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  2. Aug 09, 2017 · When the Spanish-American War broke out in April of 1898, Guam was under Spanish control (as it had been since the 1600s). The U.S. was actually more interested in conquering the Spanish ...

    • Becky Little
    • Ancient Guam – The Chamorro
    • The Latte Stone – Guam Icon
    • The Spanish Era
    • Influence of The Catholic Church
    • The Spanish Treasure Galleons

    The original inhabitants of Guam are believed to have been of Indo-Malaya descent originating from Southeast Asia as early as 2,000 B.C., and having linguistic and cultural similarities to Malaysia, Indonesia and the Philippines. The Chamorro flourished as an advanced fishing, horticultural, and hunting society. They were expert seamen and skilled craftsmen familiar with intricate weaving and detailed pottery making who built unique houses and canoes suited to this region of the world. The Chamorro possessed a strong matriarchal society and it was through the power and prestige of the women, and the failure of the Spanish overlords to recognize this fact, that much of the Chamorro culture, including the language, music, dance, and traditions have survived to this day

    Latte Stones are the stone pillars of ancient Chamorro houses. Found nowhere else in the world, the Latte Stone has become a symbol and the signature of Guam and the Marianas Islands. Original Latte Stones were comprised of two pieces, a supporting column (halagi), made from coral limestone topped with a capstone (tasa), made from coral heads, which were usually carried several miles from the quarry site or reef to the location of the house. Customarily, bones of the ancient Chamorro’s, their possessions, such as jewelry or canoes, were buried below the stones. Archaeological milestones of ancient Guam are tied to the Latte Stones: Transitional Pre-Latte (AD 1 to AD 1000), the larger Latte Period (AD 1000 to AD 1521), and Early Historic Period (AD 1521 to 1700). Today, many latte sites can be found in Northern Guam. Replicas and images of Latte Stones are common in carvings, jewelry, on t-shirts and hats and in logos. Latte Stones are respected and are untouched. A human interloper...

    The Spanish Era on Guam lasted for over 333 years from 1565 through 1898. The first known contact between Guam and West occurred when Ferdinand Magellan anchored his small 3-ship fleet in Umatac Bay on March 6, 1521. Hungry and weakened from their long voyage, the crew hastily prepared to go ashore and restore provisions. The excited native Chamorro’s, who did not share the Spaniards concept of ownership, canoed out first and began helping themselves to everything that was not nailed down, leading the Spaniards to label Guam “The Island of Thieves”. The weakened sailors had trouble fending off the tall and robust natives until a few shots from the Trinidad’s big guns frightened them off the ship and they retreated into the surrounding jungle. Magellan was eventually able to obtain rations and offered iron, a commodity highly prized by Neolithic peoples, in exchange for fresh fruits, vegetables and water. Details of Magellan’s visit and the first known Western documentation of Guam a...

    Once Christianity was firmly established by the Jesuits in 1898, the Catholic Church became the focal point for village activities and has continued to exert a major influence on Guam until the present. Chief Quipuha (Keupha) was the maga’lahi, or high ranking male, in the area of Hagatna when the Spanish landed off its shores in 1668. Chief Quipuha was depicted as having stood tall and robust. Quipuha welcomed the missionaries and allowed himself to be baptized by San Vitores as Juan Quipuha. Quipuha granted the lands on which the first Catholic Church on Guam, the Dulce Nombre de Maria (Sweet Name of Mary) Cathedral Basilica,was constructed in 1669. The original cathedral was destroyed during World War II and the present Cathedral, depicted here, was constructed on the original site in 1955. The Spanish were received with a mixture of curiosity and suspicion. Padre Diego Luis de San Vitoreswas a Jesuit Pries who tried to carry out his mission in a peaceful manner while the Spanish...

    During the 18th century, Guam was a regular layover destination on the Spanish treasure galleon route between the Philippines and Mexico to take-on supplies and provisions. The Spaniards established their capitol in what is now Hagatana and constructed a coastal road, the El Camio Real, in 1785 to transport supplies from Hagatna to Umatic. The San Antonio bridge in Hagatna and Talafak bridge in Agat are the original bridges constructed in 1785. The Galleon era ended in 1815 following the Mexican Revolution. Over the centuries, due to it’s strategic location, Guam has been host to voyagers, scientists and whalers from Germany, Russia, France and England, some of whom provided detailed accounts of the daily life on Guam under Spanish rule. The Galleons were preyed upon by English pirates. The Spanish built a number of forts to protect their the Galleons and their colony on Guam. Fort Santa Ageuda, on the cliff line overlooking Hagatna and Hagatna Bay, protected the capitol from attack...

  3. Aug 15, 2017 · It was 500 years ago, in 1521, when Ferdinand Magellan’s ships, weary and hungry, pulled up to this island, beginning 300 years of Spanish conquest. Nowadays most Americans, if they know of Guam ...

    • Doug Herman
  4. The history of Guam starts with the early arrival around 2000 BC of Austronesian people known today as the CHamorus. the CHamorus then developed a "pre-contact" society, that was Spanish colonized by the Spanish in the 17th century. The present American rule of the island began with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Guam's history of colonialism is the longest among the Pacific islands.

  5. › wiki › GuamGuam - Wikipedia

    Guam ( / ˈɡwɑːm / ( listen); Chamorro: Guåhan [ˈɡʷɑhɑn]) is an organized, unincorporated territory of the United States in the Micronesia subregion of the western Pacific Ocean. It is the westernmost point and territory of the United States (reckoned from the geographic center of the U.S. ); in Oceania, it is the largest and ...

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