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  1. Bavaria - The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia - Bible Encyclopedia

    www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tje/b/bavaria.html

    When, in 1442, Duke Albrecht, surnamed for this act "the Pious," banished them from forty towns and villages of Upper Bavaria, they found refuge in Lower Bavaria under Henry of Landshut, who, with his well-known reputation for accepting gifts from all sides, welcomed the Jews and their not inconsiderable contributions: indeed, he is said to ...

  2. 10+ Ancestors genealogy ideas | ancestor, genealogy, family tree

    www.pinterest.com/bambiereed/ancestors-genealogy

    Nov 8, 2018 - Explore Bambie's board "Ancestors genealogy" on Pinterest. See more ideas about ancestor, genealogy, family tree.

  3. Thirty Years' War | Military Wiki | Fandom

    military.wikia.org/wiki/Thirty_Years'_War
    • Origins of The War
    • The Bohemian Revolt
    • Danish Intervention
    • Swedish Intervention
    • French Intervention
    • Peace of Westphalia
    • Casualties and Disease
    • Witch Hunts
    • Political Consequences
    • Fiction
    • See Also
    • External Links

    The Peace of Augsburg (1555), signed by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, confirmed the result of the 1526 Diet of Speyer, ending the war between German Lutherans and Catholics, and establishing that: 1. Rulers of the 224 German states could choose the religion (Lutheranism or Catholicism) of their realms according to their consciences, and compel their subjects to follow that faith (the principle of cuius regio, eius religio). 2. Lutherans living in a prince-bishopric (a state ruled by a Cathol...

    Without heirs, Emperor Matthias sought to assure an orderly transition during his lifetime by having his dynastic heir (the fiercely Catholic Ferdinand of Styria, later Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor) elected to the separate royal thrones of Bohemia and Hungary. Some of the Protestant leaders of Bohemia feared they would be losing the religious rights granted to them by Emperor Rudolf II in his Letter of Majesty (1609). They preferred the Protestant Frederick V, elector of the Palatinate (s...

    Peace following the Imperial victory at Stadtlohn was short-lived, with conflict resuming at the initiation of Denmark. Danish involvement, referred to as Low Saxon War or Kejserkrigen (\\"Emperor's War\\"), began when Christian IV of Denmark, a Lutheran who was also the Duke of Holstein, a duchy within the Holy Roman Empire, helped the Lutheran rulers of neighbouring Lower Saxony by leading an army against the Imperial forces. Denmark had feared that its sovereignty as a Protestant nation was th...

    Some within Ferdinand II's court did not trust Wallenstein, believing that he sought to join forces with the German Princes and thus gain influence over the Emperor. Ferdinand II dismissed Wallenstein in 1630. He was later to recall him, after the Swedes, led by King Gustavus Adolphus, had successfully invaded the Holy Roman Empire and turned the tables on the Catholics.Like Christian IV before him, Gustavus Adolphus came to aid the German Lutherans, to forestall Catholic aggression against h...

    France, although Roman Catholic, was a rival of the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. Cardinal Richelieu, the Chief Minister of King Louis XIII of France, considered the Habsburgs too powerful, since they held a number of territories on France's eastern border, including portions of the Netherlands. Richelieu had already begun intervening indirectly in the war in January 1631, when the French diplomat Hercule de Charnacé signed the Treaty of Bärwalde with Gustavus Adolphus, by which France agreed...

    Over a four-year period, the parties (Holy Roman Emperor, France and Sweden) were actively negotiating at Osnabrück and Münster in Westphalia. The end of the war was not brought about by one treaty but instead by a group of treaties such as the Treaty of Hamburg.On 15 May 1648, the Peace of Münster was signed ending the Thirty Years' War. Over five months later, on 24 October, the Treaties of Münster and Osnabrück were signed.

    So great was the devastation brought about by the war that estimates put the reduction of population in the German states at about 25% to 40%. Some regions were affected much more than others. For example, Württemberg lostthree-quarters of its population during the war. In the territory of Brandenburg, the losses had amounted to half, while in some areas an estimated two-thirds of the population died. The male population of the German states was reduced by almost half. The population of the C...

    Among the great traumas abetted by the war was a major outbreak of witchcraft persecutions that followed the first phase of the conflict. This wave of witch-hunting first erupted in the territories of the Franconian Circle, but the turmoil unleashed by the war enabled the hysteria to spread quickly to other parts of Germany. Residents of areas that had been devastated not only by the conflict itself, but also by various crop failures, famines and plagues, were quick to blame these calamities...

    One result of the war was the division of Germany into many territories — all of which, despite their membership in the Empire, won de facto sovereignty. This limited the power of the Holy Roman Empire and decentralized German power.The Thirty Years' War rearranged the European power structure. The last decade of the conflict saw clear signs of Spain weakening. While Spain was fighting in France, Portugal — which had been under personal union with Spain for 60 years — acclaimed John IV of Bra...

    1. Vida y hechos de Estebanillo González, hombre de buen humor, compuesta por él mismo (Antwerp, 1646). The last of the great Spanish Golden Age picaresque novels, set against the background of the Thirty Years' War and thought to be authored by a writer in the entourage of Ottavio Piccolomini. The main character crisscrosses Europe at war in his role as messenger, witnessing, among other events, the 1634 battle of Nordlingen. 2. Simplicius Simplicissimus (1668) by Hans Jakob Christoffel von...

    1. List of wars and disasters by death toll 2. Scotland and the Thirty Years' War 3. Second Thirty Years War

    1. The Thirty Years' War – Czech republic 2. Thirty Years' War – LoveToKnow 1911 3. The Thirty Years War – The Catholic Encyclopedia 4. The Thirty Years War LearningSite 5. Thirty Years War Timeline 6. Project \\"Peace of Westphalia\\" (among others with Essay Volumes of the 26th Exhibition of the Council of Europe \\"1648: War and Peace in Europe\\", 1998/99) 7. History of the Thirty Years' War by Friedrich von Schiller at Project Gutenberg 8. The Thirty Years War 9. BBC Radio4 documentary – The In...

  4. Courtly Lives - The Odrovans and the Church

    www.angelfire.com/mi4/polcrt/OdroCh.html

    Poppo, was the first Bishop of Cracow. Poppo had previously been employed (as a tutor) in the court of Duke Henry of Bavaria, until 983. Other early bishops were: St. Stanislaus Szczepanowski (1072-1079) and John Prandota (1242-1266). The greatest contribution to the internal conversion of the population was made by these monastic communities.

  5. Agnes von Mansfeld-Eisleben - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agnes_von_Mansfeld-Eisleben

    Agnes von Mansfeld-Eisleben (1551–1637) was Countess of Mansfeld and the daughter of Johann (Hans) Georg I, of Mansfeld Eisleben. She converted Gebhard, Seneschal of Waldburg, the Prince-Elector of Electorate of Cologne and archbishop of the Diocese of Cologne to the Protestant faith, leading to the Cologne War (1583–1588).

  6. Wikipedia:Bots/Requests for approval/Erik9bot 9/dry run 2 ...

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Bots/Requests...

    The bot, when running as configured on 04:02, 2 June 2009 (UTC), identified the following articles as unsourced, and would have added template:unreferenced or a dated subcategory of category:articles lacking sources to them, based on the current versions at such time:

  7. webGED: Thornton Family List Data Page

    homepages.rootsweb.com/~gwinslow/Thornton/wga2.html

    His mother Bertha later marr Pepin. He was b 742 m Himiltrude who was repuditated so he could marry (2) Disideria dau of Desiderius. She was repudiated becasue of father's actions. Charlemagne died 28 Jan 814 age 72. bur Aix-la-Chapelle. His dau Luitbergia mar Duke Tassilo of Bavaria. 3 sons: Charles dd 810; Pepin d 811; Louis.

  8. Sons of the Harlot Empress | Page 18 | alternatehistory.com

    www.alternatehistory.com/forum/threads/sons-of...

    Feb 04, 2016 · Henry, however, was to be diverted yet again, this time by the enterprise of the young King Lothair II of France, the son of the late Louis V. Possibly to fulfill his marital alliance with the emperor, but more likely to assert his family’s own longstanding claim to Lotharingia, Lothair invaded Henry’s kingdom in 1032. The attack was more ...

  9. Full text of "A brief history of Bavaria"

    archive.org/stream/briefhistoryofba00normiala/...

    audio All audio latest This Just In Grateful Dead Netlabels Old Time Radio 78 RPMs and Cylinder Recordings. Live Music Archive. Top ... Full text of "A brief history ...

  10. AP European History Prep Flashcards | Quizlet

    quizlet.com/5424216/ap-european-history-prep...

    Edward IV successfully seized power from Henry VI and instituted a strong-arm rule that lasted 20 years. Richard III then took the throne from Edward's son.This conflict came to an end at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, when Henry Tudor of Lancaster won. He became Henry VII, the first Tudor king.

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