- Cholera is a bacterial disease usually spread through contaminated water. Cholera causes severe diarrhea and dehydration. Left untreated, cholera can be fatal within hours, even in previously healthy people. Modern sewage and water treatment have virtually eliminated cholera in industrialized countries.
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Cholera is highly contagious. Cholera can be transferred person to person by infected fecal matter entering a mouth or by water or food contaminated with Vibrio cholerae bacteria. The organisms can survive well in salty waters and can contaminate humans and other organisms that contact or swim in the water.
Communicable Disease. Infectious disease is caused by certain microorganisms called pathogens and leads to infections. These can be spread from one person to another hence are also called communicable disease. For example cholera, malaria, chickenpox. Non-communicable Disease. Non-infectious are non-communicable diseases and caused by a variety of reasons. Some of the reasons for the non-infectious disease are genetics, nutritional deficiency, age and sex of the individual and so on.
In developing countries, the concern is to detect communicable disease outbreaks early and to stop their mortality, spread, and potential harm to trade and tourism. When cholera entered Peru in 1991, it spread through the existing sanitation and water systems, causing more than 3,000 deaths (9).
These types of diseases can be prevented by minimising the risk factors by maintaining daily exercise, regular medical check-up, and a healthy diet. Infectious diseases cannot be inherited. Some Non-communicable diseases are inherited. Examples include cholera, malaria, dengue, AIDS, typhoid, common cold and flu.
Non-Communicable Diseases as the name suggests are not transmitted from person to person but is a result of combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral factors. They are also known as chronic diseases as they remain for longer period of time.
Tuberculosis and cholera are both communicable diseases caused by a bacterium in each case. Influenza, HIV, hepatitis chickenpox, COVID-19, and measles are all contagious illnesses caused by viruses. Treatment:
Communicable Disease- Cholera: Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease caused by V. Cholera (classical or El T). It is now commonly due to the El T or biotype. The majority of infections are mild or symptomatic. Epidemics of cholera are characteristically abrupt and often create an acute public health problem.
Once thought to be diseases of the past, infectious diseases are on the rise as never before. At the end of the twentieth century, six major infectious diseases were responsible for approximately 90% of infectious disease mortality: acute respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases, AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis, and measles. As well as high
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