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    • What was the original writing system for the Celtic languages?

      • Between the 4th and 8th centuries, Irish and Pictish were occasionally written in an original script, Ogham, but Latin script came to be used for all Celtic languages. Welsh has had a continuous literary tradition from the 6th century AD.
  1. 1 day ago · The Celtic languages ( usually / ˈkɛltɪk /, but sometimes / ˈsɛltɪk / in the United States) [1] are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European language family. [2]

  2. Jun 13, 2022 · Proto-Celtic, or Common Celtic, is the ancestral proto-language of all known Celtic languages, and a descendant of Proto-Indo-European. It is not attested in writing, but has been partly reconstructed through the comparative method. Proto-Celtic is generally thought to have been spoken between 1300 and 800 BC, after which it began to split into ...

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    What was the original writing system for the Celtic languages?

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  4. Jun 17, 2022 · The Proto-Italic language is the ancestor of the Italic languages, most notably Latin and its descendants, the Romance languages. It is not directly attested in writing, but has been reconstructed to some degree through the comparative method. Proto-Italic descended from the earlier Proto-Indo-European language.

  5. Jun 18, 2022 · The Indo-European languages are a language family native to the overwhelming majority of Europe, the Iranian plateau, and the northern Indian subcontinent. Some European languages of this family, such as English, French, Portuguese, Russian, Dutch, and Spanish, have expanded through colonialism in the modern period and are now spoken across ...

    • † indicates this branch of the language family is extinct
    • One of the world's primary language families
    • Branches
    • Prehistory and History
    • Geographic Distribution
    • Comparative Linguistics
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    The Baltic languages are generally thought to form a single family with two branches, Eastern and Western. However, these two branches are sometimes classified as independent branches of Balto-Slavic.

    It is believed that the Baltic languages are among the most archaic of the currently remaining Indo-European languages, despite their late attestation. Although the various Baltic tribes were mentioned by ancient historians as early as 98 B.C.,[citation needed] the first attestation of a Baltic language was about 1350, with the creation of the Elbi...

    Speakers of modern Baltic languages are generally concentrated within the borders of Lithuania and Latvia, and in emigrant communities in the United States, Canada, Australia and the countries within the former borders of the Soviet Union. Historically the languages were spoken over a larger area: west to the mouth of the Vistula river in present-d...

    Genetic relatedness

    The Baltic languages are of particular interest to linguists because they retain many archaic features, which are believed to have been present in the early stages of the Proto-Indo-European language. However, linguists have had a hard time establishing the precise relationship of the Baltic languages to other languages in the Indo-European family.Several of the extinct Baltic languages have a limited or nonexistent written record, their existence being known only from the records of ancient...

    Thracian hypothesis

    The Baltic-speaking peoples likely encompassed an area in Eastern Europe much larger than their modern range: as in the case of the Celtic languages of Western Europe, they were reduced with invasions, exterminations and assimilations. Studies in comparative linguistics point to genetic relationshipbetween the languages of the Baltic family and the following extinct languages: 1. Dacian 2. Thracian The Baltic classification of Dacian and Thracian has been proposed by the Lithuanian scientist...

    Stafecka, A. & Mikuleniene, D., 2009. Baltu valodu atlants: prospekts = Baltu kalbu atlasas: prospektas = Atlas of the Baltic languages: a prospect, Vilnius: Lietuvių kalbos institutas; Riga: Latvi...

  6. Jun 09, 2022 · It has recently been acknowledged that Celtic languages borrowed part of their grammar from Afro-Asiatic languages.” ref “This shift could have happened when the Proto-Italo-Celtic speakers moved from the steppes to the Danube basin and mixed with the population of Near-Eastern farmers belonging to haplogroups E1b1b, G2a, J, and T.

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