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  1. Béarlachas - Wikipedia

    Béarlachas (Irish pronunciation: [ˈbʲeːɾˠlˠəxəsˠ]) is Irish for "anglicism", or words and phrases used in Irish that are influenced by or stem from the English language. The term comes from Béarla , the Irish word for the English language, and refers to both simple anglicisms and interlanguage forms.

  2. Dunglish - Wikipedia

    Dunglish (portmanteau of Dutch and English; in Dutch steenkolenengels, literally: "coal-English", or nengels) is a popular term for a mixture of Dutch and English, often viewed pejoratively as mistakes native Dutch speakers make when speaking English.

  3. Latin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    • History of Latin
    • Phonology
    • Orthography
    • Grammar
    • Vocabulary
    • Phrases
    • Numbers
    • Example Text
    • References

    A number of historical phases of the language have been recognized, each distinguished by subtle differences in vocabulary, usage, spelling, morphology and syntax. There are no hard and fast rules of classification; different scholars emphasize different features. As a result, the list has variants, as well as alternative names. In addition to the historical phases, Ecclesiastical Latin refers to the styles used by the writers of the Roman Catholic Church, as well as by Protestant scholars, from Late Antiquityonward. After the Roman Empire in Western Europe fell, and Germanic kingdoms took its place, the Germanic people adopted Latin as a language more suitable to legal, and other more formal, expression.[citation needed]

    No inherited verbal knowledge of the ancient pronunciation of Latin exists. It must be reconstructed. Among the data used for reconstruction are explicit statements about pronunciation by ancient authors, misspellings, puns, ancient etymologies, and the spelling of Latin loanwords in other languages.[30]

    Latin was written in the Latin alphabet, derived from the Old Italic alphabet, which was in turn drawn from the Greek and ultimately the Phoenician alphabet.[36] This alphabet has continued to be used over the centuries as the script for the Romance, Celtic, Germanic, Baltic, Finnic, and many Slavic languages (Polish, Slovak, Slovene, Croatian and Czech), and has been adopted by many languages around the world, including Vietnamese, the Austronesian languages, many Turkic languages, and most languages in sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas, and Oceania, making it by far the world's single most widely used writing system. The number of letters in the Latin alphabet has varied. When it was first derived from the Etruscan alphabet, it contained only 21.[37] Later, G was added to represent /ɡ/, which had previously been spelled C; while Z ceased to be included in the alphabet due to non-use, as the language had no voiced alveolar fricative at the time.[38] The letters Y and Z were later ad...

    Latin is a synthetic, fusional language, in the terminology of linguistic typology. In more traditional terminology, it is an inflected language, although the typologists are apt to say "inflecting". Thus words include an objective semantic element, and also markers specifying the grammatical use of the word. This fusion of root meaning and markers produces very compact sentence elements. For example, amō, "I love," is produced from a semantic element, ama-, "love," to which -ō, a first person singular marker, is suffixed. The grammatical function can be changed by changing the markers: the word is "inflected" to express different grammatical functions. The semantic element does not change. Inflection uses affixing and infixing. Affixing is prefixing and suffixing. Latin inflections are never prefixed. For example, amābit, "he or she will love", is formed from the same stem, amā-, to which a future tense marker, -bi-, is suffixed, and a third person singular marker, -t, is suffixed....

    As Latin is an Italic language, most of its vocabulary is likewise Italic, deriving ultimately from PIE. However, because of close cultural interaction, the Romans not only adapted the Etruscan alphabet to form the Latin alphabet, but also borrowed some Etruscan words into their language, including persona (mask) and histrio (actor).[42] Latin also included vocabulary borrowed from Oscan, another Italic language. After the Fall of Tarentum (272 BC), the Romans began hellenizing, or adopting features of Greek culture, including the borrowing of Greek words, such as camera (vaulted roof), sumbolum (symbol), and balineum (bath).[42] This hellenization led to the addition of "Y" and "Z" to the alphabet to represent Greek sounds.[43] Subsequently the Romans transplanted Greek art, medicine, science and philosophy to Italy, paying almost any price to entice Greek skilled and educated persons to Rome, and sending their youth to be educated in Greece. Thus, many Latin scientific and philoso...

    Here the phrases are mentioned with accents to know where to stress.[48] In the Latin language, most of the Latin words are stressed at the second to last (penultimate) syllable, called in Latin paenultimus or syllaba paenultima.[49] Lesser words are stressed at the third to last syllable, called in Latin antepaenultimus or syllaba antepaenultima.[49] sálve to one person / salvéte to more than one person- hello áve to one person / avéte to more than one person- greetings vále to one person / valéte to more than one person- goodbye cúra ut váleas- take care exoptátus to male / exoptáta to female, optátus to male / optáta to female, grátus to male / gráta to female, accéptus to male / accépta to female- welcome quómodo váles?, ut váles?- how are you? béne- good amabo te- please béne váleo- I'm fine mále- bad mále váleo- I'm not good quáeso(['kwajso]/['kwe:so]) - please íta, íta est, íta véro, sic, sic est, étiam- yes non, minime- no grátias tíbi, grátias tíbi ágo- thank you mágnas grá...

    In ancient times, numbers in Latin were only written with letters. Today, the numbers can be written with the Arabic numbers as well as with Roman numerals. The numbers 1, 2 and 3, and from 200 to 900, are declined as nouns and adjectives with some differences. The numbers from quattuor (four) to centum (one hundred) do not change their endings.

    Commentarii de Bello Gallico, also called De Bello Gallico (The Gallic War), written by Gaius Julius Caesar, begins with the following passage:

    Curtius, Ernst (2013). European Literature and the Latin Middle Ages. Princeton University. ISBN 978-0-691-15700-9.

  4. Denglisch - Wikipedia

    Denglisch is a pejorative term used in German describing the increased use of anglicisms and pseudo-anglicisms in the German language. It is a portmanteau of the German words Deutsch (German) and Englisch. The term is first recorded from 1965.

  5. Opuntia - Wikipedia

    Opuntia, commonly called prickly pear, is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. Prickly pears are also known as tuna (fruit), sabra, nopal (paddle, plural nopales) from the Nahuatl word nōpalli for the pads, or nostle, from the Nahuatl word nōchtli for the fruit; or paddle cactus.


    Nominator(s): Wehwalt 00:08, 11 July 2013 (UTC) I am nominating this for featured article because… I think it meets the criteria. Thaddeus Stevens was the guy with the limp in L

  7. Template talk:Did you know - Wikipedia

    For example, as this article tells, "DeepMind’s press release trumpeted “a solution to a 50-year-old grand challenge in biology” based on its breakthrough performance on a biennial competition dubbed the Critical Assessment of Protein Structure Prediction (CASP). But the company drew criticism from academics because it made its claim ...

  8. Indo-European languages

    Sep 01, 2007 · Of the top 20 contemporary languages in terms of speakers according to SIL Ethnologue, 12 are Indo-European: Spanish, English, Hindi, Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, German, Marathi, French, Italian, Punjabi and Urdu, accounting for over 1.6 billion native speakers.

  9. 10+ Dravidian languages ideas | english language learning ...

    Persian Alphabet Hindi Alphabet Korean Alphabet Hindi Language Learning Learning Arabic Dravidian Languages Spoken Arabic Learn Hindi Semitic Languages Telugu alphabet, pronunciation and language Telugu is a Dravidian language spoken mainly in Andhra Pradesh and neighbouring states in southern India by about 75 million people.

  10. Tocharian languages : definition of Tocharian languages and ... languages/en-en

    Centum languages are mostly found in western and southern Europe (Greek, Italic, Celtic, Germanic) and the number of isoglosses between Tocharian and several Western European languages is stunning, considering the geographical separation and total lack of cultural contact.

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