Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor .
Henry VII, also called (1457–85) Henry Tudor, earl of Richmond, (born January 28, 1457, Pembroke Castle, Pembrokeshire, Wales—died April 21, 1509, Richmond, Surrey, England), king of England (1485–1509), who succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of Lancaster and York and founded the Tudor dynasty.
Henry VII of England From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Henry the VII or Henry Tudor (28 January 1457–21 April 1509) was King of England from 1485 to 1509. He founded the Tudor dynasty by winning the battle of Bosworth Field in 1485.
- The Lancastrian Claim
- Battle of Bosworth
- The Great Pretenders
- Henry's Financial Policies
- Spending: Palaces & Weddings
- Death & Successor
Richard III was one of England’s most unpopular kings, and he was accused of being involved in the murder of the two sons of his brother Edward IV of England (r. 1461-70 & 1471-83 CE) who disappeared from the Tower of London. Richard, having eliminated his nephews, made himself king in 1483 CE. His reign would be short and troubled; it was brought to an end by the rise of Henry Tudor, at the time better known as Henry, Earl of Richmond. Henry was born on 28 January 1457 CE in Pembroke Castle, the son of Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond (l. 1430-1456 CE). Henry was the grandson of the Welsh courtier Owen Tudor (c. 1400-1461 CE) and Catherine of Valois (l. 1401 - c. 1437 CE), the daughter of Charles VI of France (r. 1380-1422 CE), former wife of Henry V of England (r. 1413-1422 CE) and mother of Henry VI of England (r. 1422-61 & 1470-71 CE). Henry Tudor’s mother was Margaret Beaufort (l. c. 1441-1509 CE), the great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster and son of Edward III...
The Lancastrian cause was given a dramatic boost when Richard III’s son and heir, Edward, died on 9 April 1484 CE. On 8 August 1485 CE, the Wars of the Roses reached boiling point when Henry Tudor landed with an army of French mercenaries at Milford Haven in South Wales, a force perhaps no bigger than 5,000 men. Henry’s army swelled in numbers as it marched to face the king’s army at Bosworth Field in Leicestershire on 22 August 1485 CE. Richard, although commanding an army of some 8,000-12,000 men, was, at the last moment, deserted by some of his key allies, and the Earl of Northumberland even refused to engage his troops until he had a clear idea which side was going to win the day. Nevertheless, the king fought bravely and perhaps a little foolishly in his efforts to kill Henry Tudor with his own sword. Richard, although managing to strike down Henry’s standard-bearer, had his horse cut from under him, and the king was killed. The victorious Henry Tudor, according to legend, was...
The War of the Roses might have ended according to the history books but King Henry still had plenty of unrest in his realm. His first problem was that he had few loyal followers, coming as he did from years of exile. This situation had its advantages as the king formed the Privy Chamber and Council of close advisors, allowing him to keep a tight personal hold on the reigns of power and physically limiting access to the royal person. Specialised committees, mostly populated with lawyers, were set the task of ruling the kingdom, all personally supervised by the king. Of the outsiders of the king’s inner circle, the most dangerous were two Yorkists pretenders/imposters to the throne. The first was a joiner’s son, Lambert Simnel (c. 1475 - c. 1535 CE) who claimed he was the Earl of Warwick (nephew of Richard III), an unfortunate boast as the king already had the real earl safely locked up in the Tower of London. Simnel and his supporters were roundly beaten at the Battle of East Stoke...
Not only effective at getting rid of his rivals, Henry was an extremely efficient ruler in terms of finances. Through a mixture of taxes, feudal dues, rents, and fines, Henry was able to double state revenues during his reign. The latter tactic, that is, imposing fines, proved particularly lucrative as the king charged misdemeanours ranging from bad behaviour at court to possessing too many armed retainers. One fiendish financial strategy was to issue a penal bond (recognisance) to anyone already caught guilty of a financial misdemeanour or fine. If a person failed to meet any of his existing financial obligations, then under this second signed declaration, the king could confiscate their property and ruin them. Many nobles were kept under the king’s thumb in this way with a financial guillotine perpetually hovering over them. The number of nobles also went down as the new position of Surveyor of the King’s Wards sought out money that was owed the king and confiscated lands to bolst...
A tight hold on the state’s purse strings did not in any way put Henry off spending on his own projects and displaying his great love of pomp and pageantry, especially medieval tournaments. Royal residences received particular attention with Windsor Castle, the Tower of London, Westminster Abbey (notably the chapel that today bears his name), Richmond Palace and Greenwich Palace all being built or refurbished. The weddings of the king’s children were another area of lavish spending; these included the marriage of the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragonto Henry (b. 1491 CE) who became heir when his older brother Arthur died in 1502 CE aged just 15. The king suffered another tragic blow the next year when Queen Elizabeth died during childbirth aged 37. This marked the decline of the king who retreated to as much a life of solitude as being a monarch allowed. There was some positive news in the first years of the 16th century CE. The king's daughter Margaret (b. 1489 CE) became the Qu...
Henry VII died of ill health on 21 April 1509 CE at Richmond Palace in Surrey. The king was buried alongside his queen in Westminster Abbey, and their tomb was eventually encased in bronzesculpted by Pietro Torrigiano. Henry VII’s fiscal policies might have earned him a certain level of unpopularity - as evidenced by the execution of his two principal lawyers after the king’s own death - but he had set the ship of state on a sure course for future expansion and prosperity. He was succeeded by his eldest namesake son who, aged just 17, was crowned Henry VIII on 24 June 1509 CE. Henry VIII, inheriting a financially sound kingdom, was a young, athletic, and charismatic ruler who would become one of the great kings of English history. His reign would entertain future historians with his search for a male heir and six wives, and it would witness such momentous events as the formation of the Church of England.
- Mark Cartwright
Jan 30, 2019 · About Henry VII of England "Henry VII (Welsh: Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizing the crown on 22 August 1485 until his death on 21 April 1509, as the first monarch of the House of Tudor. Henry won the throne when his forces defeated Richard III at the Battle of Bosworth Field.
Henry VII, King of England Henry VII (Welsh : Harri Tudur; 28 January 1457 – 21 April 1509) was the King of England and Lord of Ireland from his seizure of the crown on 22 August 1485 to his death. He was the first monarch of the House of Tudor.
The founder of the royal Tudor dynasty was Owen Tudor, a well-born Welsh man who served as a squire of the body to England's King Henry V. The King died in 1422 and some years later his widow, Catherine of Valois, is said to have married the handsome Tudor, although it is possible they were never legally married.
Henry VII Tudor, King of England, was born 28 January 1457 in Pembroke Castle, Wales, United Kingdom to Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430-1456) and Margaret Beaufort (1443-1509) and died 21 April 1509 in Richmond Palace, England, United Kingdom of unspecified causes.
- Unknown Breton concubine (c1455)
- Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430-1456)
- Elizabeth of York (1465-1503)
- Henry VII Was The First Tudor King.
- He Died at Age 52.
- What Did Henry VII Die of?
- What Happened After His Death?
Born in 1457, to Margaret Beaufort and Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, Henry Tudor became, through his mother's side of the family, the leading claimant to the Lancastrian throne during the English civil war known as the War of the Roses. Having spent most of his young adulthood in exile in France to evade assassination plots against him, Henry finally won the throne at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485, becoming the first king of the Tudor dynasty at the age of 28. After ascending the thr...
Henry VII fell ill at some time in late 1508, and in February of 1509 travelled to Richmond Palace, south of London. While it's not clear if he was aware of severity of his health issues, he did reportedly stop receiving visitors on state business after his move and seems to have undergone a steady decline. By late April, it was obvious to those close to the king that death was approaching and Henry received Sacraments in keeping with his Catholic faith. According to writings by John Fisher,...
Evidence from the time suggests that Henry VII died of tuberculosis. Particularly considering the long, wasting trajectory of the disease, this is the generally accepted conclusion by scholars, however, as is the case with many historical deaths, limited concrete evidence remains.
Though in the later years of his life Henry VII had seemed conflicted about the possibility of his remaining son, Henry VIII, marrying Catherine of Aragon, the widow of Prince Arthur, (the king had sought a papal dispensation to allow Henry VIII to take Catherine as a bride—they were, in the eyes of the Catholic church, brother and sister as a consequence of her marriage to Arthur—but had also explored the possibility of marrying Catherine himself) Henry VIII did go on to wed Catherine, makin...
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