Turkish War of Independence. Boundaries in 1921. In the history of the 20th century, the interwar period lasted from 11 November 1918 to 1 September 1939 (20 years, 9 months, 21 days), the end of the First World War to the beginning of the Second World War. The interwar period was relatively short, yet featured many significant social ...
Interwar France covers the political, economic, diplomatic, cultural and social history of France from 1919 to 1939. France suffered heavily during World War I in terms of lives lost, disabled veterans and ruined agricultural and industrial areas occupied by Germany as well as heavy borrowing from the United States, Britain, and the French ...
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The interwar period was a time in history from 9 November 1918 to 1 September 1939, between the two world wars, World War I and World War II . The period began with many changes internationally. The League of Nations was created, which was made to bring peace to the world, but did not prevent problems with Nazi Germany, which soon left the League.
- Peace and Disarmament
- Latin America
- Asia and Africa
- Coming of World War II
- See Also
- Further Reading
There were no great wars in the 1920s. There were a few small wars on the periphery that generally ended by 1922 and did not threaten to escalate. The exceptions included the Russian Civil War of 1917-22, Polish–Soviet War of 1919-21, the Greco-Turkish War of 1919-22, and some civil wars, such as in Ireland. Instead, the ideals of peace is a theme ...
Britain was a troubled giant that was less of a dominant diplomatic force in the 1920s than before. It often had to give way to the United States, which frequently exercised its financial superiority. The main themes of British foreign policy include a role at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919, where Prime Minister Lloyd George worked hard to moderate French demands for revenge. He was partly successful, but Britain repeatedly had to restrain the French regarding Germany.Britain was an activ...
The main goal of French foreign policy between the wars was the diplomatic response to the demands of the French army in the 1920s and 1930s to form alliances against the German threat, especially with Britain and with smaller countries in central Europe.
Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism in Europe shortly after the First World War. It dominated Italy (1923–1943) and Nazi Germany (1933-1945) and played a role in other countries. It was based in tightly organised local groups, all controlled from the top. It violently opposed to liberalism, Marxism, and anarchism, and tried to control all aspects of society. The foreign policy Militaristic and aggressive. Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany were critical allies in the second wor...
The main foreign policy initiative of the United States was the Good Neighbor Policy, which was a move toward a more non-interventionist U.S. policy in Latin America. Since the 1890s Americans had seen this region as an American sphere of influence. American forces were withdrawn from Haiti, and new treaties with Cuba and Panama ended their status ...
In December 1921, demonstrations again led to violence. In deference to the growing nationalism and at the suggestion of the High Commissioner, Lord Allenby, the UK unilaterally declared Egyptian independence on 28 February 1922. Britain, however, continued in control of what was renamed the Kingdom of Egypt. Britain guided the king and retained control of the Canal Zone, Sudan and Egypt's external and military affairs. King Fuad died in 1936 and King Farouk inherited the throne at the age of...
In Japan, the Army increasingly took control of the government, assassinated opposing leaders, suppressed the left, and promoted a highly aggressive foreign policy with respect to China. Japanese policy angered the United States, Britain, France, and the Netherlands. Japanese nationalism was the primary inspiration, coupled with a disdain for democracy. The extreme right became influential throughout the Japanese government and society, notably within the Kwantung Army, which was stationed in...
The Chinese revolution of 1911 that overthrew the last Emperor resulted in a decade of chaotic conditions, with power held by regional warlords with no functioning national government. A series of economic boycotts, aimed especially at the dominant intruder Great Britain, effectively ended European domination of China. Sun Yat-sen, the ideological leader of the revolution against the old Chinese Empire, established a revolutionary base in south China, and tried but failed to unite the fragmen...
1. Turkish War of Independence 1.1. Greco-Turkish War(May 1919 – October 1922) 1.2. Turkish–Armenian War(September–December 1920) 1.3. Franco-Turkish War(December 1918 – October 1921) 1.4. Royalist and separatist revolts(1919–1923) 2. Unification of Saudi Arabia 2.1. Rashidi-Saudi War(1903–1921) 2.2. Kuwait-Saudi War(1919–1920) 2.3. Hejaz-Saudi War(1919–1925) 2.4. Transjordan-Saudi War(1922–1924) 3. Polish–Soviet War(February 1919 – March 1922) 4. Irish War of Independence(January 1919 – July...Albrecht-Carrié, René. A Diplomatic History of Europe Since the Congress of Vienna (1958), 736pp; a basic introduction, 1815–1955 online free to borrowCarr, Edward Hallett. The Twenty Years' Crisis, 1919-1939: an introduction to the study of international relations (1939). excerpt; online 1946 edition; famous statement of "realism"Gathorne-Hardy, G.M. A Short History of International Affairs, 1920-1939 (4th ed. 1950), 514pp online, British perspectiveGrossman, Mark ed. Encyclopedia of the Interwar Years: From 1919 to 1939(2000).
Apr 07, 2022 · In the history of the 20th century, the interwar period lasted from 11 November 1918 to 1 September 1939 (20 years, 9 months, 21 days), the end of the First World War to the beginning of the Second World War.
e In the United Kingdom, the interwar period (1918–1939) was a period of relative stability after the division of Ireland, though of economic stagnation. In politics the Liberal Party collapsed and the Labour Party became the main challenger to the dominant Conservative Party throughout the period.