The Iberian Peninsula / aɪ ˈ b ɪər i ə n /, also known as Iberia, is a peninsula in the southwest corner of Europe, defining the westernmost edge of Eurasia.It is principally divided between Spain and Portugal, comprising most of their territory, as well as a small area of Southern France, Andorra and the British overseas territory of Gibraltar.
Geological map of the Iberian Peninsula The geology of the Iberian Peninsula consists of the study of the rock formations on the Iberian Peninsula, which includes Spain, Portugal, Andorra, and Gibraltar. The peninsula contains rocks from every geological period from the Ediacaran to the Quaternary, and many types of rock are represented.
Original upload log. This image is a derivative work of the following images: Image:Blank_map_europe.svg licensed with PD-USGov-CIA-WF . 2008-06-09T20:44:17Z Cradel 680x520 (530422 Bytes) Reverted to version as of 17:01, 9 June 2008
People also ask
What countries are on the Iberian Peninsula?
What countries occupy the Iberian Peninsula?
What are facts about the Iberian Peninsula?
What is the smallest country on the Iberian Peninsula?
English: 18th century hand-coloured engraved map of the Iberian peninsula depicting various topographical features of the land, as published in Robert Wilkinson's General Atlas, circa 1794. (Volume 2., page 666.)
Most of the Iberian peninsula became part of the expanding Umayyad Empire, under the name of al-Andalus. It was organized as a province subordinate to Ifriqiya, so, for the first few decades, the governors of al-Andalus were appointed by the emir of Kairouan, rather than the Caliph in Damascus.
Located in the northwest Iberian Peninsula, it includes the provinces of A Coruña, Lugo, Ourense and Pontevedra. Galicia is bordered by Portugal to the south, the Spanish autonomous communities of Castile and León and Asturias to the east, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Cantabrian Sea to the north.
This is a list of the Pre-Roman people of the Iberian peninsula (the Roman Hispania, i. e., modern Portugal, Spain and Andorra). Some closely fit the concept of a people , ethnic group or tribe . Others are confederations or even unions of tribes.
Iberian appears to have five vowels commonly transcribed as a e i o u. Other modern languages on the peninsula such as Basque and Spanish also have such systems. Although five-vowel systems are extremely common all over the world, it has been suggested that this may point to a Sprachbund amongst the ancient languages of the Iberian peninsula.
Main language areas, peoples and tribes in Iberian Peninsula c. 300 BC., according to epigraphy and toponymy, based on the map by Luís Fraga Strabo cites Ephorus 's belief that there were Celts in the Iberian peninsula as far as Cadiz .