Over the centuries, many Coptic historians recorded the history of the Copts and that of the Coptic Church. The most prominent of these Coptic historians are: John of Nikiu, bishop and historian; Severus Ibn al-Muqaffa, bishop, theologian, author and historian first author of the History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coptic_history
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Over the centuries, many Coptic historians recorded the history of the Copts and that of the Coptic Church. The most prominent of these Coptic historians are: John of Nikiu, bishop and historian; Severus Ibn al-Muqaffa, bishop, theologian, author and historian first author of the History of the Patriarchs of the Coptic Church of Alexandria.
Dec 18, 2014 · The Coptic Church of Egypt is the earliest Christian church in the world, going back to around 42 AD. According to Bishop Eusebius of Caesarea, as well as Coptic traditions, Saint Mark the evangelist, who wrote the earliest of the four New Testament gospels, was the founder and first bishop of the Church of Alexandria, even before the Church of Rome was established.
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Coptic Catholic Church, Eastern Catholic church of the Alexandrian rite in Egypt, in communion with Rome since 1741, when Athanasius, a Miaphysite (acknowledging only one nature in the person of Christ) Coptic bishop, became a Roman Catholic.
The Coptic Church has never forcefully resisted authorities or invaders and was never allied with any power, for the words of our Lord are clear: “Put your sword in its place, for all who take by the sword will perish by the sword” (Matthew 26:52).
Anianus would eventually become the second Pope in the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church; following St. Mark. Within years, Christianity was spread and accepted throughout the land of Egypt. Since St. Mark, the Coptic Orthodox Church has enjoyed an uninterrupted continuity of the high priesthood up to the current HH Pope Tawadros II.
History. The Coptic Orthodox Church is an Apostolic Church, not only because her founder is St. Mark the Apostle who ministered in Egypt, ordained a bishop, priests, and deacons to aid him in his ministry and was martyred in Alexandria, and not only because her first Patriarch is St. Mark's successor through an unbroken chain of popes since the apostolic age, but also because she preserves the ...
- Contribution to Christianity
- Copts of Modern Egypt
The Bible describes Egypt as the country where the holy family sought refuge; Mary and Joseph sought refuge by fleeing from Judea to Egypt when King Herod had ordered the execution of all firstborn male children. They hid there until the death of King Herod, and this became the fulfillment of the old prophecy; out of Egypt, I called my son as written in Mathew 2:12-23. The original Egyptian Christians were ordinary individuals who spoke the Coptic Language. According to history, they spoke th...
Catechetical School of Alexandria
The catechetical school was founded by St. Mark in 190 CE. In this institution, scholars such as Clement and Pantanaeus taught students. The students gained knowledge about Christianity and this led to the spread of Coptic Christianity in Egypt. Question and answer method was first used here, and students were therefore tested to see if they had gained knowledge and applied it accordingly. Saint Mark wrote over six thousand commentaries of the Bible. The Copts also contributed significantly t...
An ecumenical council is a collection of religious persons such as bishops, pastors, and the entire church that gather together to discuss important matters of faith. Egyptian patriarchs were the first to lead the first three ecumenical councils, proving that Alexandria contributed majorly to the establishment of philosophy and theology in Egypt. The primary mandate of patriarchs was to calculate and announce the exact dates of Easter annually.
Council of Chalcedon
According to the Catholic Church, the council of Chalcedon is the fourth ecumenical council. The council described Chalcedon stating that the son of God is perfect both in a deity and in humanness. The council's conclusion and definition concerning the divine marked a significant point in the Christological debates. It led to the division of the Alexandrian church in 451 CE into two subdivisions; those who abided by the rules of the council became recognized as the Chalcedonians while those t...
Arabs conquered the Egyptians, and this made the Coptic Christians in Egypt to be subjected to harsh rules because Arabs practiced Islam. For example under the Muslim law, the Coptic Christians were forced to pay special taxes; they were denied access to political power and were also not allowed to join military service. It, however, did not last for long, in the 19th century under the rule of Muhammed Ali who abolished the tax on non-Muslims and allowed the Egyptian Christians (Coptic Christians) to take part in military services. In 1854-61, Pope Cyril IV reformed the church and encouraged the Coptic Christians to take part in political affairs. They gained more power in 1863, and they were even appointed as judges and given political representation in the government. Consequently, the Coptic Christians once again thrive in Egypt. Although the Coptic Christians originated from Egypt, they have spread widely to other neighboring countries and Africa at large. Sudan has a minority n...
- Vic Lang'at Junior
The History of the Coptic Church, Part I: Written by: Dr Medhat Ibrahim Seminarian Deacon, Theological College, El-Mina, Egypt It has been said that a nation without a history is a nation without a future. Let us thank God for the history of our Coptic Church written in the blood of our Fathers who were martyred to preserve the