- The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic and also known as Sanskrit languages or Neo-Saskrit languages) constitutes a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family.
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The meaning of 'Aryan' that was adopted into the English language in the late 18th century was the one associated with the technical term used in comparative philology, which in turn had the same meaning as that evident in the very oldest Old Indo-Aryan usage, i.e. as a (self-) identifier of "(speakers of) Indo-Aryan languages".
Maithili ( / ˈmaɪtɪli /; Maithilī) is an Indo-Aryan language native to India and Nepal. In India, it is widely spoken in the Bihar and Jharkhand states. Native speakers are also found in other states and union territories of India, most notably in Uttar Pradesh and the National Capital Territory of Delhi.
- English – 200 million (L2 speakers 2003)
- Indo-Pakistani Sign Language, Alipur Sign Language, Naga Sign Language (extinct)
"Indo-Aryan", then, simply refers to the branch of Aryan that is spoken in India (or the Indian subcontinent more generally). We cannot simply call the Indo-Aryan languages "Indian" because that is a geographical (or even political) reference which would cause ambiguity: the Dravidian languages and others are just as Indian as they are.
The Prakrits are a group of vernacular Middle Indo-Aryan languages used in India from around the 3rd century BCE to the 8th century CE. The term Prakrit is usually applied to the middle period of Middle Indo-Aryan languages, excluding earlier inscriptions and the later Pali. The Prakrits were used contemporaneously with the prestigious Classical Sanskrit of higher social classes. Prākṛta literally means "natural", as opposed to saṃskṛta, which literally means "constructed" or "refined".
Feb 22, 2021 · Indo-Aryan. A branch of Indo-Iranian and thus Indo-European language family, with a total number of native speakers of more than 900 million, chiefly in South Asia. Synonym: Indic; Translations
Aryan is the name that an ancient people of India and Iran gave to themselves. Descendants of the Aryans include speakers of Sanskrit and Avestan which are related to the Indo-European languages. Ancient Iranians used the name Aryan to mean nobles. The name "Iran" itself means the Land of the Aryans.
The Indo-Aryan languages (within the context of Indo-European studies also Indic ) are a branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, itself a branch of the Indo-European language family.