Jun 20, 2022 · The hippocampus is a part of the brain found in the inner folds of the bottom middle section of the brain, known as the temporal lobe. The main functions of the hippocampus involve human...
hippocampus, region of the brain that is associated primarily with memory. The name hippocampus is derived from the Greek hippokampus (hippos, meaning “horse,” and kampos, meaning “sea monster”), since the structure’s shape resembles that of a sea horse. The hippocampus, which is located in the inner (medial) region of the temporal lobe, forms part of the limbic system, which is particularly important in regulating emotional responses.
Some researchers regard the hippocampus as part of a larger medial temporal lobe memory system responsible for general declarative memory (memories that can be explicitly verbalized – these would include, for example, memory for facts in addition to episodic memory). The hippocampus also encodes emotional context from the amygdala. This is partly why returning to a location where an emotional event occurred may evoke that emotion.
Oct 18, 2022 · As part of the limbic system, the hippocampus has three primary functions: forming new memories, learning, and emotions. 1 It is susceptible to damage from injury, stress, and disease, including psychiatric and neurological conditions such as Alzheimer's, schizophrenia, and depression.
Dec 5, 2022 · The hippocampus is a paired structure present in each temporal lobe of the brain. It takes its name from the Greek word for the seahorse, because it resembles this small upright-swimming fish. The hippocampus is part of a larger structure of the temporal lobe called the hippocampal formation. The hippocampal formation extends from the amygdala anteriorly, to the splenium of the corpus callosum posteriorly.
The hippocampus is a small but complex brain structure that plays an important role in the process of learning and the formation of new memories. The word hippocampus comes from the Greek words “hippo”, meaning horse, and “kampos”, meaning sea monster. Together, hippocampus translates to seahorse monster, or just "seahorse,” and refers to the hippocampus ’ seahorse-like shape.
Jun 7, 2021 · The hippocampus is an essential part of the brain’s limbic system, a group of brain structures in the cerebral cortex responsible for behavioral and emotional responses. Hippocampal function plays a critical role in learning, emotional responses, and memory formation and storage.