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  1. The Definition of Ethnicity in Sociology - ThoughtCo › ethnicity-definition-3026311

    Sep 30, 2019 · In sociology, ethnicity is a concept referring to a shared culture and a way of life. This can be reflected in language, religion, material culture such as clothing and cuisine, and cultural products such as music and art.

  2. Ethnicity | Introduction to Sociology › cochise-sociology-os
    • Conceptual History of Ethnicity
    • “Ethnies” Or Ethnic Categories
    • Approaches to Understanding Ethnicity
    • Ethnicity and Race

    Ethnicity is a constructed category, the characteristics and boundaries of which have been renegotiated and redefined over the years to suit different contexts and objectives. Sociologist Max Weber asserted that ethnic groups were künstlich (artificial, i.e. a social construct) for three reasons. Firstly, they were based on a subjective belief in shared Gemeinschaft (community). Secondly, this belief in shared Gemeinschaft did not create the group; rather, the group created the belief. Thirdly, group formation resulted from the drive to monopolize power and status. In 1978, Anthropologist Ronald Cohen claimed that the identification of “ethnic groups” in the usage of social scientists often reflected inaccurate labels more than indigenousrealities: In this way, he pointed to the fact that identification of an ethnic group by outsiders, e.g. anthropologists, may not coincide with the self-identification of the members of that group. Cohen also suggested that claims concerning “ethnic...

    The following categories – “ethnic categories,” “ethnic networks,” “ethnies” or “ethnic communities,” and “situational ethnicity”– were developed in order to distinguish the instances when ethnic classification is the labeling of others and when it is a case of self-identification. 1. An “ethnic category”is a category set up by those who are outside of the category. The members of an ethnic category are categorized by outsiders as being distinguished by attributes of a common name or emblem, a shared cultural element and a connection to a specific territory. 2. At the level of “ethnic networks”, the group begins to have a sense of collectiveness; at this level, common myths of origin and shared cultural and biological heritage begin to emerge, at least among the elitesof that group. 3. At the level of “ethnies” or “ethnic communities”, the members themselves have clear conceptions of being “a named human population with myths of common ancestry, shared historical memories, and one o...

    Different approaches have been used by different social scientists to attempt to understand the nature of ethnicity as a factor in human life and society. Examples of such approaches include primordialism, perennialism, constructivism, modernism, and instrumentalism. 1. Primordialism holds that ethnicity has existed at all times of human history and that modern ethnic groups have historical roots far into the past. According to this framework, the idea of ethnicity is closely linked to the idea of nations and is rooted in the pre-Weber understanding of humanity as being divided into primordially existing groups rooted by kinshipand biological heritage. 2. Perennialismholds that ethnicity is ever changing and that while the concept of ethnicity has existed at all times, ethnic groups are generally short lived before the ethnic boundaries realign in new patterns. 3. Constructivism sees both primordialist and perennialist views as basically flawed and holds that ethnic groups are only...

    Ethnicity, while related to race, refers not to physical characteristics but social traits that are shared by a human population. Some of the social traits often used for ethnic classification include nationality, religious faith and a shared language and culture. Like race, the term ethnicity is difficult to describe and its meaning has changed over time. And like race, individuals may be identified or self-identify to ethnicities in complex, even contradictory, ways. For example, ethnic groups such as Irish, Italian American, Russian, Jewish, and Serbian might all be groups whose members are predominantly included in the racial category “white. ” Conversely, the ethnic group British includes citizens from a multiplicity of racial backgrounds: black, white, Asian, and more, plus a variety of racial combinations. These examples illustrate the complexity and overlap of these identifying terms. Ethnicity, like race, continues to be an identification method that individuals and institu...

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    Why are ethnic groups kunstlich?

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  4. Definition of ethnicity - Sociology Guide › ethnicity › definition-of

    Definition of ethnicity. The term ethnicity has been defined in broader sense to signify self-consciousness of a group of people united or closely related by shared experience such as language, religious belief, common heritage etc.

  5. Race and Ethnicity in Sociology - ThoughtCo › sociology-of-race-and

    Jul 03, 2019 · Introduction to the Subfield . The sociology of race and ethnicity began to take shape in the late 19th century. The American sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois, who was the first African American to earn a Ph.D. at Harvard, is credited with pioneering the subfield within the United States with his famous and still widely taught books The Souls of Black Folk and Black Reconstruction.

  6. Race and Ethnicity Defined - CliffsNotes › study-guides › sociology

    That is, ethnicity is a shared cultural heritage. The most common characteristics distinguishing various ethnic groups are ancestry, a sense of history, language, religion, and forms of dress. Ethnic differences are not inherited; they are learned. Most countries today consist of different ethnic groups.

  7. Ethnicity and Religious Belief | tutor2u › sociology › reference

    This is the idea that minority-ethnic groups could use religion and religious institutions to assist the process of immigration. When people came to a new country, with very different belief systems and unfamiliar traditions, building religious communities helped to support them and to reduce the shock of the transition from one way of life to ...

  8. Examples of Race and Ethnicity - YOURDICTIONARY › examples-of-race-and

    A Look at Ethnicity. While people might choose to define themselves based on their race, they can also use their ethnicity. Unlike race, which is based largely on physical attributes, your ethnicity is based on traditions, language, nationality or cultural heritage. When you think of your ethnicity, you look beyond your physical characteristics ...

  9. Since the publication of Horowitz's , comparative political scientists have increasingly converged on their classification of ethnic identities. But there is no agreement on the definition that justifies this classification—and the definitions that individual scholars propose do not match their classifications. I propose a definition that captures the conventional classification of ethnic ...

  10. Race vs. Ethnicity: What’s the Difference? › en-us › lifestyle

    Jun 24, 2020 · What does race mean? The U.S. Census Bureau defines race as a “person’s self-identification with one or more social groups.” The social groups include White, Black, African American, Asian ...

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