Silesia tension between the Poles and Germans. Boundaries in 1921. In the history of the 20th century, the Interwar period lasted from 11 November 1918 to 1 September 1939 (20 years, 9 months and 21 days), the end of the First World War and the beginning of the Second World War. The Interwar period was relatively short, yet featured many ...
Interwar France covers the political, economic, diplomatic, cultural and social history of France from 1919 to 1939. France suffered heavily during World War I in terms of lives lost, disabled veterans and ruined agricultural and industrial areas occupied by Germany as well as heavy borrowing from the United States, Britain, and the French people. However, postwar reconstruction was rapid, and the long history of political warfare along religious lines was finally ended. Parisian culture was wor
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The Années folles ( French pronunciation: [ane fɔl], "crazy years" in French) was the decade of the 1920s in France. It was coined to describe the rich social, artistic, and cultural collaborations of the period. The same period is also referred to as the Roaring Twenties or the Jazz Age in the United States.
- Early to Interwar Years
- World War II
- Post-War Period
Netter was born to Blanche Isaac and Mathieu Netter, an industrialist from the Alsace region of France whose business was processing bird down. Her mother died when she was 14. After gaining her higher certificate at school she followed secondary school studies for girls at the Sorbonne. She married Pierre Isaac Gompel in 1911 and the following year gave birth to her son, Didier Gompel-Netter. Her husband had poor health and was not sent to the front to fight in World War I; he was employed as a driver before being demobilised because of illness between 1915 and 1916. Netter worked as a military nurse until 1917, assigned to fr:l'Hôpital Militaire Complémentaire de Meaux. In 1918, her husband left the family home. She divorced him the following year and, with her father's support, returned to studies, becoming an advocate in 1920. In 1923, Netter co-founded the Jewish Women's Union for Palestine with Suzanne Zadoc-Kahn, wife of doctor and chair of the Central Committee of Keren Haye...
In 1940, shortly after the defeat of France to the Nazis, Madeleine Fauconneau du Fresne – an activist for the Moral Re-Armament movement begun by Frank Buchman – was advised by a friend to engage the services of Netter after she was called to court to answer charges of defamation following an argument with a neighbour. The two became good friends and this led Netter to convert to Catholicism, but nonetheless she was banned from her advocacy in 1941 because of her Jewish background. For the same reason, she was arrested on 4 July 1942 by French police and a Gestapo agent and interned at fr:Caserne des Tourelles. On 13 August, she was transferred to Drancy and finally, on 1 September, to Pithiviers. While she was in the Pithiviers hospital, due to severe dysentery, Fauconneau du Fresne was able to visit and pass on details of an escape plan arranged with Line Piguet, the wife of Dr.Robert Piguet, and with the help of a laundry worker there. While attending mass, Netter wore a friend'...
After the liberation of France, Netter recommenced her advocacy from her base in Paris. She and Fauconneau du Fresne remained close for the rest of their lives. She died on 30 August 1985 in Paris, survived by her son. In 2018, Fauconneau du Fresne was given the title Righteous Among the Nations for saving Netter, a title also previously granted to the Tessier, Piguet and Cardin families for saving her and others. A commemorative plaque in Netter's honour is installed on the exterior of 3 Quai aux Fleurs, Paris 4e.
Cached. The interwar period was a time in history from 1918 to 1939, between the two world wars, World War I and World War II. The period began with many changes internationally. The League of Nations was created, which was made to bring peace to the world, but did not prevent problems with Nazi Germany, which soon left the League.
The Interwar Period (1918–1939) is understood, within recent Western culture, to be the period between the end of the First World War and the beginning of the Second World War. This is also called the period between the wars or interbellum. This period was marked by turmoil in much of the world, as Europe struggled to recover from the devastation of the First World War.