Ireland Éire (Irish) Airlann (Ulster Scots) Satellite image, October 2010 Location of Ireland (dark green) in Europe (green & dark grey) Geography Location Northwestern Europe Coordinates 53°25′N 8°0′W / 53.417°N 8.000°W / 53.417; -8.000 Coordinates: 53°25′N 8°0′W / 53.417°N 8.000°W / 53.417; -8.000 Adjacent bodies of water Atlantic Ocean Area 84,421 km ...
- 84,421 km² (32,595 sq mi)
- 6,572,728 (2016)
- Northwestern Europe
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Oct 07, 2020 · Ireland, country of western Europe occupying five-sixths of the westernmost major island of the British Isles. The country is noted for a rich heritage of culture and tradition that was linked initially to the Gaelic language. Its capital city is Dublin.
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Translate Irlanda. See authoritative translations of Irlanda in English with example sentences and audio pronunciations.
The Celtic people occupied great stretches of land across central Europe by 500 BC. They first arrived in Ireland around 300 BC, subsequently controlling and influencing this land that the powerful Roman culture never reached. The Pope in Rome (Celestinus the First) sent the first Christian missionaries to Ireland in the 5th century, including St. Patrick. The Catholic faith spread rapidly, and by the turn of the century abbeys and monasteries were beacons of hope across Ireland. This somewhat peaceful Celtic world was first invaded by the Vikings in the late 8th century. Their overpowering raids of monasteries and villages continued through the 10th century, and they eventually built permanent power base settlements at Cork, Dublin and Waterford.
Localized fighting over land and property continued for decades, but over time, some Celtic family groups and Vikings reached alliances - sort of a workable, live together understanding. That ended when the Irish King Brian Boru defeated the Danish Vikings in 1014. They quickly instigated a policy called 'plantation,' where waves of Scottish and English Protestants literally took the available land from the now weakened Catholics, laying the groundwork for the strong differences and bitterness that remain to this day. Understandably, the now angry and proud Celts rebelled, and bloody riots soon followed. Then, after the native Irish supported the losing side in England's Civil War, the worst for Ireland was yet to come.
In 1169, aggressive English and Norman forces crossed the Irish Sea; Dublin (a Viking stronghold) and other cities quickly fell, and the all-powerful Pope (in Rome) declared that Henry II (the English King) was now the \\"Lord of Ireland.\\" As you can imagine, that didn't sit very well with the locals.
Centuries of conflicts and localized wars continued, and finally, the embattled Irish chiefs were forced to retreat into the northern province of Ulster (parts of which are now Northern Ireland). By 1607, most, if not all, would flee this land and the English saw an opening.
In 1649, Oliver Cromwell, England's \\"Protestant\\" Lord Protector, (on the winning side in that war) led a punitive expedition into Ireland. The massacre was bloody, brutal and most destructive - and not yet forgotten.
As the English enforced strict (none of this, none of that) new laws on the Catholics, Protestant powers increased, and Ireland and its northern areas grew further apart, primarily for economic reasons.
- John Moen
Explora la isla de Irlanda. Sigue los pasos de los gigantes en la costa de la Calzada; disfruta del mosaico de sabores irlandeses en Cork; déjate cautivar por las historias que las gentes de Dublín tienen que contarte; capitanea un barco por el Río Shannon; revive la maravilla del Titanic en Belfast; o atrapa un momento mágico en la ruta costera del Atlántico.
Etimología. El artículo 4 de la Constitución de Irlanda, la cual fue adoptada en 1937, dice que «el nombre del Estado es Éire, o en inglés, Ireland».  Para todos los propósitos oficiales, incluyendo relaciones internacionales y otros documentos legales, el gobierno irlandés usa el nombre de Ireland, además de utilizar Éire para documentos escritos en irlandés.
L'Irlanda viene chiamata anche "Isola di smeraldo" o "Paese Verde" per le sue immense distese di prati e pascoli che occupano più dei 2/3 del territorio. L'isola d'Irlanda si estende per 84 421 km² (32 595 mi²) dei quali cinque sesti appartengono all'Éire. È bagnata ad ovest dall'Oceano Atlantico, a nord-est dal Canale del Nord.