The Iran–Iraq War (Persian: جنگ ایران و عراق ; Arabic: حرب الخليج الأولى, الحرب الإيرانية العراقية ) was a protracted armed conflict that began on 22 September 1980 when Iraq invaded neighbouring Iran, in retaliation for Iran’s bombing of Iraqi villages on the border on 4th September 1980.
- 22 September 1980 – 20 August 1988, (7 years, 10 months, 4 weeks and 1 day)
- Stalemate; both sides claim victory, Iraqi failure to capture Iranian territories and bolster Arab separatism in Iran's Khuzestan province, Iranian failure to topple Saddam Hussein and destroy Iraqi military power as well as inspire sectarian divide in Iraq, United Nations Security Council Resolution 598
The Iran–Iraq War was a war between the armed forces of Iraq and Iran lasting from September 1980 to August 1988. It was commonly called the Persian Gulf War until Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990. The Iraq-Kuwait war, which the United States entered, later was called the Persian Gulf War or the Gulf War.
A 1,300-page US Army Iraq War study, released in January 2019, concluded that “At the time of this project’s completion in 2018, an emboldened and expansionist Iran appears to be the only victor" and that the outcome of the war triggered a "deep skepticism about foreign interventions” among America's public opinion.
- 20 March 2003 – 15 December 2011, (8 years, 8 months and 29 days)
- Invasion and occupation of Iraq, Overthrow of Ba'ath Party government and execution of Saddam Hussein, Emergence of significant insurgency, rise of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Civil war between 2006 and 2008, Subsequent reduction in violence and depletion of al-Qaeda in Iraq in 2008, Establishment of parliamentary democracy and formation of new Shia-led government, Withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq in 2011, Stronger Iranian influence in Iraq, Escalation of sectarian insurgency after U.S. withdrawal leading to the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, the successor of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Re-escalation of conflict in 2013 ending in 2017, Return of U.S. forces to Iraq in 2014, Low-level insurgency following 2017
People also ask
Is Iraq and Iran the same country?
How is the Iraq/Iran war got started?
What was the cause of the Iran Iraq War?
What is the history of Iran and Iraq?
The Iraq War was an armed conflict that began in 2003 with the invasion of Iraq by a United States -led coalition that toppled the government of Saddam Hussein . The conflict continued for much of the next ten years as an insurgency emerged to oppose the occupying forces and the post-invasion Iraqi government. An estimated 151,000 to 600,000 or ...
- 20 March 2003 – 18 December 2011, (8 years and 8 or 9 months)
- Invasion and occupation of Iraq, Overthrow of Ba'ath Party government and execution of Saddam Hussein, Emergence of significant insurgency, rise of al-Qaeda in Iraq, severe sectarian violence, Subsequent reduction in violence and depletion of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Establishment of democratic elections and formation of new Shia led government, Withdrawal of U.S. forces from Iraq in 2011, Stronger Iranian influence in Iraq, Escalation of sectarian insurgency after U.S. withdrawal leading to the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, the successor of al-Qaeda in Iraq, Iraqi Civil War (2014–2017), Return of U.S. forces to Iraq in 2014, Subsequent end of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant in Iraq in 2017
Since the starting and the ending of the Iran–Iraq War in the 1980s, the foreign policy of Pakistan respectively played a complex role in the conventional settlement of the Iran-Iraq war. According to the national security experts, the role of Pakistan in the Iran–Iraq War, however, was based more on maintaining a delicate balance.
- Weapon sales
- Destruction of Osirak reactor
- Other aid
Israel's role in the Iran–Iraq war consisted of support provided by Israel to Iran during the Iran–Iraq War from 1980 to 1988. During the war, Israel was one of the main suppliers of military equipment to Iran. Israel also provided military instructors during the war and direct support to Iran's war effort, when it bombed and destroyed Iraq's Osirak nuclear reactor, during Operation Opera. The nuclear reactor was a central component of Iraq's nuclear weapons program. Israel supported...
Before the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Iran under the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was an ally and major buyer of Israeli weapons. However, after the revolution, the new government of Ayatollah Khomeini, froze relations with Israel and was openly hostile towards it. Relations betwe
Unable to get military equipment from the Carter administration, the Iranians reached out through back channels to the Israeli government and negotiated a preliminary covert arms deal between the two countries. In early 1980, the first military equipment sale by Israel to the Ira
On 22 September 1980 Iraq attacked Iran. With the start of the war, Iran was under substantial pressure to gain access to military equipment to defend itself. Iran specifically required American-made and British-made military equipment, since its arsenal was based on American arm
Israeli arms sales to Iran totaled an estimated $500 million from 1981 to 1983 according to the Jaffe Institute for Strategic Studies at Tel Aviv University.:107 Other arms experts estimated the total sales at more than $500 million per year including aircraft spare parts, artill
Ariel Sharon, Israel's defense minister, was the first to publicly disclose Israeli sale of military equipment to Iran during his visit to United States in May 1982. In a news conference in Paris on 28 September 1983, Sharon said that Israel was selling arms to Iran with the cons
Israel facilitated from 1985–1986 arms shipments from the United States to Iran as part of the Iran–Contra Affair.:110–126 The Iran–Contra Affair began in late 1984 when representatives of Israel and Iran met to discuss ways of opening an arms channel with the United ...
On 7 June 1981, a squadron of Israeli Air Force F-16A fighter aircraft, with an escort of F-15As, bombed and heavily damaged the Osirak nuclear reactor in Iraq.:107 Iran originally bombed the Osirak reactor in September 1980, but the attack only damaged secondary buildings. The reactor was part of Iraq's weapon program as had been reported on September 8, 1975, then-Vice President Saddam Hussein declared publicly that the acquisition of the French reactors was the first actual step in the produc
According to John Bulloch and Harvey Morris, the Israelis devised and manufactured the huge, lightweight polystyrene blocks which the Iranian assault forces carried with them to build instant makeshift causeways across the shallow Iraqi water defenses in front of Basra; Israel kept Iranian planes flying in spite of a lack of spares, and Israeli instructors taught Iranian commanders how to handle troops.:17 Gerard Beau, a journalist for Luxembourg RTL, who was at the front line when the war broke
According to Ronen Bergman, Israel's goals were to: reestablish some influence in Iran which was lost when the Shah was defeated in 1979; prevent Iraq from conquering Iran as they feared a victorious Saddam Hussein, and create business for the Israeli weapons industry. Israeli prime ministers Menahem Begin, Yitzhak Shamir, and Shimon Peres were the key Israeli leaders during the war. Trita Parsi writes that Israel supplied Iran with arms and ammunition because it viewed Iraq as a danger to the p
10/7/2014 Iran–Iraq War - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Iran–Iraq War From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Iran–Iraq War, also known as the First Persian Gulf War, was an armed conflict between the Islamic Republic of Iran and the Ba'athist Republic of Iraq lasting from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century's longest
Iran–Iraq War - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Iran–Iraq War
Iran-Iraq War, 1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns since Sept. 4.