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  1. Alexandria | Christianity Knowledge Base | Fandom

    christianity.fandom.com/wiki/Alexandria
    • Introduction
    • Ancient Alexandria
    • Roman Rule
    • Christian Persecutions
    • Notable Figures of Alexandria's Past
    • Clement of Alexander
    • Alexandria's Decline
    • Alexandria Today

    The well-known Egyptian city of Alexandria is often called, "The Pearl of the Mediterranean." It ranks as the second largest city in Egypt, and is located only 225 km from the ancient city of Cairo. Alexandria, also the birthplace of Cleopatra, its last ruler, was found by the Macedonian King Alexander the Great, on or about 331 BC near the fishing village Rhakotis- a move clearly motivated both by political and commercial interests, since its location offered a natural harbor. Later, they erected a grand lighthouse on the Island of Pharos that came to be considered one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world. Following Alexander's discovery, Alexandria soon became the capital of Graco-Roman Egypt, and later, the center of learning of the ancient world. Alexandria remained Egypt's capital for nearly a thousand years, until the Muslimconquest of Egypt in 641 AD when a new capital was founded. Of great importance is the documented fact that the Hebrew Bible was translated into Greek...

    In ancient times, Alexandria was no doubt one of the greatest cities of the ancient world, enjoying a very long period [over 1,000 years] of grandeur. Its decline in importance, however, was much shorter, lasting only centuries. During the city's three earliest centuries, it was the leading cultural centre of the world, housing people of different religions and philosophical orientations. One of city's greatest accomplishments was its extensive library. Here, the city could proudly boast of having a collection of 500,000 volumes. Additionally, Alexandria was renowned for the lighthouse of Pharos, listed as one of the Seven Wonders of the World in antiquity. A third landmark of Alexandria, the Mouseion, was a centre of research, with laboratories and observatories. Another great achievement of Alexandria was its architecture. In terms of beauty and esthetics, Alexandria could easily compete with Romeand Athens. In time, it became the main Greek city of Egypt, with an extraordinary mi...

    The city passed formally under Roman jurisdiction in 80 BC, according to the will of Ptolemy Alexander but only after it had been under Roman influence for more than a hundred years. It was captured by Julius Caesar in 47 BC during a Roman intervention in the domestic civil war between king Ptolemy XIII and his advisors, and usurper queen Cleopatra VII. It was finally captured by Octavian, future emperor Augustus on August 1, 30 BC, with the name of the month later being changed to august to commemorate his victory.

    Later rulers of this city would find themselves intolerant of the new religion established by Jesus Christ of Nazareth -- the Way [aka Christianity] in or around 33 AD. Waves of persecutions of Christians would continue until the time of Constantine the Great when, in 313 AD, he and Licinius Augustus granted religious freedom to Christians throughout the Roman Empire. In addition, the Edict of Milanordered the restitution of property confiscated from Christians. A portion of this edict reads, 1. "When I, Constantine Augustus, as well as I, Licinius Augustus, fortunately met near Mediolanurn (Milan), and were considering everything that pertained to the public welfare and security, we thought, among other things which we saw would be for the good of many, those regulations pertaining to the reverence of the Divinity ought certainly to be made first, so that we might grant to the Christians and others full authority to observe that religion which each preferred; whence any Divinity wh...

    Several key figures who were associated with Alexandria in some way or other and contributed much to its past achievements should perhaps be mentioned at this point.

    A key figure in Alexandria's past was [Clement of Alexandria]] (born Titus Flavius Clemens) (c.150 - 211/216). According to one source, Clement "was the first notable member of the Church of Alexandria, and one of its most distinguished teachers" . He was also a Greek theologian, born in Athens. Clement studied and taught at the catechetical school in Alexandria until the persecution of 202AD under the rule of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Origen, one of the early Church Fathers, was his pupil there. Information is not forthcoming as to where Clement died, but it is widely held that he probably died in Caesarea, Cappadocia. Clement was converted to Christianity, rather than born into it; and was one of the first scholars to try to "synthesize Platonic and Christian thought." Only a few of Clement's works in this area survive. The Address to the Greeks sets forth the inferiority of Greek thought to Christianity. Appended to the Tutor are two hymns, among the earliest Christian p...

    Alexandria started to decline during the 4th century as it was weakened by insurrection, civil war, famine and disease. In 391, the Patriarch Theophilus destroyed all pagan temples in Alexandria under orders from Emperor Theodosius I. The Brucheum and Jewish quarters were made desolate in the 5th century. On the mainland, life seemed to have centered in the vicinity of the Serapeum and Caesareum, both which became Christian churches. In 619, Alexandria fell to the Sassanid Persians. Although the Byzantine Emperor Heraclius recovered it in 629, in 641 the Arabs under the general Amr ibn al-As, captured it after a siege that lasted fourteen months. Alexandria figured prominently in the military operations of Napoleon's expedition to Egypt in 1798. French troops stormed the city on July 2, 1798 and it remained in their hands until the arrival of the British expedition in 1801.The British won a considerable victory over the French at the Battle of Alexandria on March 21, 1801, following...

    Today, Alexandria is a city and port in northern Egypt with about 4.0 million inhabitants (2005 estimate). Situated on the Mediterranean Sea, 2 kilometres from the inland Lake Mariout, it is near the outlets of the Salam canal. The city is a commercial and economic centre, and about 80% of all of Egypt's imports and exports go through its harbours. Alexandria is also a very important tourist resort, with a 20 km long waterfront, serving the rich and the middle class of Cairo where the summer heat can make life in the capital unbearable. Notes and References: 1. ↑ ^ Zahraa Adel Awed (2006-05-18). "The Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqafa, the Mound of Shards, Part III: The Hall of Caracalla (Nebengrab):" 2. ↑ Christology (from Christ and Greek -λογία, -logia) is a field of study within Christian theology which is concerned with the nature of Jesus the Christ, particularly with how the divine and human are related in his person. Christology is generally less concerned with the details of Jesus...

  2. Coptic Catholic Church - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coptic_Catholic_Church

    The Coptic Catholic Church is an Eastern Catholic particular church in full communion with the Catholic Church. The Coptic Catholic Church uses the Alexandrian Rite. Uniquely among Eastern Catholic Churches, it uses the Coptic language in its liturgy, whereas the Ethiopian Catholic Church and Eritrean Catholic Church use the Alexandrian Rite in the Ge'ez language. The current Coptic Catholic Patriarch of Alexandria is Ibrahim Isaac Sidrak, who replaced Antonios Naguib in 2013. The offices of the

  3. Christianity in Egypt - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_in_Egypt

    In August 2013, following the 3 July 2013 Coup and clashes between the military and Morsi supporters, there were widespread attacks on Coptic churches and institutions in Egypt by Sunni Muslims. [39] [40] According to at least one Egyptian scholar (Samuel Tadros), the attacks are the worst violence against the Coptic Church since the 14th century.

  4. Christian Church - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ecclesia_(Church)

    Christian Church is a Protestant ecclesiological term referring to the church invisible comprising all Christians, used since the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. In this understanding, "Christian Church" (or "catholic church") does not refer to a particular Christian denomination but to the "body" or "group" of believers, both defined in various ways.

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  6. Christians cautious as Turkey's Hagia Sophia becomes a mosque ...

    www.ncronline.org/news/world/christians-cautious...

    Jul 31, 2020 · Turkey's Catholic Church has seven dioceses and apostolic vicariates, with 54 parishes and 13 pastoral centers but has suffered several outrages, including the 2010 fatal stabbing of its bishops ...

  7. List of Catholic orders and congregations

    www.translationdirectory.com/articles/article...

    Honoratus of Marseilles was a wealthy Gallo-Roman aristocrat, who after a pilgrimage to Egypt, founded the Monastery of Lerins, on an island lying off the modern city of Cannes. Lerins became, in time, a center of monastic culture and learning, and many later monks and bishops would pass through Lerins in the early stages of their career.

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  9. Is the Catholic Church the Whore of Babylon? | Catholic Answers

    www.catholic.com/tract/hunting-the-whore-of-babylon

    Some anti-Catholics claim the Catholic Church is the Whore of Babylon of Revelation 17 and 18. Dave Hunt, in his 1994 book, A Woman Rides the Beast , presents nine arguments to try to prove this. His claims are a useful summary of those commonly used by Fundamentalists, and an examination of them shows why they don’t work.

  10. Catholic Church in Mexico - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Catholic_Church_in_Mexico

    The Catholic Church in Mexico is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope, his Curia in Rome and the national Mexican Episcopal Conference. The history of the Catholic Church in Mexico dates from the period of the Spanish conquest (1519–1521) and it has continued as an institution in Mexico into the ...

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