11.01.2021