en.wikivoyage.org/wiki/Guatemala#:~:text=During the colonial period, Guatemala was an Audiencia,was therefore not considered to be as important.
- During the colonial period, Guatemala was an Audiencia and a Captaincy General of Spain, and a part of New Spain (Mexico). It extended from the modern Mexican states of Tabasco and Chiapas to Costa Rica. This region was not as rich in minerals (gold and silver) as Mexico and Peru, and was therefore not considered to be as important.
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During the colonial period, Guatemala was an audiencia, a captaincy-general ( Capitanía General de Guatemala) of Spain, and a part of New Spain (Mexico). The first capital, Villa de Santiago de Guatemala (now known as Tecpan Guatemala ), was founded on 25 July 1524 near Iximché, the Kaqchikel capital city.
These kingdoms were independent of New Spain (separate from New Spain itself): Nueva Galicia (1530), Captaincy General of Guatemala (1540), Nueva Vizcaya (1562), New Kingdom of León (1569), Santa Fe de Nuevo México (1598), Nueva Extremadura (1674), and Nuevo Santander (1746). New Spain proper was itself organized in captaincies general.
- Guatemala-Mexico Border
- Guatemala-Belize Border
- Guatemala-Honduras Border
- Guatemala-El Salvador Border
Guatemala and Mexico share an extensive border that runs from the western region to the northern region of Guatemala. The international border between the two countries is 541 miles long. It is Guatemala’s longest border with another nation. Some of the administrative units along the border in Guatemala include El Quiché, San Marcos, El Petén, and Huehuetenango. Some parts of the border are fenced while natural features such as rivers mark others. Official border posts that allow people’s movement between the two countries are scattered along the border. The Guatemala-Mexico border is crucial in the region as it allows for trade between the two nations and trade with other Central American nations. Nonetheless, the border has also been a source of conflict between Guatemala and Mexico. Guatemalan citizens are often accused of illegally crossing into Mexico through the Guatemala–Mexico border. Criminals often use the border to smuggle weapons and drugs between Mexico and Guatemala. R...
The border between Guatemala and Belizeappears as a straight line. It separates the eastern region of Guatemala from the western region of Belize. The Guatemala-Belize border is 165 miles long, and it is the second longest border in Guatemala. Since the 18th century, Guatemala and Belize have been in serious conflict over the border between the two nations. Guatemala claims to own as much as 4,247 square miles of territory situated in Belize. The two countries in Central America have remained in disagreement over the Guatemala-Belize border. In April 2018, Guatemala voted to have the International Court of Justice resolve the dispute with Belize. Belize will also hold a referendum to determine the way forward. Guatemala and Belize share important infrastructure close to the border area. One major highway passes through the Guatemala-Belize border and links the two nations.
The Guatemala-Honduras border is the third longest border in Guatemala. It links the eastern part of Guatemala and the northwestern part of Honduras. The border stretches for 164 miles. The border region is listed as the most dangerous regions in Central America. The area is said to have the leading murder rate in the entire world. The region is known for mega-crimes such as drug trafficking, human trafficking, violence, and murders. Lack of effective law enforcement has enabled criminals to thrive in the region. As a result, the Guatemala-Honduras border has accelerated crime rates in the whole of the Central American region. The Central American states have stepped up their efforts in fighting against drug traffickers, human traffickers, and other organized criminals. The two nations have increased troops in their respective border areas as well as official border cross points. These steps will ensure safety in the entire Central American region.
Guatemala’s border with El Salvadoris found on the southeastern region of Guatemala. As El Salvador is Central America’s tiniest nation, its border with Guatemala is only 142 miles long. The municipality of Jutiapa in Guatemala lies along the Guatemala-El Salvador border. High crime rates around the Guatemala-El Salvador border has led to a decline in the region’s economy. As a result, many citizens in the country have migrated to neighboring states in search of better opportunities. The border point that connects Guatemala to El Salvador recently experienced an influx of immigrants attempting to move to the United States.
3 hours ago · GUATEMALA CITY (AP) — Guatemalan authorities estimated Saturday that as many as 9,000 Honduran migrants had crossed into Guatemala as part of an effort to form a new caravan to reach the U.S ...
- Geographic Location
- Mountainous Relief
- Population and Demographics
Guatemala is located to the south and east of Mexico and northeast of the Pacific Ocean. It also shares a border with Belize which is to the northeast, El Salvador in the southeast, and Honduras which is to the east. This region is collectively known as Central America and includes Nicaragua and Panama as well. Central America is the southernmost part of North America, and for that reason, Guatemala and its neighboring states are considered to be on the North American continent. Guatemala covers an area of 42,043 square miles. The region occupied by the country today has been inhabited as early as 12,000 BCE.
The Guatemalan landscape is predominantly mountainous except the vast lowlands of Petén in the north and the coastal areas of the south. Two mountain ranges enter the country from the west to the east, and they split the country to three distinct areas which include the highlands, the Pacific coast which is to the south of the mountains, and the Petén region in the north. The biggest citiesin Guatemala are located in the highland region. Guatemala is home to the highest mountains in Central America. The Tajumulco Volcano rises to 13,845 feet above sea level. Altogether, Guatemala has 37 volcanoes of which three are active. The most recent volcanic eruption of Mt. Pacaya in May 2010 forced a near-shutdown of the capital city after it engulfed the entire region in ash.
Guatemala is endowed with many rivers most of them springing from the highlands and draining in either the Caribbean, Pacific, or Gulf of Mexico. These rivers are generally shorter and shallower in the Pacific drainage basin compared to the drainage basins of the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean. The longest of these rivers is the Motagua River which flows for 302 miles from the western highlands and drains into the Gulf of Honduras.
Guatemala has diverse demographics consisting of people of European descent as well as Mestizos and Amerindians. Unlike most countries, the population in Guatemala is almost evenly divided between the urban and rural areas. Close to 65% of the population speaksSpanish, and the rest speak Amerindian languages. According to the official national statistics released in 2012, almost 40% of the population is indigenous. The total population of Guatemala in 2018 has been estimated to be 17,262,239 individuals. The capital, Guatemala City, accounts for less than 20% of this population.
4 hours ago · GUATEMALA CITY -- Guatemalan authorities estimated Saturday that as many as 9,000 Honduran migrants had crossed into Guatemala as part of an effort to form a new caravan to reach the U.S. border.
Jan 14, 2021 · GUATEMALA. Visitors age 10 and over need a negative Covid-19 PCR or an antigen test in the 96 hours before arrival. ... Due to the new, more contagious variant of Covid-19, flights longer than ...
1 day ago · GUATEMALA CITY (AP) — Guatemalan authorities estimated Saturday that as many as 9,000 Honduran migrants had crossed into Guatemala as part of an effort to form a new caravan to reach the U.S. border. Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei issued a statement calling on Honduran authorities “to contain the mass exit of its inhabitants.”