Henry the Proud (German: Heinrich der Stolze) (c. 1108 – 20 October 1139), a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Bavaria (as Henry X) from 1126 to 1138 and Duke of Saxony (as Henry II) as well as Margrave of Tuscany and Duke of Spoleto from 1137 until his death.
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Henry was the second son of Duke Welf I of Bavaria (d. 1101) from his marriage with Judith, daughter of Count Baldwin IV of Flanders. As a young man, he administered the family's Esteproperty south of the Alps. Through his marriage to Wulfhilde, daughter of Duke Magnus of Saxony, about 1095, he acquired part of the Billung estates around Lüneburg (the nucleus of the later Welf duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg). He aspired to succeed his father-in-law as Saxon duke when Magnus died without male heirs in 1106, but was denied as the new king Henry V enfeoffed his follower Count Lothair of Supplinburg. Duke Henry nevertheless upheld close relations with the ruling Salian dynasty. In 1116, he joined Emperor Henry V's second Italian campaign to seize the estates of late Margravine Matilda of Tuscany. He succeeded his elder brother Welf II as Bavarian duke, when the latter died childless in 1120. Henry was also instrumental in bringing abou...
Henry and Wulfhilde had the following children: 1. Judith, married Frederick II, Duke of Swabia 2. Conrad(died 17 March 1126) 3. Henry X the Proud, married Gertrude of Süpplingenburg, succeeded his father as Duke of Bavaria 4. Welf VI(died 1191) 5. Sophia, married Duke Berthold III of Zähringen and secondly Margrave Leopold of Styria 6. Wulfhild, married Rudolf I, Count of Bregenz 7. Mathilde, married Diepold IV, Margrave of Vohburg and Count Gebhard III of Sulzbach 8. Adalbert, Abbot of CorveyBarber, Malcolm (2004). The Two Cities: Medieval Europe 1050–1320. Routledge.Luscombe, David; Riley-Smith, Jonathan, eds. (2006). The New Cambridge Medieval History. Cambridge University Press.Bernd Schneidmüller: Die Welfen. Herrschaft und Erinnerung (819–1252) (= Urban-Taschenbücher 465). Kohlhammer, Stuttgart etc., 2000, ISBN 3-17-014999-7, pp. 149 ff.Sigmund Ritter von Riezler (1880), "Heinrich IX", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (ADB) (in German), 11, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 461–462Kurt Reindel (1969), "Heinrich IX. der Schwarze", Neue Deutsche Biographie (NDB) (in German), 8, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 343–343; (full text online)
Deed of Henry IX for Ranshofen Abbey, 30 July 1125, "digitalised image". Photograph Archive of Old Original Documents (Lichtbildarchiv älterer Originalurkunden). University of Marburg.
Henry IX (1075 – 13 December 1126), called the Black, a member of the House of Welf, was duke of Bavaria from 1120 to 1126. Life and reign. Henry was the second son of Welf I, Duke of Bavaria and Judith of Flanders. As a young man, he administered the family's property south of the Alps.
Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Henry Duke of Bavaria (1074–13 Dec 1126), Find a Grave Memorial no. 115057770, citing Weingarten Abbey, Landkreis Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany ; Maintained by Jerry D. Ferren (contributor 48024221) .
- 13 Dec 1126 (aged 51–52), Landkreis Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
- Weingarten Abbey, Landkreis Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany
Henry IX (1075 – 13 December 1126), called the Black, a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Bavaria from 1120 to 1126. (en) Henri IX de Bavière, dit Henri le Noir (allemand: Heinrich der Schwarze) , né vers 1074 mort le 13 décembre 1126, est duc de Bavière de 1120 à 1126.
Henry IX (1075 – 13 December 1126), called the Black, a member of the House of Welf, was Duke of Bavaria from 1120 to 1126.. Life and reign. Henry was the second son of Duke Welf I of Bavaria (died 1101) from his marriage with Judith, daughter of Count Baldwin IV of Flanders.
Welf I (died 6 November 1101, Paphos) was duke of Bavaria from 1070 to 1077 and from 1096 to his death. He was the first member of the Welf branch of the House of Este. In the Welf genealogy he is counted as Welf IV. Welf was the son of Azzo II of Este and his wife Chuniza of Altdorf.
His duchy was given to Lothair of Supplinburg and his lands were split between his daughters by Sophia (married 1071), daughter of Béla I of Hungary, going thusly to the houses of Welf and Ascania, for Wulfhilde (1075 – 1126) married Duke Henry IX of Bavaria and Eilika (1080 – 16 January 1142) married Count Otto of Ballenstedt.