- Details and Effects of The Immigration Act of 1917
- Effect of The Immigration Act of 1917
- Isolationism Drove The Immigration Act of 1917
- Amendments Restore Us Immigration
From the late 1800s to the early 1900s, no nation welcomed more immigrants into its borders than the United States. In 1907 alone, a record 1.3 million immigrants entered the U.S. through New York’s Ellis Island. However, the Immigration Act of 1917, a product of the pre-World War I isolationism movement,would drastically change that. Also known as the Asiatic Barred Zone Act, the Immigration Act of 1917 barred immigrants from a large part of the world loosely defined as “any country not owned by the U.S. adjacent to the continent of Asia.” In practice, the barred zone provision excluded immigrants from Afghanistan, the Arabian Peninsula, Asiatic Russia, India, Malaysia, Myanmar, and the Polynesian Islands. However, both Japan and the Philippines were excluded from the barred zone. The law also allowed exceptions for students, certain professionals such as teachers and doctors, and their wives and children. Other provisions of the law increased the “head tax” immigrants were require...
To say the least, the Immigration Act of 1917 had the impact desired by its supporters. According to the Migration Policy Institute, only about 110,000 new immigrants were allowed to enter the United States in 1918, compared to more than 1.2 million in 1913. Further limiting immigration, Congress passed the National Origins Act of 1924, which for the first time established an immigration-limiting quota system and required all immigrants to be screened while still in their countries of origin. The law resulted in the virtual closure of Ellis Island as an immigrant processing center. After 1924, the only immigrants still being screened at Ellis Island were those who had problems with their paperwork, war refugees, and displaced persons.
As an outgrowth of the American isolationism movement that dominated the 19th century, the Immigration Restriction League was founded in Boston in 1894. Seeking mainly to slow the entry of “lower-class” immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe, the group lobbied Congress to pass legislationrequiring immigrants to prove their literacy. In 1897, Congress passed an immigrant literacy bill sponsored by Massachusetts Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, but President Grover Cleveland vetoedthe law. Be early 1917, with America’s participation in World War I appearing inevitable, demands for isolationism hit an all-time high. In that growing atmosphere of xenophobia, Congress easily passed the Immigration Act of 1917 and then overrode President Woodrow Wilson’s veto of the law by a supermajority vote.
The negative effects of drastically reduced immigration and the general inequity of laws like the Immigration Act of 1917 soon become apparent and Congress reacted. With World War I reducing the American workforce, Congress amended the Immigration Act of 1917 to reinstate a provision exempting Mexican farm and ranch workers from the entry tax requirement. The exemption was soon extended to Mexican mining and railroad industry workers. Shortly after the end of World War II, the Luce-Celler Act of 1946, sponsored by Republican Representative Clare Boothe Luce and Democrat Emanuel Celler, eased immigration and naturalizationrestrictions against Asian Indian and Filipino immigrants. The law allowed the immigration of up to 100 Filipinos and 100 Indians per year and again allowed Filipino and Indian immigrants to become United States citizens. The law also allowed naturalized Indian Americans and Filipino Americans to own homes and farms and to petition for their family members to be all...
The Immigration Act of 1917 was a United States Act that aimed to restrict immigration by imposing literacy tests on immigrants, creating new categories of inadmissible persons, and barring immigration from the Asia-Pacific zone. The most sweeping immigration act the United States had passed until that time, it followed the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 in marking a turn toward nativism. The 1917 act governed immigration policy until it was amended by the Immigration Act of 1924; both acts were
People also ask
What was the Immigration Act of 1917 called?
Why did Congress pass the Immigration Act of 1924?
How did the immigration law affect European immigration?
What did the Barred Zone Act of 1917 do?
Jun 12, 2021 · Who did the Immigration Act of 1917 target? For the first time, an immigration law of the U.S. affected European immigration, with the provision barring all immigrants over the age of sixteen who were illiterate.
The 1917 Act implemented a literacy test that required immigrants over 16 years old to demonstrate basic reading comprehension in any language. It also increased the tax paid by new immigrants upon arrival and allowed immigration officials to exercise more discretion in making decisions over whom to exclude.
This law is best known for its creation of a “barred zone” extending from the Middle East to Southeast Asia from which no persons were allowed to enter the United States. Its main restriction, however, consisted of a literacy test intended to reduce European immigration, with exemptions for those who could show they were fleeing persecution.
- White People of 'Good Character' Granted Citizenship. January 1776: Thomas Paine publishes a pamphlet, “Common Sense,” that argues for American independence.
- Irish Immigrant Wave. 1815: Peace is re-established between the United States and Britain after the War of 1812. Immigration from Western Europe turns from a trickle into a gush, which causes a shift in the demographics of the United States.
- Chinese Exclusion Act. 1880: As America begins a rapid period of industrialization and urbanization, a second immigration boom begins. Between 1880 and 1920, more than 20 million immigrants arrive.
- Ellis Island Opens. January 1892: Ellis Island, the United States’ first immigration station, opens in New York Harbor. The first immigrant processed is Annie Moore, a teenager from County Cork in Ireland.
Primary Sources 1917 Immigration Act. The 1917 Immigration Act increased the entry head tax to $8. People who were now excluded from the United States included: "all idiots, imbeciles, feeble-minded persons, epileptics, insane persons; persons who have had one or more attacks of insanity at any time previously; persons of constitutional psychopathic inferiority; persons with chronic alcoholism ...
What effect did the Immigration Act of 1965 have on immigration from Mexico? Check all of the boxes that apply. Some temporary or migrant workers were allowed to come to the United States.
Jul 30, 2020 · The Immigration Service continued evolving as the United States experienced rising immigration during the early years of the 20th century. Between 1900 and 1920 the nation admitted over 14.5 million immigrants. Concerns over mass immigration and its impact on the country began to change Americans’ historically open attitude toward immigration.
Jun 03, 2021 · How did the Immigration Act of 1990 affect immigration in the United States? The Immigration Act of 1990 increased the annual limits on the total level of immigration to the United States. 140,000 visas for employment-related immigration. 55,000 visas for immediate relatives of immigrants granted amnesty. 40,000 visas for immigrants from ...
- related to: how did the immigration act of 1917 affect immigration in the united states