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  1. › wiki › HelsinkiHelsinki - Wikipedia

    Helsinki's population density of 2,739.36 people per square kilometre makes Helsinki the most densely-populated city in Finland. The life expectancy for men and women is slightly below the national averages: 75.1 years for men as compared to 75.7 years, 81.7 years for women as compared to 82.5 years.

  2. › wiki › FinlandFinland - Wikipedia

    Finland covers an area of 338,455 square kilometres (130,678 sq mi), with a population of 5.5 million. Helsinki is the country's capital and largest city, but together with the neighbouring cities of Espoo, Kauniainen, and Vantaa, it forms a larger metropolitan area. Finland is officially bilingual, with Finnish and Swedish being official.

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    In 1550, Swedish king Gustav Vasa commanded people to build a new city and move there. His idea was to build a new place to trade, which would be more popular than Tallinn. The idea did not work well, and many people returned from Helsinki to their homes. Later Sweden built the fortress Suomenlinna in Helsinki. After Russia had taken Finland from Sweden in several wars, they started developing Helsinki. Helsinki became the capital of autonomous province of Finland. When Finland became independentin 1917, Helsinki stayed as the capital city.

    Helsinki spreads around several bays and over several islands. Some famous islands include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari and Korkeasaari - which is also the country's biggest zoo - as well as the fortress island of Suomenlinna(Sveaborg). The metropolitan area of Greater Helsinki also includes two of Finland's biggest cities, Espoo to the west of Helsinki, and Vantaa to the north. These two cities, along with Helsinki itself and the small town of Kauniainen (which is in fact surrounded by Espoo), make up the Capital Region (Pääkaupunkiseutu in Finnish or Huvudstadsregionen in Swedish). There are other towns nearby that are part of Greater Helsinki, including Järvenpää, Kerava, Tuusula, Nurmijärvi, Sipoo, Kirkkonummi, Mäntsälä and Vihti. They have become popular places for Helsinki commutersto live.

    The public transportationnetwork in Helsinki and its area consists of 1. many bus routes serving most of the region. They are operated by different companies under contractto HSL. 2. one metro line (with two branches) between Helsinki and its eastern suburbs. The line first opened in 1982 and was extended to Espoo in 2017. 3. eleven tram lines, located mostly in the city centre. A light railline serving the northern suburbs has been planned and construction will begin in 2019. 4. several commuter trains between Helsinki and nearby cities. Some lines go as far as Lahti, Riihimäki and Karis. Helsinki Airport is located in Vantaa about 20 kilometers north of Helsinki city center. The airport offers both domestic flights within Finland and international flights to Europe, Asia and North America. Helsinki offers several boat services to Tallinn and Stockholm every day, along with ferriesto places including the island of Suomenlinna.

    City of Helsinki web site - English version Archived 2016-03-30 at the Wayback Machine
    Finland Travel Community Archived 2020-08-09 at the Wayback Machine
    WorldFlicks in Helsinki: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps Archived 2007-12-11 at the Wayback Machine
    • 715.48 km² (276.25 sq mi)
    • 1550
  3. › wiki › HelsinkiHelsinki - Wikipedia

    • The Etymologie O The Name Helsinki
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    Accordin tae oral tradeetion recordit in the 17t century, the early settlers in the modren Helsinki aurie came in the middle o the 13t century frae the province o Hälsingland in central Swaden. The Vantaa River wis accordingly kent locally as Helsingå (‘Helsinge River’), an the pairish foondit in the 14t century wis cried the Helsinge Parish. When the plans tae foond a toun in the vicinity o the modren destrict o Koskela or Forsby (‘veelage o the rapids’) stairtit tae materialise in 1548, the new toun-tae-be began tae be cried Helsinge fors, ‘the Helsinge rapids’. This name then evolvit intae Helsingfors, which is the day the name o the ceety in Swadish. The ordinar fowk cried the place Helsinge or Helsing, which evolvit intae the current Finnish name Helsinki. The name Helsinki haes been uised in Finnish offeecial documents an in Finnish leid newspapers syne 1819, whan the Senate o Finland muivit tae the toun an the decrees issued thare wur datit wi Helsinki as the place o issue. T...

    Early history

    Helsinki wis established as a tradin toun bi Keeng Gustav I o Swaden in 1550 as the toun o Helsingfors, which he intendit tae be a rival tae the Hanseatic ceety o Reval (the day: Tallinn). Little came o the plans as Helsinki remained a tiny toun plagued bi poverty, wars, an diseases. The plague o 1710 killed the greater pairt o the indwallers o Helsinki. The construction o the naval fortress Sveaborg (In Finnish Viapori, the day an aa Suomenlinna) in the 18t century helped impruive Helsinki's...

    Twintiet century

    Despite the tumultuousness o Finnish history durin the first hauf o the 20t century, Helsinki continued its steady development. A laundmerk event wis the XV Olympiad (1952 Olympic Gemmes) held in Helsinki. Finland's rapid urbanization in the 1970s, occurrin late relative tae the rest o Europe, tripled the population in the metropolitan aurie, an the Helsinki Metrosubwey seestem wis biggit. The relatively spairse population density o Helsinki an its peculiar structur hae aften been attributit...

    The Swadish name Helsingfors ([hɛlsiŋˈfɔrs] or [hɛlsiŋˈfɔʂ]) is the oreeginal offeecial name o the ceety o Helsinki (in the vera beginnin, spelled Hellssingeforss). The Finnish leid form o the name probably oreeginates frae Helsinga an seemilar names uised for the river that is currently kent as the Vantaa River as documentit awready in the 14t century. Helsinki (pronoonced wi the stress on the first syllab: Finnish pronunciation: [ˈhelsiŋki]), is uised tae refer tae the ceety in aw leids except Swadish, Norse an Dens. Helsingfors comes frae the name o the surroondin parish, Helsinge (soorce for Finnish Helsinki) an the rapids (Swadish: fors), which flowed throu the oreeginal veelage. The name Helsinge mey hae oreeginatit wi medieval Swadish settlers who came frae Hälsingland in Swaden. Ithers hae proposed that the name derives frae the Swadish wird hals (neck), referrin tae the nairaest pairt o the river, i.e. the rapids. In Helsinki slang the ceety is kent as Stadi (frae the Swadi...

    Helsinki is spread athort a nummer o bays an peninsulaes an ower a nummer o islands. The inner ceety aurie occupees a soothren peninsulae, which is rarely referred tae bi its actual name Vironniemi. Population densitie in certaint pairts o Helsinki's inner ceety aurie is vera heich, reachin 16,494 inhabitants per square kilometre (42,720/sq mi) in the destrict o Kallio, but as a whole Helsinki's population densitie o 3,050 per square kilometre (7,900/sq mi) ranks it as quite spairsely populatit in comparison tae ither European caipital ceeties. Hintle o Helsinki ootside the inner ceety aurie consists o postwar suburbs separatit frae ilk ither bi patches o forest. A narrae, ten-kilometre-lang (6 mi) Helsinki Central Pairkthat stretches frae the inner ceety tae the northren mairch o Helsinki is an important recreational aurie for residents. Major islands in Helsinki include Seurasaari, Lauttasaari an Korkeasaari – the lattermaist bein the steid o the kintra's biggest zoo. Ither signif...

    Carl Ludvig Engel (1778–1840) wis appointit tae design a new ceety centre aw on his awn. He designed several neoclassical biggins in Helsinki. The focal pynt o Engel's ceety plan is the Senate Square. It is surroondit bi the Govrenment Palace (tae the east), the main biggin o Helsinki University (tae the wast), an (tae the north) the enormous Cathedral, which wis feenished in 1852, twal years efter C. L. Engel's daith. Subsequently, Engel's neoclassical plan stimulatit the epithet, The White Ceety O The North. Helsinki is, hooiver, aiblins even mair famous for its numerous Art Nouveau (Jugend in Finnish) influencit biggins o the romantic naitionalism, designed in the early 1900s an strangly influencit bi the Kalevala, which is a vera popular theme in the naitional romantic airt o that era. Helsinki's Art Nouveau style is featurt in lairge residential auries sic as Katajanokka an Ullanlinna an aw. The maister o the Finnish Art Nouveau wis Eliel Saarinen(1873–1950), whose airchitectur...

    The ceety cooncil o Helsinki consists o aichty-five members. Follaein the maist recent municipal election in 2012, the three lairgest pairties are Naitional Coalition (23), Greens (19), an Social Democrats (15).The mayor, Jussi Pajunen, is a member o the Naitional Coalition Pairty. Lik in aw Finnish municipalities, the Ceety Cooncil o Helsinki is the main deceesion-makin organ in local politics, dealin wi issues sic as ceety plannin, schuils, heal care, an public transport. The 85-member cooncil is elected every fowert year bi municipal elections. Tradeetionally, the conservative Naitional Coalition Pairty (kokoomus) haes been the biggest pairty in Helsinki's local politics, wi the Social Democrats bein the seicont biggest. In the 2000 election the Green League, for which Helsinki is the strangest aurie o support naitionally, gained the poseetion o the seicont maist popular pairty. In 2004 houiver, the Social Democrats regained that poseetion. In 2008 election, the Green Leagueagain...

    Helsinki haes a heicher proportion o weemen (53.4%) than elsewhaur in Finland (51.1%). Helsinki's current population densitie o 2,739.36 fowk per square kilometre is bi far the heichest in Finland. Life expectancy for baith genders is slichtly belaw the naitional averages: 75.1 year for men as compared tae 75.7 year, 81.7 year for weemen as compared tae 82.5 year. Helsinki haes experienced strang growthe syne the 1810s, whan it replacit Turku as the caipital o the Grand Duchy o Finland, which later became the sovereign Republic o Finland. The ceety continued tae shaw strang growt frae that time onwards, wi the exception durin the Finnish Ceevil War period. Frae the end o Warld War II up till the 1970s thare wis a massive exodus o fowk frae the kintraside tae the ceeties o Finland, in pairticular Helsinki. Atween 1944 an 1969 the population o the ceety nearly doubled frae 275,000.tae 525,600. In the 1960s, the population growthe o Helsinki proper began tae ebb mainly due tae lack o h...

    The Helsinki metropolitan aurie generates approximately ane third o Finland's GDP. GDP per caipita is roughly 1.3 times the naitional average. The metropolitan aurie's gross value addit per caipita is 200% o the mean o 27 European metropolitan auries, equallin those o Stockholm or Paris. The gross value addit annual growthe haes been aroond 4%. 83 o the 100 lairgest Finnish companies are heidquartered in Greater Helsinki. Twa-thirds o the 200 heichest-peyed Finnish executives live in Greater Helsinki an 42% in Helsinki. The average income o the tap 50 earners wis 1.65 million euro. The tap water is o excellent quality an it is suppleed bi 120 km (75 mi) lang Päijänne Water Tunnel, ane o the warld's langest continuous rock tunnels. Bottled Helsinki tap water is even sauld tae kintras sic as Saudi Arabie.

    Helsinki haes 190 comprehensive schuils, 41 upper seicontar schuils an 15 vocational institutes. Hauf o the 41 upper seicondar schuils are private or state-awned, the ither hauf municipal. heicher level eddication is gien in aicht varsities (see the section "Varsities" belaw) an fower polytechnics.


    The biggest historical museum in Helsinki is the Naitional Museum o Finland, which displays a vast historical collection frae prehistoric times tae the 21st century. The museum biggin itself, a naitional romantic style neomedieval castle, is a tourist attraction. Ither major historical museum is the Helsinki Ceety Museum, which introduces veesitors tae Helsinki's 500-year history. The Varsity o Helsinkian aa haes mony signeeficant museums, includin the Varsity Museum an the Naitural History M...


    Helsinki haes three major theatres: The Finnish Naitional Theatre, the Helsinki Ceety Theatre, an the Finland Swadish Svenska Teatern. The ceety's main muisical venues are the Finnish Naitional Opera, the Finlandia concert haw an the Helsinki Muisic Centre. The Muisic Centre an aa hooses a pairt o the Sibelius Academy. Bigger concerts an events are uisually held at ane o the ceety's twa big ice hockey arenas: the Hartwall Areena or the Helsinki Ice Hall. Helsinki haes Finland's lairgest fairg...


    Helsinki is home tae twa full-size symphony orchestras, the Helsinki Philharmonic Orchestra an the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, baith o which perform at the Helsinki Muisic Centre concert haw. Acclaimed contemporary componers Kaija Saariaho, Magnus Lindberg, Esa-Pekka Salonen an Einojuhani Rautavaara, amang ithers, wur born an raised in Helsinki, an studied at the Sibelius Academy. The Finnish Naitional Opera, the anly full-time, professional opera company in Finland, is locatit in Helsi...

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  4. Helsinki Airport is an important transfer airport between Europe and Asia. In 2018, Helsinki Airport handled approximately 3.7 million transfer passengers, which is 21.0% more than in 2017. At the beginning of 2018, over 140 weekly flights were flown directly from Helsinki to Asia.

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