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  1. US Immigration Act of 1917 - ThoughtCo.com

    www.thoughtco.com › us-immigration-act-of-1917-4125136
    • Details and Effects of The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Effect of The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Isolationism Drove The Immigration Act of 1917
    • Amendments Restore Us Immigration

    From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, no nation welcomed more immigrants into its borders than the United States. In 1907 alone, a record 1.3 million immigrants entered the U.S. through New York’s Ellis Island. However, the Immigration Act of 1917, a product of the pre-World War I isolationism movement,would drastically change that. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, the Immigration Act of 1917 barred immigrants from a large part of the world loosely defined as “any country not owned by the U.S. adjacent to the continent of Asia.” In practice, the barred zone provision excluded immigrants from Afghanistan, the Arabian Peninsula, Asiatic Russia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, and the Polynesian Islands. However, both Japan and the Philippines were excluded from the barred zone. The law also allowed exceptions for students, certain professionals such as teachers and doctors, and their wives and children. Other provisions of the law increased the “head tax” immigrants were require...

    To say the least, the Immigration Act of 1917 had the impact desired by its supporters. According to the Migration Policy Institute, only about 110,000 new immigrants were allowed to enter the United States in 1918, compared to more than 1.2 million in 1913. Further limiting immigration, Congress passed the National Origins Act of 1924, which for the first time established an immigration-limiting quota system and required all immigrants to be screened while still in their countries of origin. The law resulted in the virtual closure of Ellis Island as an immigrant processing center. After 1924, the only immigrants still being screened at Ellis Island were those who had problems with their paperwork, war refugees, and displaced persons.

    As an outgrowth of the American isolationism movement that dominated the 19th century, the Immigration Restriction League was founded in Boston in 1894. Seeking mainly to slow the entry of “lower-class” immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, the group lobbied Congress to pass legislationrequiring immigrants to prove their literacy. In 1897, Congress passed an immigrant literacy bill sponsored by Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, but President Grover Cleveland vetoedthe law. Be early 1917, with America’s participation in World War I appearing inevitable, demands for isolationism hit an all-time high. In that growing atmosphere of xenophobia, Congress easily passed the Immigration Act of 1917 and then overrode President Woodrow Wilson’s veto of the law by a supermajority vote.

    The negative effects of drastically reduced immigration and the general inequity of laws like the Immigration Act of 1917 soon become apparent and Congress reacted. With World War I reducing the American workforce, Congress amended the Immigration Act of 1917 to reinstate a provision exempting Mexican farm and ranch workers from the entry tax requirement. The exemption was soon extended to Mexican mining and railroad industry workers. Shortly after the end of World War II, the Luce-Celler Act of 1946, sponsored by Republican Representative Clare Boothe Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler, eased immigration and naturalizationrestrictions against Asian Indian and Filipino immigrants. The law allowed the immigration of up to 100 Filipinos and 100 Indians per year and again allowed Filipino and Indian immigrants to become United States citizens. The law also allowed naturalized Indian Americans and Filipino Americans to own homes and farms and to petition for their family members to be all...

  2. Immigration Act of 1917 - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Immigration_Act_of_1917

    The Immigration Act of 1917 (also known as the Literacy Act and less often as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act) was a United States Act that aimed to restrict immigration by imposing literacy tests on immigrants, creating new categories of inadmissible persons, and barring immigration from the Asia-Pacific zone.

    • An Act to regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the residence of aliens in, the United States.
    • the 64th United States Congress
    • Asiatic Barred Zone Act
    • Pub.L. 64–301
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    How did the Immigration Act of 1917 reduce immigration?

    How did the Immigration Act of 1924 affect World War 2?

    What did the Barred Zone Act of 1917 do?

    What did the Immigration and Nationality Act require of immigrants?

  4. What was the effect of the Immigration Act of 1917?

    askinglot.com › what-was-the-effect-of-the

    The Immigration Act of 1917 drastically reduced US immigration by expanding the prohibitions of the Chinese exclusion laws of the late 1800s. The law created an “Asiatic barred zone” provision prohibiting immigration from British India, most of Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Middle East. Click to see full answer.

  5. Immigration Act of 1917 (Barred Zone Act) - Immigration History

    immigrationhistory.org › item › 1917-barred-zone-act

    This law is best known for its creation of a “barred zone” extending from the Middle East to Southeast Asia from which no persons were allowed to enter the United States. Its main restriction, however, consisted of a literacy test intended to reduce European immigration, with exemptions for those who could show they were fleeing persecution.

  6. What did the Immigration Act of 1917 require?

    colors-newyork.com › what-did-the-immigration-act

    The Immigration Act of 1917 (also known as the Literacy Act and less often as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act) was a United States Act that aimed to restrict immigration by imposing literacy tests on immigrants, creating new categories of inadmissible persons, and barring immigration from the Asia-Pacific zone.

  7. Literacy Tests and Asian Exclusion Were the Hallmarks of the ...

    www.smithsonianmag.com › history › how-america

    Feb 06, 2017 · The test was a part of the 1917 act, as was the expansion of an “undesireable” list that included epileptics and political radicals. The act also levied an $8 tax on every adult immigrant (about...

    • Lorraine Boissoneault
  8. Immigration Act of 1924: Effects, Significance, and Summary ...

    historyplex.com › immigration-act-of1924-effects
    • Did You Know?
    • Immigration Act of 1924: Summary
    • Significance

    One of the main reasons for passing the Immigration Act of 1924 was the antisemitic desire to bar Jewish immigrants from entering the USA. Immigration and its management is a hot topic in modern USA, but it’s hardly a new phenomenon. The USA, itself founded by immigrants, has always been a favored place for citizens of other countries to relocate, thanks to the promise of a better future. Natives have always sought a solution to this problem, since the incessant immigration is perceived to place a burden on American resources and its job market.

    The Immigration Act of 1924, also known as the Johnson-Reed Act, was one such measure intended to reduce immigration into the USA. According to it, the existing amount of immigrants from a particular country was used to calculate how many more immigrants from that country would be allowed into the USA. 2%of the existing population of that nationality were allowed to emigrate to the USA. If 2% of a population was below 100, further immigration was not allowed. From July 1, 1927, a total limit of 150,000 emigrants was set for admission into the USA. The ratio of the various nationalities within the 150,000 limit would be decided by the existing American population from the respective nationality. Wives (older than 21 years), parents, and unmarried children (under the age of 21) of U.S. citizens and persons in religious and academic fields could emigrate to the USA regardless of this quota. Immigration from Latin America, as well as the rest of the Western Hemisphere, was also allowed...

    The 1890 census was used to determine the current populations from the various nationalities. The 1921 Emergency Quota Act, which allowed 3% of the existing population from a country to immigrate to the USA, was superseded by the 1924 Act. The 1924 bill contained a significant deviation from the earlier act: The 1921 act used the 1910 census to determine the existing population of emigrants from a particular country, whereas the 1924 bill used the 1890 census, when less immigrants from southern and eastern Europe were present in the USA. This allowed the government to crackdown on the main problem: Italian immigration. Immigrants from northern Europe, particularly Great Britain and Ireland, who had many cultural similarities with Americans, were not significantly restricted by either immigration Act, while Italians and Jews, who were centered in eastern European countries, faced a severe restriction. Italians, in particular, were much less populous in the 1890 census than in the 191...

  9. America in Congress assembled, - loc.gov

    www.loc.gov › law › help

    Approved, February 3, 1917. February 5, 1917. e.R. 1-1084.] CHAP. 29.-An Act To regulate the immigration of aliens to, and the resi-[Public,No.301.] dence of aliens in, the United States. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Tmig ra tionAt. United States of America in Congress assembled, That the word

  10. Who Was Shut Out?: Immigration Quotas, 1925-1927

    historymatters.gmu.edu › d › 5078

    Immigration Quotas, 1925–1927 In response to growing public opinion against the flow of immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe in the years following World War I, Congress passed first the Quota Act of 1921 then the even more restrictive Immigration Act of 1924 (the Johnson-Reed Act).

    Country
    Quota
    Country
    Quota
    Germany
    51,227
    Poland
    5,982
    Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    34,007
    Italy
    3,845
    Irish Free State (Ireland)
    28,567
    Czechoslovakia
    3,073
    Sweden
    9,561
    Russia
    2,248
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