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  1. Henry M. Leland was born to Leander and Zilpha, the youngest of 8, in Vermont in 1843. Sources differ on the town of his birth (Danville versus Barton); he grew up in Barton. He learned engineering and precision machining in the Brown & Sharpe plant at Providence, Rhode Island.

    • Liberty L-12

      The Liberty L-12 is an American water-cooled 45° V-12...

    • Early years

      Henry M. Leland was born to Leander and Zilpha, the youngest...

    • Cadillac

      Leland created the Cadillac automobile, later bought out by...

    • Lincoln

      Leland formed the Lincoln Motor Company in 1917 with a...

    • Politics

      Progressivism in Detroit was energized by upper middle class...

    • Personal life

      Leland was the son of Leander Leland and Zilpha Tifft. He...

    • Early Years
    • Cadillac
    • Lincoln
    • Politics
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    Henry M. Leland was born to Leander and Zilpha, the youngest of 8, in Vermont in 1843. Sources differ on the town of his birth (Danville versus Barton); he grew up in Barton. He learned engineering and precision machining in the Brown & Sharpe plant at Providence, Rhode Island. He subsequently worked in the firearms industry, including at Colt. These experiences in toolmaking, metrology, and manufacturing steeped him in the 19th-century zeitgeist of interchangeability. He applied this expertise to the nascent motor industry as early as 1870 as a principal in the machine shop Leland & Faulconer, and later was a supplier of engines to Ransom E. Olds's Olds Motor Vehicle Company, later to be known as Oldsmobile. He also invented the electric barber clippers, and for a short time produced a unique toy train, the Leland-Detroit Monorail.

    Leland created the Cadillac automobile, later bought out by General Motors. In 1902, William Murphy and his partners at the Henry Ford Company hired Leland to appraise the company's factory and tooling prior to liquidation. Leland completed the appraisal, but he advised Murphy and his partners that they were making a mistake to liquidate, and suggested they instead reorganize, building a new car powered by a single-cylinder engine Leland had originally developed for Oldsmobile. The directors lost no time in renaming the company Cadillac. At Cadillac, Leland applied many modern manufacturing principles to the fledgling automotive industry, including the use of interchangeable parts. Alfred P. Sloan, longtime president and chair of General Motors, considered Leland to be "one of those mainly responsible for bringing the technique of interchangeable parts into automobile manufacturing." The Cadillac won the Dewar Trophyfor 1908. Leland sold Cadillac to General Motors on July 29, 1909 f...

    Leland founded Lincoln. Leland formed the Lincoln Motor Company, got a $10,000,000 contract and started building the V12 Liberty engine. After the war, the company was reorganized, and the Lincoln Motor Company Plantwas retooled to manufacture luxury automobiles. The V8 engine used in the first Lincoln automobiles is said to be influenced by the Liberty engine's design. In 1922, Lincoln became insolvent and was bought out by Henry Ford's Ford Motor Company. Ford's bid of $8 million was the only bid at a receivers sale. Ford had first offered $5 million, but the judge would not accept it for a well-equipped company whose assets were conservatively estimated at $16 million.Ford deliberately low-balled his offer as revenge against Leland's role in the creation of Cadillac. After the sale, Leland and his son Wilfred continued to run the company, believing they would still have full control to run the company as they saw fit. Ford assigned a number of their people to Lincoln, they said t...

    Progressivismin Detroit was energized by upper middle class men and women who felt a civic duty to uplift society by freeing it from the tyranny of corrupt politicians who worked hand in hand with unscrupulous saloonkeepers. Leland was an important leader, with his base in the Detroit Citizens League. Supported by Detroit's business, professional, and Protestant religious communities, the League campaigned for a new city charter in 1918, an anti-saloon ordinance, and the open shop whereby a worker could get a job even if he did not belong to a labor union.

    Leland was the son of Leander Leland and Zilpha Tifft. He married Ellen Rhoda Hull b. 04/24/1846 - 01/15/1914 (daughter of Elias Hull). They had three children: Martha Gertrude b.1868 - ?; Wilfred Chester b. 11/07/1869 - 1958; and Miriam Edith b. 1872 - 1894. They were all born in Millbury, Massachusetts. Henry M. Leland died in Detroit on March 26, 1932. He is buried there in Woodmere Cemetery.

    Bak, Richard. Henry and Edsel : The Creation of the Ford Empire. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-23487-7.
    Lacey, Robert (1986). Ford: The Men and the Machine. Boston: Little, Brown & Company. ISBN 978-0-316-51166-7. LCCN 86010642.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link).
    Roe, Joseph Wickham (1916), English and American Tool Builders, New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, LCCN 16011753. Reprinted by McGraw-Hill, New York and London, 1926 (LCCN 27-24075); an...
    Sloan, Alfred P. (1964), McDonald, John (ed.), My Years with General Motors, Garden City, NY, US: Doubleday, LCCN 64011306, OCLC 802024. Republished in 1990 with a new introduction by Peter Drucker...
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  3. Henry M. Leland. Henry Leland en 1909. Henry Martyn Leland ( 16 de febrero de 1843 - 26 de marzo de 1932) fue un maquinista, inventor, ingeniero y empresario automotriz estadounidense. Fundó las dos principales marcas automotrices de lujo estadounidenses, Cadillac y Lincoln.

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    Henry Martyn Leland naît le 16 février 1843 à Danville, État du Vermont, dans une modeste ferme, huitième enfant de Leander B. Leland (né en 1803) et de Zylpha Tiff (née en 1810). Son père est conducteur d'un chariot couvert attelé à huit chevaux qui assure la liaison entre Boston, dans le Massachusetts, et Montréal, au Canada. Il reçoit 15 $ par mois pour ce travail et le quotidien de la famille est difficile. Mais c'est une famille de quakers qui assume sa condition sans se plaindre[N 1]. Pourtant, à 11 ans, Henry décide de travailler pour aider sa famille. Il met au point un système permettant de dépiauter les soles qu'il parvient à vendre pour la somme d'un mois de salaire de son père.

    Bibliographie

    : document utilisé comme source pour la rédaction de cet article. 1. Fabien Sabatès, Les plus belles années Cadillac, Massin éditeur, 1990 (ISBN 978-2-7072-0170-6) 2. (en) Karl Ludvigsen et David Burgess Wise, The Encyclopedia of American Automobile, Chartwell Books Inc, 1977 3. (en) Editors of Consumer Guide, Cadillac Standard of Excellence, Castle Books, 1980(LCCCN 80-81207) 4. (en) Joseph Wickham Roe, English and American Tool Builders, New Haven, Yale University Press, 1916 (ISBN 978-0-91...

  4. Henry M. Leland. Henry Martin Leland, född den 16 februari 1843 i Barton, Vermont, död 26 mars 1932 i Detroit, Michigan, amerikansk ingenjör, entreprenör och uppfinnare. Leland började med högprecisionstillverkning inom vapenindustrin, där bra toleranser krävdes, innan han så tidigt som 1870 började tillverka förbränningsmotorer i ...

  5. Wikipedia Wikiquote: Date of birth ... Media in category "Henry M. Leland" This category contains only the following file. Henry Leland.jpg 160 × 228; 19 KB.

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