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  1. Apr 26, 2022 · Henry III Reign: 19 October 1216 – 16 November 1272 Coronation: 28 October 1216, Gloucester 17 May 1220, Westminster Abbey Predecessor: John Successor: Edward I Regent William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1216–1219) Hubert de Burgh, 1st Earl of Kent (1219–1227) Consort Eleanor of Provence Issue: Edward I of England Margaret, Queen of Scots

    • October 01, 1207
  2. Henry III (1 October 1207 – 16 November 1272), also known as Henry of Winchester, was King of England, Lord of Ireland, and Duke of Aquitaine from 1216 until his death in 1272. [1] The son of King John and Isabella of Angoulême, Henry assumed the throne when he was only nine in the middle of the First Barons' War.

    • Early Years
    • Regency
    • Marriage and Family
    • War with France
    • Wales
    • Conflict with The Barons
    • Later Years

    King Henry III was born 1st October 1207 to King Johnand Isabella of Angouleme at Winchester Castle. He was the eldest of the couple’s five children. His brother Richard was born in 1209 and his sisters Joan, Isabella and Eleanor were born in 1210, 1214 and 1215 respectively. Henry was tutored by the Bishop of Winchester, Peter des Roches. He was a...

    On 18th October 1216, Henry’s father, King John died. Henry, aged 9 years became King. His coronation took place on 28th October 1216 at Gloucester Cathedral. Henry was too young to rule the country so William Marshal was appointed regent until he came of age. Under Marshal’s regency the conflict with the Barons was finally resolved by the Treaty o...

    King Henry III married Eleanor of Provence at Canterbury Cathedral on 14th January 1236. On the same day Eleanor was crowned Queen of England at Westminster Abbey. Henry was 28 and Eleanor was aged 12 so the marriage was not consummated until Eleanor was 14 years old. The couple had five children: Edward born 18th June 1239 Margaret born 29th Septe...

    Henry wanted to reclaim the lands in France lost by his father. In May 1230 he left England at the head of an army but six months later, having made no gains had to agree a truce with France. In 1242 Henry made a second attempt to reclaim the land but was defeated at Taillebourg. A third invasion of France in 1254 fared no better and in 1258 Henry ...

    In 1240 Llewelyn the Great of Wales died. Henry immediately took control of North Wales. In 1256 Llywelyn ap Gruffydd rebelled against the English and declared himself Prince of Wales but within a year he was defeated by Henry and Prince Edward and Wales remained under English control.

    By 1234 the Barons were becoming restless again and rebelled against the strong influence of the French at court. On the advice of the Archbishop of Canterbury, Henry dismissed his chief advisor, Peter des Roches. In 1254 Henry had made an agreement with Pope Innocent III for his son, Edmund to become King of Sicily. However, Innocent died and the ...

    With the Barons subdued Henry turned his attention to rebuilding Westminster Abbey and his son joined the eighth crusade. King Henry III died on 16th November 1272 and was buried in Westminster Abbey. He was succeeded by his son Edward, who became King Edward I.

    • Birth and Early Childhood
    • Henry III’s Father and The Magna Carta
    • When Was Henry III Crowned King of England?
    • Second Half of The First Barons’ War
    • Re-Issuance of The Magna Carta
    • Henry III Versus Prince Louis
    • Challenges During Henry III’s Reign
    • Reign
    • Henry III’s Use of Diplomacy to Take Back His Lands in France
    • Henry III’s Debt to The Papacy

    He was born in Winchester Castle in Winchester, England, on October 1, 1207. His parents were English monarchs King John of England (1166-1216) and Isabella Angouleme (1186-1246). He had four siblings and nine half-siblings (children from his mother’s marriage to Hugh X of Lusignan, Count of La Marche). All of his siblings survived into adulthood. ...

    Henry III was named after his grandfather, Henry II, a great expansionist who capitalized on the frailties of the French crown to expand into Normandy, Brittany, and Anjou, among other territories in northwest France. Henry II’s successor Richard I were able to consolidate their holdings in France; however, during the reign of John, England lost so...

    Before King John’s death, a regency council of thirteen men was set up to help steer the affairs of the kingdom during Henry’s minority (1216-1226). The council was headed by William Marshal, 1stEarl of Pembroke, the statesman who not only served Henry III but four other English kings, including Henry I, Richard I, and John. Read more: William Mars...

    By the time Henry III was crowned his kingdom was in disarray as rebel barons controlled about half of England. He leveraged on his close ties with Rome to stave off support for the rebel barons. In exchange for the Papacy’s support, Henry III agreed to recognize the Pope as the feudal lord of England. As the First Barons’ War raged on, Henry III c...

    Henry enticed rebel barons to his side by promising to restore their lands and titles. He also struck a deal with the barons by reissuing a version of the Magna Carta. The action of the young king proved to be a miscalculation as many barons got more incensed. Fearing that Prince Louis’ reinforcement could tip the war in favor of the rebel barons, ...

    In 1217, William Marshal faced off against Louis and his English allies at the Battle of Lincoln. In that battle, many of the rebels were captured by William Marshal. The regent also took the city of Lincoln. After Henry III defeated the rebels in 1217, Prince Louis’ influence in England evaporated. The French prince then sued for peace before head...

    For large parts of his 56-year reign, his royal authority was really low, compared to the kings that came before him. This was partly due to the incessant reforms that English barons pursued. Many of the rebel barons and loyalist barons blatantly refused to follow instructions of the king and his regency government. On many occasions, county sherif...

    After the death of William Marshal, statesmen like Pandulf Verraccio, Peter des Roches, and Hubert de Burgh came to the fore. Unfortunately, there was quite a lot of bad blood between Hubert and des Roches. Hubert accused des Roches of treason and had him removed as the king’s guardian. Hubert then became the leader of the government. When Henry to...

    Because he could not compete with the France’s king in terms of resources, Henry III took a non military approach to take back his lands in France. The English monarch used diplomacy by going into alliances with a number of states that could pile up pressure on France in order to relinquish those lands. This meant that he had to get heavily involve...

    Henry’s war for the control of Sicily racked up a lot of debt. Much of that debt was owed to the Papacy. In 1258, Pope Alexander IV threatened to excommunicate Henry should he fail to honor his debt.

  3. King Henry III Of England Print Family Tree Born 1 October 1207 - Winchester Castle, Winchester, England Deceased 16 November 1272 - Westminster, England,aged 65 years old Parents King John I Of England 1167-1216 Isabella Of Angouleme 1187-1246 Spouses and children

  4. Discover the family tree of HENRY III OF ENGLAND for free, and learn about their family history and their ancestry.

  5. Feb 01, 2022 · Henry, III (1207 – 1272) – Genealogy – geni family tree. Jan 22, 2019 · Genealogy profile for Henry III, king of England Henry, III (1207 – 1272) – Genealogy Genealogy for Henry, III (1207 – 1272) family tree on Geni, with over 230 million profiles of ancestors and living relatives.

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