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  1. On August 3, 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed west from Palos, Spain, to explore a new route to Asia. On October 12, he reached the Bahamas. Six months later, he returned to Spain with gold, cotton, American Indian handicrafts, exotic parrots, and other strange beasts.

    • Christopher Columbus and The Age of Discovery
    • Early Life and Nationality
    • Christopher Columbus' First Voyage
    • Where Did Columbus' Ships, Niña, Pinta and Santa Maria, Land?
    • Christopher Columbus's Later Voyages
    • Legacy of Christopher Columbus

    During the 15th and 16th centuries, leaders of several European nations sponsored expeditions abroad in the hope that explorers would find great wealth and vast undiscovered lands. The Portuguese were the earliest participants in this “Age of Discovery,” also known as “Age of Exploration.” Starting in about 1420, small Portuguese ships known as car...

    Christopher Columbus, the son of a wool merchant, is believed to have been born in Genoa, Italy, in 1451. When he was still a teenager, he got a job on a merchant ship. He remained at sea until 1476, when pirates attacked his ship as it sailed north along the Portuguese coast. The boat sank, but the young Columbus floated to shore on a scrap of woo...

    At the end of the 15th century, it was nearly impossible to reach Asia from Europe by land. The route was long and arduous, and encounters with hostile armies were difficult to avoid. Portuguese explorers solved this problem by taking to the sea: They sailed south along the West African coast and around the Cape of Good Hope. But Columbus had a dif...

    On August 3, 1492, Columbus and his crew set sail from Spain in three ships: the Niña, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. On October 12, the ships made landfall—not in the East Indies, as Columbus assumed, but on one of the Bahamian islands, likely San Salvador. For months, Columbus sailed from island to island in what we now know as the Caribbean, loo...

    About six months later, in September 1493, Columbus returned to the Americas. He found the Hispaniola settlementdestroyed and left his brothers Bartolomeo and Diego Columbus behind to rebuild, along with part of his ships’ crew and hundreds of enslaved indigenous people. Then he headed west to continue his mostly fruitless search for goldand other ...

    Christopher Columbus did not “discover” the Americas, nor was he even the first European to visit the “New World.” (Viking explorer Leif Eriksonhad sailed to Greenland and Newfoundland in the 11th century.) However, his journey kicked off centuries of exploration and exploitation on the American continents. The Columbian Exchange transferred people...

  2. Columbus headed for Spain on the Niña, but a storm separated him from the Pinta, and forced the Niña to stop at the island of Santa Maria in the Azores. Half of his crew went ashore to say prayers of thanksgiving in a chapel for having survived the storm.

  3. Nov 3, 2019 · Since Christopher Columbus came from Spain, it should be obvious this English-sounding name, Christopher Columbus, wasn't the name he himself used. In fact, his name in Spanish was altogether different: Cristóbal Colón. But why are his names in English and Spanish so divergent?

  4. The wave of exploration that began with Columbus’ voyage in 1492 didn’t take long to reach the land that is now Texas. Spain’s conquest of the Americas began on a series of islands in what is now the Caribbean Sea.

  5. Apr 15, 2024 · Columbus, who set sail from Spain in 1492, did so with the unwavering support of King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile. The monarchs, renowned for their piety and ambition, were destined to play a pivotal role in this historic undertaking.

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  7. Columbus reached Spain in March 1493, immediately receiving titles and riches. The published report of his successful voyage made him a hero throughout Europe. He was made Admiral of the Ocean Sea and Governor of the Indies.

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