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Lyme disease is transmitted via the bite of infected ticks, which attach to any part of the body, but often to moist or hairy areas such as the groin, armpits, and scalp. While everyone is...
Oct 24, 2020 · This test might not be positive during the early stage of Lyme disease, but the rash is distinctive enough to make the diagnosis without further testing in people who live in areas infested with ticks that transmit Lyme disease. Western blot test. If the ELISA test is positive, this test is usually done to confirm the diagnosis. In this two-step approach, the Western blot detects antibodies to several proteins of B. burgdorferi.
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Is Lyme disease caused by ticks?
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Nov 20, 2019 · Information on Lyme disease. Provided by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Includes information for healthcare providers on assessing a patient for Lyme disease, key points to remember in Lyme disease diagnosis, and information on CDC recommended laboratory tests.
Lyme disease is a disease caused by exposure to a bacteria spirochete called Borrelia burgdorferi. The primary vector for this bacterium is the black legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) also referred to as a deer tick. It is injected into the tick bite wound as ticks feed. Ticks are not born with Borrelia burgdorferi.
To contract Lyme disease, an infected deer tick must bite you. The bacteria enter your skin through the bite and eventually make their way into your bloodstream. In most cases, to transmit Lyme disease, a deer tick must be attached for 36 to 48 hours. If you find an attached tick that looks swollen, it may have fed long enough to transmit bacteria.
Nymphal ticks cause most cases of Lyme disease. Because nymphs are as small as poppy seeds and their bite is painless, people often don’t realize they have been bitten. Adult ticks can also infect humans, but are easier to spot and remove. Not all ticks are infected.