Initially, Slovakia experienced more difficulty than the Czech Republic in developing a modern market economy. Slovakia joined NATO on 29 March 2004 and the EU on 1 May 2004. Slovakia was, on 10 October 2005, for the first time elected to a two-year term on the UN Security Council (for 2006–2007).
Slovakia joined the European Union and NATO in 2004 and the Eurozone in 2009. Slovakia is a member of the United Nations (since 1993) and participates in its specialized agencies. The country was, on 10 October 2005, elected to a two-year term on the UN Security Council from 2006 to 2007.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to History of Slovakia. See also Category:Kingdom of Hungary for the period in which Slovakia was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (10th century to 1918).
- Bronze Age & Iron Age
- Roman era
- The great invasions of the 4–8th centuries
The area today known as Slovakia has been inhabited throughout the prehistoric period.
Radiocarbon dating puts the oldest surviving archaeological artifacts from Slovakia—found near Nové Mesto nad Váhom—at 270,000 BCE, in the Early Paleolithic era. These ancient tools, made by the Clactonian technique, bear witness to the ancient habitation of Slovakia. Other stone tools from the Middle Paleolithic era come from the Prepost cave near Bojnice and from other nearby sites. The most important discovery from that era is a Neanderthal cranium, discovered near Gánovce, a ...
Discovery of tools and pottery in several archaeological digs and burial places scattered across Slovakia, surprisingly including northern regions at relatively high altitudes, gives evidence of human habitation in the Neolithic period. The pottery found in Želiezovce, Gemer, and the Bukové hory massif is characterized by remarkable modeling and delicate linear decoration. It also reveals the first attempts at coloring. This deliberate adornment shows a developed aesthetic sense of the ...
The Bronze Age on the territory of Slovakia went through three stages of development, stretching from 2000 to 800 BCE. Major cultural, economic, and political development can be attributed to the significant growth in production of copper, especially in central Slovakia and north-west Slovakia. Copper became a stable source of prosperity for the local population. After the disappearance of the Čakany and Velatice cultures, the Lusatian people expanded building of strong and complex ...
The Roman epoch began in Slovakia in 6 CE, inaugurated by the arrival of Roman legions on this territory that led to a war against the Marcomanni and Quadi tribes. The Kingdom of Vannius, a barbarian kingdom founded by the Quadi, existed in western and central Slovakia from 20 to 50 AD. The Romans and their armies occupied only a thin strip of the right bank of the Danube and a very small part of south-western Slovakia. Only in 174 CE did the emperor Marcus Aurelius penetrate deeper into the riv
In the 2nd and 3rd centuries CE the Huns began to leave the Central Asian steppes. They crossed the Danube in 377 CE and occupied Pannonia, which they used for 75 years as their base for launching looting-raids into Western Europe. In 451, under the command of Attila, they crossed the Rhine and laid Gaul to waste; then crossed even the Pyrenees, devastating the countryside of Catalonia. However, Attila's death in 453 brought about the collapse of the Hunnic Empire. After the Huns in the 5 ...
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Slovaks in Czechoslovakia: 1918–1938: Slovak Soviet Republic: 1919: Slovak Republic: 1939–1945: Slovak National Uprising: 1944: Slovaks in Czechoslovakia
Pages in category "History of Slovakia by topic" The following 9 pages are in this category, out of 9 total. This list may not reflect recent changes ().
This is a survey of the postage stamps and postal history of Slovakia. A modern stamp of Slovakia Slovakia is a landlocked country in Central Europe with a population of over five million and an area of about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi).
– in Europe (green & dark grey) – in the European Union (green) Capital and largest city Ljubljana 46°03′N 14°30′E / 46.050°N 14.500°E / 46.050; 14.500 Official languages Slovene [i] Recognised regional languages Italian Hungarian Ethnic groups (2002) 83.1% Slovenes 2.0% Serbs 1.8% Croats 1.6% Bosniaks 0.4% Romani 0.3% Hungarians 0.1% Italians 2.2% Other 8.9% ...
- Early history
- 19th century
- Interwar period
- The Holocaust
- After World War II
The history of the Jews in Slovakia goes back to the 11th century, when the first Jews settled in the area.
In the 14th century, about 800 Jews lived in Bratislava, the majority of them engaged in commerce and money lending. In the early 15th century, a Jewish cemetery was established at Tisinec and was in use until 1892. In 1494, a blood libel caused sixteen Jews to be burned at the stake in Trnava, and in 1526, after the Battle of Mohács, Jews were expelled from all major towns. In 1529, thirty Jews were burned at the stake in Pezinok. In the late 17th century and early 18th century, Jews ...
Jewish communities emerged in the late eighteenth century following immigration from Bohemia, Moravia, Austria and Poland. The communities were affected by the schism in Hungarian Jewry in the mid-nineteenth century, eventually splitting into Orthodox, Status Quo, and more liberal Neolog factions. Following Jewish emancipation in 1896, many Jews had adopted Hungarian language and customs in order to advance in society. Many Jews moved to cities and joined the professions; others remained in the
After World War I, Slovakia became part of the new country of Czechoslovakia. In both parts of the new republic, anti-Jewish riots broke out in the aftermath of the declaration of independence, although the violence was not nearly as serious as in Ukraine or Poland. Blood libel accusations occurred in Trenčin and in Šalavský Gemer in the 1920s. In the 1930s, the Great Depression affected Jewish businessmen and also increased economic antisemitism. Economic underdevelopment and ...
Some 5,000 Jews emigrated before the outbreak of World War II and several thousands afterwards, but most were killed in the Holocaust. After the Slovak Republic proclaimed its independence in March 1939 under the protection of Nazi Germany, the pro-Nazi regime of President Jozef Tiso, a Catholic priest, began a series of measures aimed against the Jews in the country, first excluding them from the military and government positions. The Hlinka Guard began to attack Jews, and the "Jewish Code" was
11 Jews were murdered by an unidentified UPA group in September 1945 in Kolbasov. In the Topoľčany pogrom 48 Jews were seriously injured. 13 anti-Jewish incidents called partisan pogroms took place between August 1 and 5 1946, the biggest one in Žilina, where 15 people were wounded. Antisemitic manifestations took place in Bratislava in August 1946 and in August 1948. In 1946, the Slovak writer Karel František Koch argued that the antisemitic incidents that he witnessed in Bratislava ...
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