The name Greek Orthodox Church (Greek: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, Ellinorthódoxi Ekklisía, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]), or Greek Orthodoxy, is a term referring to the body of several churches within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity, whose liturgy is or was traditionally conducted in Koine Greek, the original language of the Septuagint and the ...
The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, with its headquarters located in the City of New York, is an Eparchy of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, The mission of the Archdiocese is to proclaim the Gospel of Christ, to teach and spread the Orthodox Christian faith, to energize, cultivate, and guide the life of the Church in the United States of America according to the Orthodox ...
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- I. Holy Scripture and Holy Tradition
- II. The Creed
- III. The Sacraments
- IV. The Church Calendar
- v. The Divine Liturgy
- VI. Ecumenism
- VII. The Major Feast Days
- VIII. Divine Services
- Further Reading
The Orthodox Church has two great sources of authority:Holy Scripture comprises the writings of both the New and the Old Testaments. The New Testament reveals the human and divine nature of Jesus Christ, and His sacred teachings that we are charged to follow. The Old Testament is a history of the Hebrew people. It contains, among other sacred writings, the prophecies and the writings of the Prophets that foretold the coming of the Messiah. It therefore serves as an introduction to the revelat...
The Creed contains the Church's basic summary of doctrinal truths to which we adhere as Orthodox Christians. It consists of the twelve articles of the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, or the \\"Pistevo,\\" which is recited at each Divine Liturgy.
The Sacraments are seven in number. They are the visible means by which the invisible Grace of the Holy Spirit is imparted to us. Four Sacraments are obligatory: 1. Baptism, 2. Chrismation (anointment with holy oil), 3. Confession, and 4. Holy Communion.Three are optional: 1. Matrimony, 2. Holy Orders (Ordination), and 3. Unction (anointment of the sick).
The Church Calendar begins on September 1st and ends on August 31st. Each day is sacred for the Orthodox Christian. The Church venerates at least one saint or sacred event in the life of the Church every day of the year. There are, however, several major feast days observed annually, and of these, Easter, or Pascha, is the most important.
The central worship service of the Church is the Divine Liturgy, which is celebrated each Sunday morning and on all holy days. The Liturgy is also the means by which we achieve union with Jesus Christ and unity with each other through the Sacrament of Holy Communion.
While the Orthodox Church considers herself the Mother Church of Christendom, she cooperates with other churches in programs of educational, philanthropic, and social endeavors insofar as this is consistent with her theology. Orthodoxy has become a major force in the universal ecumenical movement of which she was a prime mover through the encyclical of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople in 1920.
1. Nativity of the Theotokos September 8 2. Exaltation of the Holy Cross September 14 3. Presentation of the Theotokos in the Temple November 21 4. Christmas (Nativity of Jesus Christ) December 25 5. Epiphany (Baptism of Christ) January 6 6. Presentation of Christ in the Temple February 2 7. Annunciation (Evangelismos) March 25 8. EASTER (Pascha) (Varies from year to year) 9. Ascension (40 Days after Easter) 10. Pentecost (50 Days after Easter) 11. Transfiguration of Christ August 6 12. Dorm...
At the center of the life of the Church is the Holy Eucharist, which is the principal celebration of our faith and the means through which we participate in the very life of the Holy Trinity. The major Sacraments are closely related to the Eucharist, and they bear witness to the continuing presence of Christ in the lives of His people.Besides the Eucharist and the major SACRAMENTS, the Orthodox Church has a number of Special Services and Blessings which are associated with the needs, events,...
Treasures Of Orthodoxy is a series of pamphlets written for the non-Orthodox, especially those who are considering becoming members of the Orthodox Church and who wish to deepen their appreciation of her faith, worship, and traditions. The pamphlets are authored by Fr. Thomas Fitzgerald, a faculty member of Hellenic College-Holy Cross School of Theology. The pamphlet titles are as follows: 1. Introduction - Introduces the non-Orthodox to Orthodox Christianity. 2. House of God - Describes the...
Jan 02, 2020 · Answer: The Greek Orthodox Church (GOC) is a branch of Eastern Orthodoxy, which formally broke with the Western (or Roman Catholic) Church in AD 1054. Even though the Greek Orthodox Church is separate from Catholicism, many of its practices are similar, such as the veneration of saints.
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- Apostolic Succession
- Orthodox History Begins with Pentecost
- Apostles Travel to Spread Christianity
- Persecution and Martyrdom of Christians
- Emperor Constantine I – Constantine The Great
- The Byzantine Church
As mentioned above, the Orthodox Christian Church that is around today is the exact church that the Apostles set up in the New Testament. This unbroken unity is referred to as Apostolic Succession. Through it, all bishops and priests can be traced back to the original Apostles through ordination. In doing so, this keeps the original doctrine of the Church intact.
Much of what occurred in the early years of the church has been documented in the New Testament. Officially, the history of the church begins at Pentecost, which is documented in the Acts of the Apostles and took place in 33 A.D. During Pentecost, the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles and the people who had gathered and they began to speak in tongues. Today, the Orthodox Church celebrates this event fifty days after Pascha.
In Matthew 28:18-20, Jesus gave the Apostles what is known as “The Great Commission” amongst Biblical scholars. In that passage, he told them to “go, make disciples of all nations.” Filled with the Holy Spirit, the Apostles traveled extensively to lead people to Christ and to build churches. The Apostle Paul, for example, traveled to Asia Minor, Greece, and even to Rome.
It was also during this time when Christians were heavily persecuted and martyred. Though persecution and martyrdom of Orthodox Christians still happens today, it was a very frequent occurrence during the first few hundred years of the Church. Yet, despite that, the number of believers continued to grow.
Emperor Constantine I is listed as a saint in the Orthodox Church because he legitimized Christianity in the Roman Empire and made persecution of Christians illegal. In 313 A.D. he enacted the Edict of Milan, which stated that Christians would be able to practice their faith without harm or oppression. A Christian himself, he declared his faith when he was around forty years old. Prior to this Edict, the Roman Empire was one of the heaviest persecutors of Christians and many of them were martyred.
Emperor Constantine moved his residence to a new city, which he named Constantinople after himself. Eventually, Constantinople became the capital of Byzantium, which is where the Byzantine Church eventually had its center. Later on, the Turks renamed the city Istanbul and the head of the Orthodox Christian Church is still located there today. The Orthodox Christian Church has a rich history, which has its roots with Jesus. When He commissioned His Apostles to “make disciples of all nations,” they traveled the world to form churches. The Orthodox Church that exists today is the same one that the Apostles set up over two thousand years ago. Categorized in: Religion This post was written by GreekBoston.com
Saints, Feasts, and Readings for 01/02/2021. Saints and Feasts: Forefeast of the Theophany of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ; Sylvester, Pope of Rome; Cosmas, Archbishop of Constantinople; Seraphim the Wonderworker of Sarov; Juliana the Righteous; Theagenes the Hieromartyr, Bishop of Parios; Theopemptos; Theodota, the Mother of the Holy Anargyroi; Righteous Mark the Deaf; Basil the Martyr ...
As Greek Orthodox Christians, we are under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America, and of course under the Omophorion of our beloved Spiritual Father and Leader, His Eminence Metropolitan Alexios of Atlanta.
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