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    • What was the original writing system for the Celtic languages?

      • Between the 4th and 8th centuries, Irish and Pictish were occasionally written in an original script, Ogham, but Latin script came to be used for all Celtic languages. Welsh has had a continuous literary tradition from the 6th century AD.
  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Italo-CelticItalo-Celtic - Wikipedia

    e. In historical linguistics, Italo-Celtic is a hypothetical grouping of the Italic and Celtic branches of the Indo-European language family on the basis of features shared by these two branches and no others. There is controversy about the causes of these similarities. They are usually considered to be innovations, likely to have developed ...

  2. (full-text pdf) italo-celtic origins and prehistoric development of the irish language ... download free pdf.

    • Frederik Kortlandt
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  4. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Celto-ItalicItalo-Celtic - Wikipedia

    That could imply that they are descended from a common ancestor, Proto-Italo-Celtic, which can be partly reconstructed by the comparative method. Scholars who believe that Proto-Italo-Celtic was an identifiable historical language estimate that it was spoken in the third or the second millennium BC somewhere in south-central Europe.

    • Living Languages
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    SIL Ethnologue lists six living Celtic languages, of which four have retained a substantial number of native speakers. These are the Goidelic languages (Irish and Scottish Gaelic, both descended from Middle Irish) and the Brittonic languages (Welsh and Breton, both descended from Common Brittonic). The other two, Cornish (Brittonic) and Manx (Goide...

    Celtic is divided into various branches: 1. Lepontic, the oldest attested Celtic language (from the 6th century BC). Anciently spoken in Switzerland and in Northern-Central Italy. Coins with Lepontic inscriptions have been found in Noricum and Gallia Narbonensis. 2. Celtiberian, also called Eastern or Northeastern Hispano-Celtic, spoken in the anci...

    Although there are many differences between the individual Celtic languages, they do show many family resemblances. 1. consonant mutations(Insular Celtic only) 2. inflected prepositions(Insular Celtic only) 3. two grammatical genders (modern Insular Celtic only; Old Irish and the Continental languages had three genders, although Gaulish may have me...

    It has been suggested that several poorly-documented languages may have been Celtic. 1. Ancient Belgian 2. Camunic is an extinct language spoken in the first millennium BC in the Val Camonica and Valtellina valleys of the Central Alps. It has recently been proposed to be a Celtic language. 3. Ivernic 4. Ligurian, in the Northern Mediterranean Coast...

    Ball, Martin J. & James Fife (ed.) (1993). The Celtic Languages. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-01035-7.
    Borsley, Robert D. & Ian Roberts (ed.) (1996). The Syntax of the Celtic Languages: A Comparative Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521481600.
    Cowgill, Warren (1975). "The origins of the Insular Celtic conjunct and absolute verbal endings". In H. Rix (ed.). Flexion und Wortbildung: Akten der V. Fachtagung der Indogermanischen Gesellschaft...
    Celtic Linguistics, 1700–1850(2000). London; New York: Routledge. 8 vols comprising 15 texts originally published between 1706 and 1844.
    Markey, Thomas L. (2006). “Early Celticity in Slovenia and at Rhaetic Magrè (Schio)”. In: Linguistica 46 (1), 145-72. https://doi.org/10.4312/linguistica.46.1.145-172.
    Sims-Williams, Patrick. “An Alternative to ‘Celtic from the East’ and ‘Celtic from the West’.” In: Cambridge Archaeological Journal30, no. 3 (2020): 511–29. doi:10.1017/S0959774320000098.
    Stifter, David. "The early Celtic epigraphic evidence and early literacy in Germanic languages". In: NOWELE - North-Western European Language Evolution, Volume 73, Issue 1, Apr 2020, pp. 123–152. I...
    Celtic languages at Curlie
    Aberdeen University Celtic Department Archived 8 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. Frederik Kortlandt #306 (2016) Phrygian between Greek and Armenian In an earlier study (1988), I argued that we can think of Thracian as an early dialect of Proto-Armenian. Both languages shared the devoicing of the PIE glottalic stops *b, *d, *g to *p, *t, *k (cf. Dečev 1952: 7-9, Duridanov 1976: 101, 1988: 61, Brixhe & Panayotou 1997: 200 ...

    • Frederik Kortlandt
  6. Oct 05, 2011 · The various Romance languages developed a a result of the local accents and dialects of the Latin language.The various Romance languages developed a a result of the local accents and dialects of ...