Islam, major world religion promulgated by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia in the 7th century ce. The Arabic term islām, literally “surrender,” illuminates the fundamental religious idea of Islam—that the believer (called a Muslim, from the active particle of islām) accepts surrender to the will of Allah (in Arabic, Allāh: God).
Jan 05, 2018 · The word “Islam” means “submission to the will of God.” Followers of Islam are called Muslims. Muslims are monotheistic and worship one, all-knowing God, who in Arabic is known as Allah. Followers...
- The Prophet's Mission
- Quran, Sunna, & Hadith
- Pillars of Islam
- Spread of Islam
- Islamic Schism: Sunni & Shia
- Legacy of Islam
The Prophet – Muhammad ibn Abdullah – was born in 570 CE. He was a member of the Qurayshite clan of Banu Hashim, a highly respected faction despite their declining wealth. Orphaned at an early age, he was raised by his uncle Abu Talib, who is said to have loved him even more than his own sons. Muhammad became a trader and was renowned for his hones...
According to Muslims, the verses of the Quran, as dictated by the angel to Muhammad, are the words of God and the final revelation of divine truth to humanity. After Muhammad's death, these revelations were compiled in the form of a book by his father-in-law Abu Bakr (r. 632- 634 CE as the first caliph – the successor of the Prophet's mission and e...
The acts of worship in Islam, or the “pillars” on which the foundation of Islam rests, are the formal duties that all people who choose Islam as their path must acknowledge and adhere to. The Five Pillars of Islam are: 1. Shahada(testimony) 2. Salat(prayer five times a day) 3. Zakat(alms/tax paid to help others) 4. Sawm(fasting during the time of R...
Mecca, as noted, was originally the city that rejected Muhammad and his message but, later, became the heartland of the faith (as it houses the Ka'aba), while Medina, the city that welcomed the Prophet when none else did, became the capital of the empire. Arabia was located at the crossroads of the Persian Sassanian Empire (224-651 CE) and the Byza...
Even so, for many years prior, Islam was not a completely unified faith as far as how it was observed. After the death of Prophet Muhammad in 632 CE, his followers were confused as to who should succeed him. It was decided, shortly after Muhammad's death, that Abu Bakr should become his successor – his caliph. Another group, however, pressed that A...
In spite of the early use of conquest in spreading the faith, and the sectarian violence that has persisted between the Sunni and Shia, Islam has contributed greatly to world culture since its inception. The European renaissance would have never happened if the works of the classical Roman and Greek scholars had not been preserved by the Muslims. T...
Extreme Droughts Aided Rise of Islam in Arabia 1,500 Years Ago
Climate data stored in a cave shows a lack of rain around the year 520 coincided with societal upheaval in Arabia.
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Mar 13, 2006 · Islam at a Glance The main message of Islam is the same basic message in all revealed religions, as they are all are from the same … All your questions answered. Article Categories Evidence Islam is Truth The Benefits of Islam Beliefs of Islam How to Convert to Islam Worship and Practice The Hereafter Comparative Religion The Holy Quran
Islam, Major world religion founded by Muhammad in Arabia in the early 7th century ce. The Arabic word islam means “surrender”—specifically, surrender to the will of the one God, called Allah in Arabic.
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