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  1. Alcatraz - Prison, Location & Al Capone - HISTORY
    • Early Years as a Military Prison. In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala (1745-97) mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds.
    • Doing Time as a Federal Prison: 1934-63. In 1933, the Army relinquished Alcatraz to the U.S. Justice Department, which wanted a federal prison that could house a criminal population too difficult or dangerous to be handled by other U.S. penitentiaries.
    • Famous Inmates. Among those who did time at The Rock was the notorious Prohibition-era gangster Al “Scarface” Capone, who spent four-and-a-half years there during the 1930s.
    • Escape Attempts from Alcatraz. Over the years, there were 14 known attempts to escape from Alcatraz, involving 36 inmates. The Federal Bureau of Prisons reports that of these would-be escapees, 23 were captured, six were shot and killed during their attempted getaways, two drowned and five went missing and were presumed drowned.
  2. Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary - Wikipedia

    Alcatraz was intended for prisoners who continuously caused trouble at other federal prisons, a "last resort prison" to hold the worst of the worst who had no hope of rehabilitation. [9] [10] At 9:40 a.m. on 11 August 1934, the first batch of 137 prisoners arrived at Alcatraz from the United States Penitentiary in Leavenworth, Kansas , having ...

    • 312
    • 11 August 1934; 86 years ago
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  4. U.S. Penitentiary Alcatraz - Alcatraz Island (U.S. National ...

    Aug 04, 2020 · Alcatraz: Federal Prison 1934-1963. United States Penitentiary Alcatraz represents the federal government's response to post-Prohibition, post-Depression America. Both the institution and the men confined within its walls reflect our society during this era.

  5. Facts About Alcatraz: The Inescapable Prison - A Knowledge ...

    The federal prison operated from 1934 to 1963.It was known as the ‘prison systems prison ‘The most disruptive of inmates from other prisons were sent here to learn how to follow rules. It house approximately 260-275 prisoners at a time though it has a maximum capacity of 450.The prison was a financial burden to the state as shipment of ...

  6. Life Behind Bars at Alcatraz and Other Prisons by Alexia Gariepy

    What was the daily life of an inmate in Alcatraz and what different privileges did they have from other prisons?

  7. Alcatraz Island - Wikipedia

    The United States Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz were acquired by the United States Department of Justice on October 12, 1933, and the island became a federal prison in August 1934. Alcatraz was designed to hold prisoners who continuously caused trouble at other federal prisons.

    • 1934; 86 years ago
    • San Francisco, California
  8. Alcatraz closes its doors - HISTORY

    Mar 19, 2020 · Alcatraz Prison in San Francisco's Bay closes down and transfers its last prisoners. At its peak period of use in 1950s, “The Rock," or "America’s Devil Island," housed over 200 inmates at the ...

  9. Correctional Officers - Alcatraz 101

    Alcatraz opened with the most troublesome inmates from the other federal prisons, "the worst of the worst" as the newspapers called them, but Alcatraz also opened with many of the best of the management staff and senior officers from those same institutions. Over the years, correctional officers who had an eye on

  10. What Life In Alcatraz Was Really Like -

    Mar 18, 2020 · In general, Alcatraz was a peaceful place. But it was a prison, so obviously there were some exceptions. In addition to six men shot during escape attempts, eight people were murdered by inmates. But considering how dangerous the guys inside were, and the fact that Alcatraz was open for 29 years, that's not as bad as one might expect.

  11. 20 Creepy Photos Of Alcatraz | TheTravel

    Criminals were very rarely automatically sent to Alcatraz upon sentencing, which is different than other prisons. Usually, prisoners were sent there because they were defiant and impossible to handle. It was thought that a trip to Alcatraz was good enough to smarten them up and have them obeying. 17 That’s A Fake Head, But Why?

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