Irreligion or nonreligion is the absence or rejection of religion, or indifference to it. According to the Pew Research Center 's 2012 global study of 230 countries and territories, 16% of the world's population is not affiliated with any religion. 
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The term irreligion is a combination of the noun religion and the ir- form of the prefix in-, signifying "not" (similar to irrelevant). It was first attested in French as irréligion in 1527, then in English as irreligion in 1598. It was borrowed into Dutch as irreligiein the 17th century, though it is not certain from which language.Agnostic atheism is a philosophical position that encompasses both atheism and agnosticism. Agnostic atheists are atheistic because they do not hold a belief in the existence of any deity and agnos...Agnosticism is the view that the existence of God, of the divine or the supernatural is unknown or unknowable.Apatheism is the attitude of apathyor indifference towards the existence or non-existence of god(s).
In 1993, the UN's human rights committee declared that article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights "protects theistic, non-theistic and atheistic beliefs, as well as the right not to profess any religion or belief."The committee further stated that "the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief necessarily entails the freedom to choose a religion or belief, including the right to replace one's current religion or belief with another or to adopt atheistic views." Signatories to the convention are barred from "the use of threat of physical force or penal sanctions to compel believers or non-believers" to recant their beliefs or convert. Most democracies protect the freedom of religion, and it is largely implied in respective legal systems that those who do not believe or observe any religion are allowed freedom of thought. A noted exception to ambiguity, explicitly allowing non-religion, is Article 36 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of Ch...
Although 11 countries listed below have nonreligious majorities, it does not necessary correlate with non-identification. For example, 58% of the Swedish population identify with the Lutheran Church.Also, though Scandinavian countries have among the highest measures of nonreligiosity and even atheism in Europe, 47% of atheists who live in those countries are still formally members of the national churches. Determining objective irreligion, as part of societal or individual levels of secularity and religiosity, requires cultural sensitivity from researchers. This is especially so outside the West, where the Western Christian concepts of "religious" and "secular" are not rooted in local civilization. Many East Asians identify as "without religion" (wú zōngjiào in Chinese, mu shūkyō in Japanese, mu jong-gyo in Korean), but "religion" in that context refers only to Buddhism or Christianity. Most of the people "without religion" practice Shinto and other folk religions. In the Muslim wor...
According to political/social scientist Ronald F. Inglehart, "influential thinkers from Karl Marx to Max Weber to Émile Durkheim predicted that the spread of scientific knowledge would dispel religion throughout the world", but religion continued to prosper in most places during the 19th and 20th centuries. Inglehart and Pippa Norrisargue faith is "more emotional than cognitive", and advance an alternative thesis ("existential security"). They postulate that rather than knowledge or ignorance of scientific learning determining religiosity, it is how weak/vulnerable a society is that does this – religious values being more important the more poor and chaotic a society is, and less so as they become more rich and secure. As need for the support of religion diminishes, there is less willingness to "accept its constraints, including keeping women in the kitchen and gay people in the closet".The Understanding Unbelief program in the University of Kent.
Religion in Denmark. Roskilde Cathedral has been the burial place of Danish royalty since the 15th century. In 1995 it became a World Heritage Site. Vor Frelsers Kirke in Esbjerg, Jutland. Religion in Denmark is prominently Christianity in the form of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Denmark (Danish: Folkekirken ), the state religion.
Dec 25, 2020 · Retrieved 25 February 2019. ↑ "Flet gjenerali 100 vjeçar: Kush janë 4 kriminelët e Shqipërisë, si e njoh Berishën dhe Ramën". Dosja AL. 3 May 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2019. ↑ "Nation Building" (PDF). Ipos. Retrieved 30 July 2017. ↑ "Edi Rama: Jam katolik, fëmijët e parë i kam ortodoks, gruan e kam myslimane". Telegrafi. 20 February ...
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In the late Ottoman era, in order to overcome the religious divisions among Albanians between members of the local Sunni Muslim, Orthodox Christian, Bektashi Muslim and Roman Catholic Christian communities. Albanian nationalism, as it emerged, tended to urge Albanians to disregard religious differences, arguing that divisive sectarian religious fanaticism was alien to Albanian culture, and propagated what some historians refer to as a "'civic religion' of Albanianism". Vaso Pasha's famous poem O moj Shqypni told Albanians to "swear an oath not to mind [lit. "look to"] church or mosque" because "the faith of the Albanian is Albanianism" (Albanian: feja e shqiptarit është shqiptaria or in Gheg Albanian: Feja e shqyptarit asht shqyptarija). Albanian national revivalists in the 19th century such as Faik Konitza, Jani Vreto and Zef Jubani were often anti-clerical in rhetoric (Konitza said in 1897: "Every faith religion makes me puke", or Albanian: Më vjen për të vjellur nga çdo fe) but t...
Prevalence of irreligion
Different surveys have produced considerably varying figures for size of the irreligious population of Albania. A simple majority of the population claimed "no religious alliance" in 1993 while the irreligious population was recorded at 74% in 1994 and more than 72% reported in 2005 as per religious practice (the remainder was 21% forms of Islam, 6% Orthodoxy and 3% Catholicism). In August 2012, Pew Research study found out that only 15 percent of the Muslim population for example, consider r...
Characteristics of the general population
Younger Albanians have been found to manifest more irreligion than their elders, making the trend in Albania opposite that found in Bosniaand those of Orthodox background have been found to report the lowest importance of "God in their lives", closely followed by those of Muslim background, while those of Catholic background showed greater "importance of God in their lives" (for example, 54.5% of those of Catholic background said that God was "very important in their lives", compared to 26.7%...
Prevalence of specific beliefs
In the European Values Survey in 2008, Albania had the highest unbelief in the life after death among all other countries, with 74.3% not believing in it. According to the WIN/Gallup International study in 2016 about the beliefs of the Albanians: 1. 80%believed in a god 2. 40%believed in Life after death 3. 57%believed that people have a soul 4. 40%believed in hell 5. 42%believed in heaven
In Albania, religious identity is typically defined by attribution, typically via one's familial religious background, rather than actual adherence, and regardless of an individual's religiosity or lack thereof, it can still be socially significant, as it is occasionally linked to historical socioeconomic and cultural factorsin some contexts. Some well-known Albanian contemporary atheists include Ismail Kadare, Dritëro Agolli, Ben Blushi, Andi Bushati[sq], Fatos Lubonja, Mustafa Nano, Saimir Pirgu, Diana Çuli,Elton Deda, Fatos Tarifa, Edmond Tupja[sq], Ylli Rakipi[sq], Gilman Bakalli,Blendi Fevziu, Moikom Zeqo[sq] and Rrahman Parllaku[sq]. Some antipathy toward overt atheists has been detected in surveys—in one edition of the World Values Survey, 19.7% of Catholics, 17% of Muslims, and 9.4% of Orthodox "strongly agreed" that "those who don't believe in God" are unfit for office (total agreeing: 47.3% of Catholics, 46.9% of Muslims and 37% of Orthodox).[dead link]According to a 2011...
Sep 14, 2021 · Retrieved 14 October 2019. ^ "More than 570 thousand people were killed on the Syrian territory within 8 years of revolution demanding freedom, democracy, justice, and equality • The Syrian Observatory For Human Rights". 15 March 2019. ^ (UNHCR), United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. "UNHCR Syria Regional Refugee Response".