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  1. Iraq - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iraq

    Iraq (Arabic: ٱلْعِرَاق ‎, al-ʿIrāq; Kurdish: عێراق ‎ Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق ‎ Jumhūriīyah al-ʿIrāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق ‎ Komarî Êraq), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to ...

  2. Iraq - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    simple.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iraq
    • Politics
    • Geography
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    From 1968 to 2003, Iraq was run by the Ba'ath Party. Saddam Hussein was the President from 1979 until the disbandment of the Ba'ath Party. After the 1990 invasion of Kuwaitmany countries, including the United States, United Kingdom, Saudi Arabia, France, Italy, Pakistan, and others fought to free Kuwait. Later, some agents believed to be sent by Saddam Hussein tried to kill former President George H. W. Bush with a truck bomb in Kuwait. The March 2003 invasion of Iraq was led by American, British, Australian, Danish and Polish forces. They forced the Ba'ath Party to surrender. The publicly stated reason for the invasion was that Saddam Hussein refused to let United Nations inspectors look for suspected nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons. In the past, Iraq used chemical weapons to kill people. Iraq had done research in making biological and nuclear weapons. The country was initially split into 3 zones, the American zone, the British zone, and the Polish zone similar to the way...

    The country area lies between two rivers; for this reason the area was called Mesopotamia in ancient ages. The rivers Euphrates and Tigris bound what is called the Fertile Crescent. Iraq also has a small coastline along the Persian Gulf, and this coastline was considered the heart of the petroleum trade in Iraq before the First Gulf War. The weather is extremely hot and dry because Iraq is far from seas and oceansand even the close ones are blocked by mountains so that the rainy wind can not reach the inlands. This region has fertile land because of the two rivers. Iraq is divided into 18 provinces (muhafazah).

    Iraq has a large amount of oil. Iraq is the world's number four in petroleum production and the world's number two in petroleum reserves. In the past, Iraq sold much of this oil to other countries. After Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, the United Nations stopped Iraq from selling the oil. The United Nations later allowed Iraq to sell some oil to buy food, clothes, and medicine so the people would not suffer as much. This was called the "Oil-for-Food" program.

  3. History of Iraq - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › History_of_Iraq

    Iraq's territorial claims to neighboring countries were largely due to the plans and promises of the Entente countries in 1919–1920, when the Ottoman Empire was divided, to create a more extensive Arab state in Iraq and Jazeera, which would also include significant territories of eastern Syria, southeastern Turkey, all of Kuwait and Iran’s ...

  4. Portal:Iraq - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Portal:Iraq

    Iraq (Arabic: ٱلْعِرَاق ‎, al-ʿIrāq; Kurdish: عێراق ‎ Êraq), officially the Republic of Iraq (Arabic: جُمْهُورِيَّة ٱلْعِرَاق ‎ Jumhūriīyah al-ʿIrāq; Kurdish: کۆماری عێراق ‎ Komarî Êraq), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to ...

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  6. Iraq War - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › War_of_Iraq

    In October 2002, Congress granted President Bush the power to decide whether to launch any military attack in Iraq. The Iraq War began on 20 March 2003, when the U.S., joined by t

  7. Kingdom of Iraq - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Kingdom_of_Iraq
    • Overview
    • Kingdom of Iraq under de facto British administration
    • History
    • Demographics

    The Hashemite Kingdom of Iraq was a state located in the Middle East from 1932 to 1958. It was founded on 23 August 1921 following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in the Mesopotamian campaign of World War I. Although a League of Nations mandate was awarded to the UK in 1920, the 1920 Iraqi revolt resulted in the scrapping of the original mandate plan in favour of a formally sovereign Iraqi kingdom but one under effective British administration. The plan was formally established by the Anglo-Ira

    The territory of Iraq was under Ottoman dominance until the end of World War I, becoming an occupied territory under the British military from 1918. In order to transform the region to civil rule, Mandatory Mesopotamia was proposed as a League of Nations Class A mandate under Article 22 and entrusted to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, when the former territories of that Ottoman Empire were divided in August 1920 by the Treaty of Sèvres. However, the 1920 Iraqi revolt ...

    With the signing of the Anglo-Iraqi Treaty and the settling of the Mosul Question, Iraqi politics took on a new dynamic. The emerging class of Sunni and Shia landowning tribal sheikhs vied for positions of power with wealthy and prestigious urban-based Sunni families and with Ott

    After Faisal died in 1933, King Ghazi reigned as a figurehead from 1933 to 1939, when he was killed in a motor accident. Pressure from Arab nationalists and Iraqi nationalists demanded that the British leave Iraq, but their demands were ignored by the United Kingdom. Upon achievi

    The 1941 Iraqi coup d'état overthrew the pro-British Prime minister Taha al-Hashimi and placed Rashid Ali al-Gaylani as prime minister of a pro-Nazi government called "the National defense government", the Regent 'Abd al-Ilah fled the royal palace after learning of this and with

    The population estimate in 1920 was 3 million, with the largest ethnic groups being Arabs, Kurds, Assyrians, and Turkmens, with minorities of Persians, Yezidis, Jews, Mandaeans, Shabaks, Armenians, and Kawliyah. During the Iraqi Hashemite rule, Arab population began to expand on the expense of other ethnic groups both due to higher birth rates and government policies which preferred Arab Sunni minority other other ethnic and religious groups. In 1955, Iraqi population reached 6.5 million people.

  8. Iraqi nationalism - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Greater_Iraq
    • Overview
    • Iraqi nationalist identity and culture
    • Irredentism
    • Symbols
    • Iraqi nationalism today

    Iraqi nationalism is a form of nationalism which asserts the belief that Iraqis are a nation and promotes the cultural unity of Iraqis, of all ethnoreligious groups; Arabs, Kurds, Turkmens, Assyrians, Yazidis, Mandeans, Shabaks, Kawliya, Dom, Yarsans, and others. Iraqi nationalism involves the recognition of an Iraqi identity stemming from ancient Mesopotamia including its civilizations of Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia and Assyria. Iraqi nationalism influenced Iraq's movement for independence from Ott

    Iraqi nationalism has emphasized Iraq's cultural heritage which dates back to ancient Sumer, Akkad, Babylonia and Assyria, states that are considered the cradle of civilization that spread civilization to other parts of the world. The Babylonian ruler Nebuchadnezzar II and Kurdish Muslim leader Saladin during the Crusades are two important historical figures of Iraq and iconic figures in Iraqi nationalism. The concept of contemporary Iraqi national identity may have originated with the rebellion

    After gaining independence in 1932, the Iraqi government immediately declared that Kuwait was rightfully a territory of Iraq, claiming it had been part of an Iraqi territory until being created by the British. The Qassim government held an irredentist claim to Khuzestan. It also held irredentist claims to Kuwait. Saddam Hussein's government sought to annex several territories. In the Iran-Iraq War, Saddam claimed that Iraq had the right to hold sovereignty to the east bank of the Shatt al-Arab r

    The flag of Iraq from 1924–1959. It uses the colours of the Hashimite royal family, the two stars symbolize the two major ethnicities of Iraq, the Arabs and the Kurds.

    After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the country fell into a state of chaos. weak central government along with the rise of sectarian civil war among the Iraqi people diminished the value of Iraqi nationalism. Many who call for a revival of Iraqi nationalism for the glory of the Iraqi people are stigmatized and stereotyped as Ba'athists. As living conditions deteriorated in many parts of the country and constant fighting raged on, many people thought less of their Iraqi heritage. In recent years, an

  9. Iraq - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Iraq

    Iraq is bordered bi Jordan tae the wast, Sirie tae the northwast, Turkey tae the north, Iran tae the east, an Kuwait an Saudi Arabie tae the sooth. Iraq haes a narrae section o coastline measurin 58 km (35 mile) on the northren Persie Gulf. The caipital ceety, Baghdad is in the centre-east o the kintra.

  10. Governorates of Iraq - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Governorates_of_Iraq

    Iraq presently consists of 19 governorates (محافظة muḥāfażah in Arabic, parêzga in Kurdish), also known as "provinces". Per the Iraqi constitution, three or more governorates can join to form an autonomous region.

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