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  1. The general features that developed over the long term included the definitive settlement of populations, the marking of political territories, the intensification of agriculture through the introduction of iron tools, the progressive development of social hierarchy, and accompanying ideological changes. THE ORIGINS OF IRON AGE IBERIA

    • Mexico City, Mexico – 8.919 Million
    • Lima, Peru – 8.894 Million
    • Bogota, Colombia – 7.862 Million
    • Santiago, Chile – 5.507 Million
    • Caracas, Venezuela – 3.290 Million
    • Madrid, Spain – 3.142 Million
    • Buenos Aires, Argentina – 3.054 Million
    • Asuncion, Paraguay – 2.967 Million
    • Quito, Ecuador – 2.552 Million
    • Havana, Cuba – 2.118 Million

    Mexico City is home to the largest Spanish-speaking population in the world, with nearly 9 million inhabitants as of 2015. Before the Spanish conquest of Mexico in 1518, many Mesoamerican civilizations could be found in this region, including the Aztec, Mayan, Toltec, Olmec, Teotihuacan, and Zapotec empires. Eventually, these civilizations would fa...

    Peru’s capital city of Lima is the second most populated capital city of any Spanish-speaking country. With a history similar to that of Mexico, Lima was made up of a variety of indigenous civilizations before the Spanish colonized the country that we now know as Peru. But it wasn’t just the Spanish who have laid ruin to the city of Lima. Throughou...

    Colombia was one of the first countries to fall to Spanish rule back in 1499, though the city of Bogota wasn’t always the capital. During the Spanish rule, Bogota’s smaller region of Santa Fe was considered the capital. After Colombia gained independence in 1810, Bogota would eventually become the country’s official capital. The Santa Fe district o...

    Santiago is the capital of Chile and the fourth most populated capital city of any Spanish-speaking country with about 5.5 million inhabitants as of 2015. The country of Chile was not discovered by the Spanish until 1520, and Santiago was established in 1541. Strategically placed in a valley below the snow-capped Andes Mountains, Santiago is as sce...

    After being ruled by Spain for over 300 years, it’s no surprise that Venezuela claims one of the largest Spanish-speaking populations in the world. The city of Caracas was founded in 1567 and became the country’s capital in 1577. It has remained the capital throughout its history, and today it is home to over 3 million residents. Situated in a moun...

    The Spanish language is derived from Spain, so it stands to reason that the country’s capital (Madrid) would house one of the largest Spanish-speaking populations in the world. However, Madrid has not always been the Spanish capital. The country of Spain can trace its origins all the way back to the 9th century when the Palacio Royal (or Royal Pala...

    Buenos Aires has served as the capital of Argentina since it was first colonized by Spain back in the 16th century. Unlike some of the other colonized countries in South America, Argentina was not deemed important enough to colonize due to its lack of silver and gold. It was therefore combined with the Viceroyalty of Peru until 1776 when the Vicero...

    Paraguay is a small, landlocked country between Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay, and its capital city of Asuncion is the 8th biggest capital of Spanish-speaking countries by population. Asuncion was established by Spaniards after their colonization of the indigenous tribes that once ruled the area. After 300 years of Spanish rule, Paraguay gained i...

    Quito, Ecuador is the 9th biggest Spanish-speaking capital in the world, with about 2.5 million residents as of 2015. It is the closest capital city to the equator, and it’s the only capital city in the entire world that sits directly next to an active volcano. Quito was not always the capital, however, and Ecuador did not become its own country un...

    Cuba is a country located in the Caribbean Ocean just off the coast of Florida. Cuba did not gain independence from Spain until 1902, making it one of the last countries to do so. The capital city of Havana is the 10th largest capital city of Spanish-speaking countries. With a history of piracy, colonialism, mobster rule, and revolutions, Cuba and ...

  2. All these historical eras have been unified by reflection and memories, another vital cultural feature of globalization that emerges clearly through this long-term review of Iberian worlds. People inhabiting the territories now known as Spain and Portugal shared in wide systems of contact, colonialism and control through the Phoenician, Greek ...

  3. here, al-andalus’s impressions are indicative: qurṭuba with its mosques and gardens, its public baths and water features, its university and public li- brary and schools, whose estimated population of half a million in the 10th century made it the most populous city in the mediterranean region, seemed to live again for one long moment—a moment …

    • Sabine Panzram
  4. Jul 15, 2016 · Over the span of 500 years, the city remained the capitals of several empires, from the Umayyad Caliphate, the Almoravid dynasty to the Almohad dynasty. The city grew into one of the most prosperous places in the Empire – advancing in economic developments, education and architecture. To this day, Sevilla is the heart and soul of Southern Spain.

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