- The most commonly recognized defective verbs in English are auxiliary verbs—the class of preterite-present verbs — can/could, may/might, shall/should, must, ought, and will/would (would being a later historical development).
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Jul 03, 2019 · Updated on July 03, 2019. In English grammar, defective verb is a traditional term for a verb that doesn't exhibit all the typical forms of a conventional verb. English modal verbs ( can, could, may, might, must, ought, shall, should, will, and would) are defective in that they lack distinctive third-person singular and nonfinite forms.
- Richard Nordquist
- English And Rhetoric Professor
Usage May is now a defective verb. It has no infinitive, no past participle, and no future tense. Forms of to…. be: …which is to be stated after the imperative. The verb be is the most irregular non- defective verb in Standard English. Unlike other verbs, which distinguish at most five forms (as….
The most commonly recognized defective verbs in English are auxiliary verbs — the class of preterite-present verbs — can/could, may/might, shall/should, must,oughtto,andwill/would(wouldbeingalaterhis-toricaldevelopment).Thoughtheseverbswerenotorig-inallydefective,inmostvarietiesofEnglishtoday,they occuronlyinamodalauxiliarysense. However,unlike
206. Many verbs are found only in the present system. maereō, -ēre be sorrowful (cf. maestus sad) feriō, -īre strike. In many the simple verb is incomplete, but the missing parts occur in its compounds. vādō, vādere. in-vāsī, in-vāsum. Some verbs occur very commonly, but only in a few forms. a. Âiō ( I say)
All conventional verb can change or take upon a new role-they can take up the third-personal-singular and nonfinite role but not with defective verbs-sometimes called MODAL VERBS. Can/Could; May/Might; Shall/Should; Will/Would; Must; Ought To; These verbs do not follow “rules of Class”; a group or class of verb that do not allow usual range of verb forms.