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  1. Here is a short list of the top things that people should know about the Iberian Lynx – before it disappears completely. Physical Features. The Iberian Lynx, also called the Lynx Pardinus, is known for its coat of yellowish to reddish-brown coat of hair. Like its distant cousin, the leopards, lynxes have dark brown spots of different sizes.

  2. Feb 10, 2020 · This study updates the list of alien animal species introduced and naturalised in inland waters of the Iberian Peninsula. Additionally, the most relevant characteristics and association patterns of these species (region of origin, taxonomic group, introduction pathway and main habitat) and introduction trends in the Iberian Peninsula, mainland ...

    • Rafael Muñoz-Mas, Emili García-Berthou
    • 7
    • 2020
  3. Answer: In the 1960s, there were around 3,000–6,000 Iberian lynxes living in the wilds of Spain. But as the years rolled by, the species became on the very edge of extinction – sure enough, due to endless years of habitat fragmentation, prey decline and over-hunting at the hands of Man, Iberian l...

    • Distribution
    • Habitat
    • Ecology
    • Reproduction
    • Threats
    • Conservation

    Iberian lynx are found only in two small areas of southwest Spain on the Iberian Peninsula, west of the Pyrenees mountains. Despite extensive surveys, they have not been detected in Portugal since the 1990’s. Closely related to the Eurasian Lynx, their ranges used to meet at the Spanish-French border along the Pyrenees Mountains. More recently, the range of the Iberian Lynx has significantly contracted, and now consists of a series of small islands of suitable natural habitat, such as national parks and reserves. Home ranges in Donana National Park 9.5 km² for females, and 18.2 km² for males. Male territories overlap those of several females.

    The Iberian lynx lives in Mediterranean forests composed of native oaks and abundant undergrowth and thickets. It favours a mixture of dense scrub for shelter and open pasture for hunting. They are usually absent from cropland and exotic tree plantations (eucalyptus and pine) where rabbits are also scarce. In the Doñana National Park, the majority of resting spots of lynx during the day were located in thick heather scrub. Suitable breeding dens and water are important habitat features for the Iberian lynx.

    These cats prefer areas of native Mediterranean woodlands with native oaks and abundant undergrowth. More than 90% of daytime rest sites are in thick heather scrub. They move along the edges of meadows and more open grassland areas, especially around dusk and dawn, to hunt their main prey species, the European rabbit. Adult lynx require one rabbit per day, but females with kittens need three each day. 75-93% of their diet in Donana National Park is the European rabbit. Only when the rabbit population crashes due to viral outbreaks, do they look to other prey such as small rodents, birds, and the young of wild boar, red deer, fallow deer, and wild sheep. Leaves, soil and other debris are scraped over large kills to be consumed later. Iberian Lynx show a great deal of seasonal and individual variation in activity levels. In summer they are nocturnal and crepuscular but in winter they are active during the daylight hours. Their overall activity patterns are closely synchronized with th...

    Mating season runs from December to February. One to four, usually 2-3, kittens are born after a gestation period of 60-70 days. Females choose small cavities (rock caves, branch piles, dense bushes, hollow trees, etc.) as breeding dens. The peak birthing season is March and April in central and southern Spain. Kittens stay in the natal den for the first 20 days, after which their mother moves them to as many as three or four other dens. This may give them more room as they begin to develop their motor skills, as well as help protect them against being discovered by predators as fecal material and smells build up. It may also help avoid parasite build up in any single den. Kittens are eating solid food by 28 days but will nurse for 3-4 months becoming independent around 10 months of age. Females with their own territory are able to breed at two years of age, but independent kittens often remain in their mother’s territory until 20 months of age. Males and females usually don’t breed...

    habitat destruction and alteration due to agricultural and industrial development
    conversion of native Mediterranean forest to plantations with no undergrowth
    direct persecution
    killed by automobiles

    The Iberian, or Spanish, Lynx is currently one of the most endangered wild cat species in the world. Between 1985 and 2001, their range declined by 87% and the number of breeding females dropped by more than 90%. By 2000, they existed in two small populations: 70-80 cats in the south of Andalusia and 170-180 individuals in the Sierra Morena. Their numbers were decimated by rapid habitat loss, with scrublands converted to agriculture and pine and eucalyptus plantations. Human development such as dams, highways and railways also encroached on their native habitat. While losing their habitat, humans were also over-hunting the cats main prey species, the European rabbit. When a disease called myxomatosis struck the remaining rabbits, the cat population dropped dramatically. In 2002, a recovery program of captive breeding was initiated. Following the program’s implementation, the number of cubs soon exceeded the facilities’ capacity, and five more centers were opened to house the animals...

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  5. Sep 27, 2021 · In their features, you can see the sweetness of domestic cats, only in a much larger size. Within its genus there are 4 different species, the Iberian lynx being one of the most threatened felines in the world.

  6. › 2020 › 12Endangered animals in Spain

    Dec 13, 2020 · Iberian wolf. The Iberian wolf is already officially an endangered species in Spain.These enigmatic wolves have suffered from the 1970s a systematic persecution for being considered a pest .south of the Pyrenees, At present, the protection measures have increased and it is estimated that they live between 1500 and 2000 copies distributed in the ...

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