Hartford, Connecticut - Wikipedia Hartford, Connecticut Not to be confused with Hertford or Harford. Hartford is the capital city of the U.S. state of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut disbanded county government in 1960. It is the core city in the Greater Hartford metropolitan area.
Hartford County is a county located in the north central part of the U.S. state of Connecticut. According to the 2020 census, the population was 899,498,  making it the second-most populous county in Connecticut.
- Politics and Government
- Famous People
The first Europeans known to have explored the area were the Dutch. They were led by Adriaen Block. They sailed up the Connecticut River in 1614. Dutch fur traders from New Amsterdam came back in 1623. They wanted to build a trading post and fortify the area for the Dutch West India Company. The first place was on the south bank of the Park River. This would have been in the present-day Sheldon/Charter Oak neighborhood. This fort was called Fort Hoop or the "House of Hope." In 1633, Jacob Van...
Throughout the 19th century, Hartford's number of people, economic productivity, cultural influence, and political power continued to grow. The Industrial Revolutionin Hartford in the mid-1800s made it one of the wealthiest per capita in United States. On December 15, 1814, people from the five New England states (Maine was still part of Massachusetts at that time) came together at the Hartford Convention. Unhappy about the War of 1812, they discussed New England possibly breaking awayfrom th...
On the week of April 12, 1909, the Connecticut River reached a record high floodstage of 24.5 feet (7.47 meters) above the low water mark. This flooded Hartford. It did a lot of damage. On July 6, 1944, one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States happened in Hartford. It happened at a performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. It became known as the Hartford Circus Fire. After World War II, many people from Puerto Ricomoved to Hartford. Riverfro...
The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 18.0 square miles (47 km2). Of that, 17.3 square miles (45 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (3.67%) is water.
Hartford has a strong mayor-council government. In 2003, Hartford voted to have a mayor-council system. They had a council-manager form for more than 50 years. Mayor Eddie Perez was first elected in 2001. He was re-elected with 76% of the vote in 2003. He was the first strong mayor elected under the new government system. He is credited with loweri...
Hartford is an important place for medical care, research, and education. In Hartford itself, the city has Hartford Hospital, The Institute of Living, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, and Saint Francis Hospital & Medical Center (which merged in 1990 with Mount Sinai Hospital). In March 2018, Infosyssaid they would open a new technology innova...
The daily Hartford Courant newspaper is the United States's oldest continuously published newspaper. It was created in 1764. A weekly newspaper called the Hartford Advocate also serves Hartford and the surrounding area. Other newspapers include the Hartford Business Journal ("Greater Hartford's Business Weekly") and the weekly Hartford News. The Ha...
Colleges and universities
Hartford has many famous institutions such as Trinity College.
Primary and secondary education
Hartford Public Schools runs the public school system. Hartford Public High School, the nation's second-oldest high school, is in the Asylum Hill neighborhood of Hartford. The Connecticut Department of Education says that Hartford's high school graduation rate reached 71 percent in 2013.
I-84 and I-91intersect in downtown Hartford.
Amtrak provides service from Hartford to Vermont via Springfield and southward to New Haven. The station also has many bus companies.
Bradley International Airport (BDL) is in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. It has more than 150 flights every day. Those flights go to over 30 different places on 9 airlines. Connecticut Transitprovides bus service between Bradley International Airport and downtown Hartford. Other airports serving the Hartford area include: 1. Hartford-Brainard Airport (HFD), located in Hartford off I-91and close to Wethersfield; has charter and local flights 2. Westover Metropolitan Airport (CEF), located in Chic...
The first American cookbook was American Cookery, The Art of Dressing Viands, Fish, Poultry, and Vegetables by Amelia Simons, was published in Hartford by Hudson & Goodwin in 1796. It was also the first cookbook to have recipes for squash and cornmeal. It also had the first published recipe for pumpkin pie. It influenced a generation of American ba...
The Hartford Wolf Pack of the American Hockey League plays ice hockey at the XL Centerin downtown Hartford. As of 2019, Hartford has a USL team. They play in the 9,600 seat Dillon Stadium.
Hartford has had historically important people, such as dictionary author Noah Webster (1758–1843), inventor Sam Colt (1814–62), and American financier and industrialist J.P. Morgan(1837–1913). Some of America's most famous authors lived in Hartford, including Mark Twain (1835–1910). He moved to Hartford in 1874. Twain's next-door neighbor at Nook ...
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- 19th century
- 20th century
- 21st century
The History of Hartford, Connecticut has occupied a central place in Connecticut's history from the state's origins to the present, as well as the greater history of the United States of America.
Here is a partial list of the 163 men and women included in the Book of Distribution of Land as being those who settled in Hartford, Connecticut, before February, 1640. The full list of names is on a monument in the Ancient Burying Ground, beside the buildings of the First Church of Christ in Hartford.
On December 15, 1814, the Hartford Convention was called to order in Hartford. Delegations from the five New England states, were sent to Hartford to discuss New England's possible secession from the United States. During the early 19th century, the Hartford area was a center of abolitionist activity. The most famous abolitionist family was the Bee...
On July 6, 1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States. The fire, which occurred at a performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus, became known as the Hartford Circus Fire. After World War II, many residents of Puerto Rico moved to Hartford and even today Puerto Rican fla...
In the last few years, Hartford has begun to generate renewed interest as many redevelopment projects have been completed, are currently in progress or planned across the city. These initiatives include both commercial and residential projects such as Adriaen's Landing, the Connecticut Science Center, an extensive system of riverfront trails and pa...
Hartford's downtown seen from across the Connecticut River. Bandera ningHartford, Connecticut. Flag. Official seal of Hartford, Connecticut. Seal. Palayo: The Insurance Capital of the World. Location in Hartford County, Connecticut. Coordinates: 41°45′57″N, 72°41′00″W. Bangsa.
The neighborhoods of Hartford, Connecticut in the United States are varied and historic. The Connecticut State Capitol in downtown Hartford Contents 1 Central Business District/Downtown 2 Parkville 3 Frog Hollow 4 Asylum Hill 5 West End 6 Sheldon/Charter Oak 7 Upper Albany 8 Clay-Arsenal 9 South End and Little Italy 10 South Green 11 Barry Square