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  1. 1479 - Wikipedia

    May 3 – Henry V, Duke of Mecklenburg (d. 1552) May 5 – Guru Amar Das, third Sikh Guru (d. 1574) May 12 – Pompeo Colonna, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1532) June 14 – Giglio Gregorio Giraldi, Italian scholar and poet (d. 1552) June 15 – Lisa del Giocondo, believed to be the subject of the Mona Lisa (d. 1542)

  2. German Confederation - Wikipedia

    The German Confederation (German: Deutscher Bund) was an association of 39 predominantly German-speaking sovereign states in Central Europe, created by the Congress of Vienna in 1815 as a replacement of the former Holy Roman Empire, which had been dissolved in 1806.

  3. 1778 - Wikipedia

    1778 (MDCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar, the 1778th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 778th year of the 2nd millennium, the 78th year of the 18th century, and the 9th year of the 1770s decade.

  4. Frederick County, Virginia - Wikipedia

    After their son, Lord Thomas Fairfax, inherited the combined grants, he controlled over 5,000,000 acres of land in Virginia, including much of the land that became Frederick County. Frederick County was created from Orange County in 1738, and was officially organized in 1743.

  5. History of Latvia - Wikipedia

    The history of Latvia began around 9000 BC with the end of the last glacial period in northern Europe.Ancient Baltic peoples arrived in the area during the second millennium BC, and four distinct tribal realms in Latvia's territory were identifiable towards the end of the first millennium AD.

  6. List of films based on actual events - Wikipedia

    This is a list of films that are based on actual events. Not all movies have remained true to the genuine history of the event or the characters they are portraying, often adding action and drama to increase the substance and popularity of the movie. True story movies gained popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s with

  7. Spisak okruga Virdžinije - Wikipediažinije

    Charlotte od Mecklenburg-Strelitza, supruga Georgea III: 12.472 475 sq mi (1.230 km 2) Chesterfield County: 041: Chesterfield: 25. maj 1749: Od okruga Henrico: Philip Stanhope, 4. earl od Chesterfielda, britanski političar i Lord ložnice: 322.388

  8. Charlotte Fitzroy Palmer (The Diary of Samuel Pepys)

    Nov 03, 2020 · Col. Sir Edward Henry Lee, Earl of Lichfield was a dedicated Tory and zealous follower of James II. He was Colonel of the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards in 1688 and served as Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1687-1689. He died in 1716 and the Countess died two years later.

    • Potential Heir
    • Paris
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    After his father's defeat at the end of the English Civil War, Henry (unlike his older brothers, who escaped with their mother to France) was captured and brought to London. His captivity was largely shared by his elder sister Elizabeth. He was lodged in the royal apartments in the White Tower of the Tower of London, under the "protection" of the Republican army. During the debates among Republican army leaders Oliver Cromwell and Henry Ireton about what kind of regime should succeed the now abolished rule of Charles I, it was briefly suggested that the young prince might be placed on the throne, and made to govern as the kind of limited, constitutional monarch that Parliament wanted. Part of the motivation for this came from the perception that, unlike his brothers Charles and James, he was sufficiently young to have not yet been "corrupted" by the Catholic and absolutist views of his mother and father, and might be brought up by tutors who shared the Parliamentary perspective. How...

    Eventually, in 1652, Oliver Cromwell agreed to release Henry, and he travelled to join his mother and brothers in Paris; however, at least some of the influences that Cromwell had hoped to exert appeared to have been successful, as Henry had become a staunch Protestant, and quarrelled bitterly with his mother over matters of religion and politics; it is said their dislike for one another reached such a level that Henrietta virtually expelled him from Paris, and he went to join the Spanish armies fighting at Dunkirk. Henry consistently distinguished himself in battle, and gradually gained a reputation as one of Europe's foremost Protestant soldiers. It was during the course of the campaign that he met the renegade French military commander the Prince of Condé, who was leading the Spanish forces; their common dislike for the Roman Catholic Church (Condé was an agnostic and one of the leading defenders of the Huguenots), created a strong bond between them; not long before his death, it...

    After the conclusion of peace between France and Spain, Henry resided at one of Condé's estates, until the death of Oliver Cromwell and the gradual collapse of the Commonwealth led to calls for the restoration of the monarchy, and he was reunited with Charles. He returned to England as part of Charles's triumphant progress through London in May 1660, and took up residence in Whitehall. Charles II planned to engage Henry to Princess Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark to consolidate the British and Danish maritime alliances, and Frederick III of Denmarkalso agreed to the marriage.

    In 1659 Henry was formally created Duke of Gloucester and Earl of Cambridge by Charles II, but suddenly died of smallpox shortly after, much to his brother's distress. Decades later, during the exclusion crisis, Henry was looked back on as a kind of 'lost leader'; as what might have been a legitimate, warlike, Protestant alternative to the unpalatable claims of the Catholic Duke of York and illegitimate Duke of Monmouth. He was buried in the south side of the Henry VII Chapel, Westminster Abbey, on 21 September 1660.


    Though it is said that he was created Duke of Gloucester and Earl of Cambridge on 13 May 1659, he was probably styled as such from birth. He is styled the Duke of Gloucester in a letter directed to Theobald Lord Taaffein 1642/43.


    1. KG: Knight of the Garter, 4 April 1653


    Henry's arms were those of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points, on each a rose gules.

    Chester, Joseph Lemuel, ed. (1876), The Marriage, Baptismal, and Burial Registers of the Collegiate Church or Abbey of St. Peter, Westminster, London: Harleian Society
    Louda, Jiří; Maclagan, Michael (1999) [1981], Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe (2nd ed.), London: Little, Brown, ISBN 978-0-316-84820-6
    Weir, Alison (1996), Britain's Royal Families: A Complete Genealogy (Revised ed.), London: Pimlico, ISBN 978-0-7126-7448-5
  9. West Virginia - Wikipedia

    West Virginia coal exports declined 40% in 2013—a loss of $2.9 billion and overall total exports declined 26%. West Virginia ranked last in the Gallup Economic Index for the fourth year running. West Virginia's score was −44, or a full 17 points lower than the average of −27 for the other states in the bottom ten.

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