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  1. Iberian Peninsula - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_Peninsula

    The Iberian Peninsula / aɪ ˈ b ɪər i ə n /, also known as Iberia, is a peninsula in the southwest corner of Europe, defining the westernmost edge of Eurasia.It is principally divided between Spain and Portugal, comprising most of their territory, as well as a small area of Southern France, Andorra and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.

    • 583,254 km² (225,196 sq mi)
    • ca. 53 million
    • Southwestern Europe
    • Mulhacén
  2. Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_history_of_the...

    The ancestry of modern Iberians (comprising the Spanish and Portuguese) is consistent with the geographical situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the south-west corner of Europe. As is the case for most of the rest of Southern Europe, the principal ancestral origin of modern Iberians are Early European Farmers who

  3. Iberians - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberians
    • Overview
    • History
    • Iberian culture

    The Iberians were a set of people that Greek and Roman sources identified with that name in the eastern and southern coasts of the Iberian peninsula, at least from the 6th century BC. The Roman sources also use the term Hispani to refer to the Iberians. The term Iberian, as used by the ancient authors, had two distinct meanings. One, more general, referred to all the populations of the Iberian peninsula without regard to ethnic differences. The other, more restricted ethnic sense and the one dea

    The Iberian culture developed from the 6th century BC, and perhaps as early as the fifth to the third millennium BC in the eastern and southern coasts of the Iberian peninsula. The Iberians lived in villages and oppida and their communities were based on a tribal organization. The Iberians in the Spanish Levant were more urbanized than their neighbors in the central and northwestern regions of the Iberian peninsula. The peoples in the central and northwest regions were mostly Celtic, semi-pastor

    Iberian society was divided into different classes, including kings or chieftains, nobles, priests, artisans and slaves. Iberian aristocracy, often called a "senate" by the ancient sources, met in a council of nobles. Kings or chieftains would maintain their forces through a system of obligation or vassalage that the Romans termed "fides". The Iberians adopted wine and olives from the Greeks. Horse breeding was particularly important to the Iberians and their nobility. Mining was also very impor

  4. Genetic history of the Iberian Peninsula — Wikipedia ...

    wiki2.org/en/Genetic_history_of_the_Iberian...

    The ancestry of modern Iberians (comprising the Spanish and Portuguese) is consistent with the geographical situation of the Iberian Peninsula in the south-west corner of Europe. The large predominance of Y-Chromosome Haplogroup R1b, common throughout Western Europe, is the result of Central European invaders during the Bronze Age, making the Spanish and Portuguese population closely related ...

  5. Iberian - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian

    Iberian refers to Iberia.Most commonly Iberian refers to: Someone or something originating in the Iberian Peninsula, namely from Spain, Portugal and Andorra.; The term Iberian is also used to refer to anything pertaining to the former Kingdom of Iberia, an exonym for the Georgian kingdom of Kartli

  6. Hispania - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hispania

    Hispania (/ h ɪ ˈ s p æ n i ə,-ˈ s p eɪ n-/ hih-SPA(Y)N-ee-ə, Latin: [hɪsˈpaːnɪ.a]) was the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula and its provinces. Under the Roman Republic, Hispania was divided into two provinces: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior.

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  8. Iberian Peninsula - Background | FamilyTreeDNA

    www.familytreedna.com/groups/iberian-dna/about/...

    The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. It has been inhabited for at least 500,000 years, first by Neanderthals and then by Cro-Magnon people (modern humans). The original peoples of the Iberian peninsula, consisted of a number of separate tribes, were given the generic name of Iberians.

  9. Celtiberians - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celtiberians

    The Celtiberians were a group of Celts and Celticized peoples inhabiting the central-eastern Iberian Peninsula during the final centuries BC. They were explicitly mentioned as being Celts by several classic authors (e.g. Strabo). These tribes spoke the Celtiberian language and wrote it by adapting the Iberian alphabet.

  10. Origin of the Basques - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Origin_of_the_Basques

    Native origin, the mainstream theory, according to which the Basque language would have developed over the millennia entirely between the north of the Iberian Peninsula and the current south of France, without the possibility of finding any kind of relationship between the Basque language and other modern languages in other regions.

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