Gregory Hancock Hemingway (November 12, 1931 – October 1, 2001), also known as Gloria Hemingway in later life, was the third and youngest child of author Ernest Hemingway. A good athlete and a crack shot, Gregory longed to be a typical Hemingway hero and trained as a professional hunter in Africa.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gregory_Hemingway
Gregory Hancock Hemingway (November 12, 1931 – October 1, 2001), also known as Gloria Hemingway in later life, was the third and youngest child of author Ernest Hemingway. A good athlete and a crack shot, Gregory longed to be a typical Hemingway hero and trained as a professional hunter in Africa.
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Ernest Hemingway's Son Gregory Dies By Terry Spencer Associated Press Writer. Thursday, Oct. 4, 2001; 5:27 p.m. EDT. MIAMI-- Gregory Hemingway, the youngest son of macho novelist Ernest Hemingway, died a transsexual by the name of Gloria in a cell at a women's jail, authorities said.
- Early Life
- Relationship with Ernest Hemingway
- Middle Years
- Gender Identity
Born in Kansas City, Missouri, to novelist Ernest Hemingway and his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer, he was in childhood called Gigi or Gig and was, according to a close observer, "a tremendous athlete" and a "crack shot." As an adult, he preferred the name Greg. Hemingway attended the Canterbury School, a Catholic prep school in Connecticut, graduating in 1949. He dropped out of St. John's College, Annapolis, after one year and worked for a time as an aircraft mechanicbefore moving to California in 1951. Greg married against his father's wishes. Problems with illegal drugs eventually led to his arrest.The incident prompted his father to lash out viciously at his mother, Pauline, in a phone call. Unknown to anyone, Pauline had a rare tumor of the adrenal gland that can cause a deadly surge of adrenaline in times of stress. Within hours of the phone call with Ernest, she had died of shock on a hospital operating table. Ernest blamed his son for Pauline's death, and Greg was deeply dist...
Father and son were estranged for many years, beginning when Gregory was 19. As an attempt at reconciliation, Hemingway sent his father a telegram in October 1954 to congratulate him on being awarded the Nobel Prize and received $5,000 in return. They had intermittent contact thereafter. He wrote a short account of his father's life and their strained relationship, Papa: A Personal Memoir that became a bestseller. When it appeared in 1976, the preface by Norman Mailer said: "There is nothing slavish here....For once, you can read a book about Hemingway and not have to decide whether you like him or not." The New York Times called it "a small miracle" and "artfully elliptical" in presenting "gloriously romantic adventures" with "a thin cutting edge of malice." Hemingway wrote of his own ambitions in the shadow of his father's fame: "What I really wanted to be was a Hemingway hero." Of his father he wrote: "The man I remembered was kind, gentle, elemental in his vastness, tormented be...
In the course of his first four marriages, Gregory Hemingway had eight children: Patrick, Edward, Sean, Brendan, Vanessa, Maria, John, and Lorian. One of his marriages, to Valerie Danby-Smith, Ernest Hemingway's secretary, lasted almost 20 years.Gregory's fourth marriage, to Ida Mae Galliher, ended in divorce in 1995 after three years, though they continued to live together and remarried in 1997. In 1972, Maia Rodman, Hemingway's childhood tennis coach and a family friend who had fallen in love with him, dedicated her book The Life and Death of a Brave Bullto Gregory. He practiced medicine in the 1970s and 1980s, first in New York and then as a rural family doctor in Montana, first in Fort Benton and later as the medical officer for Garfield County, based in Jordan, Montana. Interviewed there, he said: "When I smell the sagebrush or see the mountains, or a vast clean stream, I love those things. Some of my happiest memories of childhood were associated with the West." In 1988, autho...
For years, Hemingway claimed, he had experienced gender dysphoria. He experimented with wearing women's clothes on a number of occasions.Wife Valerie wrote: Hemingway considered gender reassignment surgery as early as 1973. He had the surgery in 1995 and began using the name Gloria on occasion.Despite the surgery, Hemingway, presenting as a man, remarried Galliher in 1997 in Washington State. Hemingway's public persona remained male. As Gregory, he gave interviews about his father as late as 1999. In July of that year he attended events marking the centenary of Ernest Hemingway's birth in Oak Park, Illinois. He also spoke at the dedication of the Hemingway-Pfeiffer Museum in his mother's family home in Piggott, Arkansas, when it opened on July 4, 1999. Hemingway's transition from male to female was a long process left incomplete at his death. He had breast implant surgery on one breast and then had it reversed. He was sometimes seen in women's attire, yet, dressed as a man, he frequ...
Hemingway died October 1, 2001 of hypertension and cardiovascular disease in Miami-Dade Women's Detention Center. That day, Hemingway was due in court to answer charges of indecent exposure and resisting arrest without violence.Hemingway had been living in Florida for more than ten years. In most obituaries, he was called Gregory, but Time magazine published a brief notice of the death of "Gloria Hemingway, 69, transsexual youngest son turned daughter of novelist Ernest Hemingway" and noted the novelist once said Gregory had "the biggest dark side in the family except me." The gravestone reads: "Dr. Gregory Hancock Hemingway 1931–2001". He is buried next to his father and half-brother Jackin the Ketchum, Idaho cemetery. Hemingway left two wills. One will left most of the $7 million estate to Galliher. The other left most of it to Hemingway's children.The children challenged the will that named Galliher as heir, claiming that Galliher was not legally Hemingway's widow since Hemingway...
Daughter Lorian Hemingway wrote about her father in the 1999 book Walk on Water: A Memoir. Son Edward, an artist, has written and illustrated the children's books Bump in the Night, and "Bad Apple". Son John wrote the critically acclaimed memoir Strange Tribe: A Family Memoir.Son Patrick is a professional photographer based in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. Son Seán is the curator of Greek and Roman Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
- United States
- Physician, writer
- Ernest Hemingway Pauline Pfeiffer
Oct 06, 2001 · Gregory Hemingway, the youngest son of novelist Ernest Hemingway and a former physician who underwent a late-in-life sex-change operation, died Monday in a private cell in the Miami-Dade Women's ...
- Dennis Mclellan
Mar 15, 2014 · Gregory Hancock Hemingway was born in Kansas City, Missouri, in 1931 to the writer and his second wife, Pauline, née Pfeiffer, a stylish, wealthy young Catholic from St Louis who was working for ...
Oct 18, 2020 · In 1997, Gregory and his brothers, Jack and Patrick, joined forces to organize a more dignified version of the rowdy Hemingway Days celebration in Key West, the Associated Press reported.
Aug 23, 2018 · Gregory and his father, Sun Valley. Photo: Robert Capa. In Norman Mailer’s preface to Gregory Hemingway’s, Papa: A Personal Memoir, he writes; “ It is a portrait written in love, it is with all the sweets and s
Oct 05, 2001 · Gregory Hemingway, youngest son of novelist Ernest Hemingway and a former physician who underwent a late-in-life sex-change operation, died Monday in his cell in the Miami-Dade Women's Detention ...
Oct 01, 2001 · Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Dr Gregory Hancock “Gloria” Hemingway (12 Nov 1931–1 Oct 2001), Find a Grave Memorial no. 5825601, citing Ketchum Cemetery, Ketchum, Blaine County, Idaho, USA ; Maintained by William Barritt (contributor 46493296) .
The person in question was named "Gregory Hemingway" for 64 years (1931-1995), and "Gloria Hemingway" for 6 years (1995-2001). Since most of his well-known work was done while self-identifying as a man and named "Gregory Hemingway", putting this entry at "Gloria Hemingway" contradicts the "use most common name" rule.