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      • John Griffith Chaney, better known as Jack London, was born on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco, California. Jack, as he came to call himself as a boy, was the son of Flora Wellman, an unwed mother, and William Chaney , an attorney, journalist and pioneering leader in the new field of American astrology.
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  1. Jack London - Books, Quotes & Death - Biography

    www.biography.com › writer › jack-london

    Apr 02, 2014 · John Griffith Chaney, better known as Jack London, was born on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco, California. Jack, as he came to call himself as a boy, was the son of Flora Wellman, an unwed...

  2. Jack London - Biography - IMDb

    www.imdb.com › name › nm0518711

    Mini Bio (1) Jack London was the best-selling, highest paid and most popular American author of his time. He was born John Griffith Chaney, on January 12, 1876, in San Francisco. He was raised by his mother Flora Wellman and his stepfather John London (he didn't know who his father was until his adulthood).

  3. Jack London - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Jack_London

    The Radical Jack London: Writings on War and Revolution. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-25546-3. Sinclair, Andrew (1977). Jack: A Biography of Jack London. United States: HarperCollins. ISBN 0060138998. Starr, Kevin (1986) [1973]. Americans and the California Dream 1850–1915. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504233-6.

  4. Jack London Biography - CliffsNotes

    www.cliffsnotes.com › jack-london-biography

    Personal Background Jack London grew up in the slum area of Oakland, California, a place which he later called "the cellar of society." Born out of wedlock on January 12, 1876, he never knew his father, William Henry Chaney, who had left Jack's mother, Flora Wellman, before Jack's birth.

  5. Jack London | Jack London State Historic Park

    jacklondonpark.com › jack-london-biography

    A Brief Biography Jack London was born on January 12, 1876. By age 30 London was internationally famous for his books Call of the Wild (1903), The Sea Wolf (1904) and other literary and journalistic accomplishments.

  6. Jack London: His Life and Work - ThoughtCo.com

    www.thoughtco.com › jack-london-biography-4156925
    • Early Years
    • Personal Life
    • Political Views
    • Famous Works
    • Novels
    • Short Story Collections
    • Short Stories
    • Plays
    • Autobiographical Memoirs
    • Nonfiction and Essays

    Jack London was born in San Francisco, California. His mother, Flora Wellman, became pregnant with Jack while living with William Chaney, an attorney and astrologer. Chaney left Wellman and did not play an active role in Jack's life. In the year that Jack was born, Wellman married John London, a Civil Warveteran. They stayed in California, but moved to the Bay Area and then to Oakland. The Londons were a working-class family. Jack completed grade school and then took a series of jobs involving hard labor. By the age of 13, he was working 12 to 18 hours per day in a cannery. Jack also shoveled coal, pirated oysters, and worked aboard a sealing ship. It was aboard this ship that he experienced adventures that inspired some of his first stories. In 1893, at the encouragement of his mother, he entered a writing contest, told one of the stories, and won first prize. This contest inspired him to devote himself to writing. Jack returned to high school a couple of years later and then brief...

    Jack London married Elizabeth "Bessie" Maddern on April 7, 1900. Their wedding was held on the same day that his first short story collection, "Son of the Wolf", was published. Between 1901 and 1902, the couple had two daughters, Joan and Bessie, the latter of which was nicknamed Becky. In 1903, London moved out of the family home. He divorced Bessie in 1904. In 1905, London married his second wife Charmian Kittredge, who worked as a secretary for London's publisher MacMillan. Kittredge helped to inspire many of the female characters in London's later works. She went on to become a published writer.

    Jack London held socialist views. These views were evident in his writing, speeches and other activities. He was a member of the Socialist Labor Party and the Socialist Party of America. He was a Socialist candidate for mayor of Oakland in 1901 and 1905, but did not receive the votes he needed to get elected. He made several socialist-themed speeches across the country in 1906 and also published several essays sharing his socialist views.

    Jack London published his first two novels, "The Cruise of the Dazzler" and "A Daughter of the Snows" in 1902. A year later, at the age of 27, he achieved commercial success with his most famous novel, "The Call of the Wild". This short adventure novel was set during the 1890's Klondike Gold Rush, which London experienced firsthand during his year in Yukon, and centered around a St. Bernard-Scotch Shepherd named Buck. The book remains in print today. In 1906, London published his second most famous novel as a companion novel to "The Call of the Wild". Titled "White Fang", the novel is set during the 1890's Klondike Gold Rush and tells the story of a wild wolfdog named White Fang. The book was an immediate success and has since been adapted into movies and a television series.

    "The Cruise of the Dazzler" (1902)
    "A Daughter of the Snows" (1902)
    "The Call of the Wild" (1903)
    "The Kempton-Wace Letters" (1903)
    "Son of the Wolf" (1900)
    "Chris Farrington, Able Seaman" (1901)
    "The God of His Fathers & Other Stories" (1901)
    "Children of the Frost" (1902)
    "An Old Soldier's Story" (1894)
    "Who Believes in Ghosts!" (1895)
    "And 'FRISCO Kid Came Back" (1895)
    "Night's Swim In Yeddo Bay" (1895)
    "Theft" (1910)
    "Daughters of the Rich: A One Act Play" (1915)
    "The Acorn Planter: A California Forest Play" (1916)
    "The Road" (1907)
    "The Cruise of the Snark" (1911)
    "John Barleycorn" (1913)
    "Through The Rapids On The Way To The Klondike" (1899)
    "From Dawson To The Sea" (1899)
    "What Communities Lose By The Competitive System" (1900)
    "The Impossibility Of War" (1900)
  7. Jack London Biography - Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

    www.thefamouspeople.com › profiles › john-griffith

    He was born on 12th January, 1876 at San Francisco, California, and apparently, was an illegitimate child of Flora Wellman and William Chaney. His mother married a person named John London and, probably, after that he took up the surname of his step-father. His family first moved to Bay Area and then shifted to Oakland.

  8. Jack London Biography - life, family, parents, school, young ...

    www.notablebiographies.com › Lo-Ma › London-Jack

    Jack London was born John Griffith Chaney in San Francisco, California, in 1916, the son of Flora Wellman and Henry Chaney. Jack's parents were not married at the time of his birth. Flora married a widower, John London, the same year that her son was born.

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