The history of Luxembourg consists of the history of the country of Luxembourg and its geographical area. Although its recorded history can be traced back to Roman times, the history of Luxembourg proper is considered to begin in 963. Over the following five centuries, the powerful House of Luxembourg emerged, but its extinction put an end to the country's independence. After a brief period of Burgundian rule, the country passed to the Habsburgs in 1477. After the Eighty Years' War, Luxembourg b
Luxembourg,[pron 1] also known as Luxembourg City,[pron 2] is the capital city of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg and the country's most populous commune. Standing at the confluence of the Alzette and Pétrusse rivers in southern Luxembourg, the city lies at the heart of Western Europe, situated 213 km by road from Brussels, 372 km from Paris, and 209 km from Cologne. The city contains Luxembourg Castle, established by the Franks in the Early Middle Ages, around which a settlement developed. As of
In 1443 the last member of the senior branch of the House of Luxemburg, Duchess Elisabeth, sold the Duchy of Luxembourg to Duke Philip the Good of Burgundy, a prince of the French House of Valois. In 1477 the duchy passed by marriage of Philip's granddaughter, Mary of Burgundy , to Archduke Maximilian I of Austria of the House of Habsburg .
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Upon the defeat of Napoleon, under the 1814 Treaty of Paris, Luxembourg was liberated from French rule, but its final status was to be determined at the Congress of Vienna the following year. There, it was agreed that Luxembourg would be elevated to a Grand Duchy , and that the House of Orange would receive all of the Low Countries , including ...
Clément Maurice Paris en plein air, BUC, 1897,029 Le Palais du Luxembourg, Façade Est et Jardin.jpg 7,857 × 5,736; 18.6 MB Felix Benoist - Le Palais du Luxembourg et son Jardin - Google Art Project.jpg 1,200 × 881; 368 KB
Both claims were admitted by Charles on the understanding that if these families died out both territories should pass to the House of Luxembourg. At about the same time, he was promised the succession to the Margravate of Brandenburg , which he actually obtained for his son Wenceslaus in 1373.
Luxembourg is a country in Western Europe; its official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg ( Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg ). It is a small country in land area. It was one of the first countries in the European Union.
The oldest known Robertians probably originated in the county of Hesbaye, around Tongeren in modern-day Belgium.The first certain ancestor is Robert the Strong count of Paris, probably the son of Robert III of Worms, grandson of Robert of Hesbaye, and nephew of Ermengarde of Hesbaye, who was the daughter of Ingram, and wife of Louis the Pious.
The house claims descent from Gerard I of Paris (Count of Paris) (died 779) whose immediate descendants are known as the Gerardides. The Matfridings of the 10th century are thought to have been a branch of the family;  at the turn of the 10th century they were Counts of Metz and ruled a set of lordships in Alsace and Lorraine .