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  1. Jack Ruby - Wikipedia › wiki › Jack_Ruby

    Jack Leon Ruby (born Jacob Leon Rubenstein; March 25, 1911 – January 3, 1967) was an American nightclub owner. He fatally shot Lee Harvey Oswald on November 24, 1963, while Oswald was in police custody after being charged with both the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the incumbent United States President, and the murder of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit.

    • 1943–1946
    • Nightclub owner
  2. Jack Ruby - Death, Gun & Facts - HISTORY › topics › 1960s

    On November 24, 1963, Jack Ruby (1911-1967), a 52-year-old Dallas nightclub operator, stunned America when he shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald (1939-1963), the accused assassin of President John...

  3. Jack Ruby | Biography & Facts | Britannica › biography › Jack-Ruby

    Jack Ruby, in full Jack L. Ruby, original name Jacob Rubenstein, (born March 25?, 1911, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.—died January 3, 1967, Dallas, Texas), American nightclub owner who killed Lee Harvey Oswald, the suspected assassin of Pres. John F. Kennedy, on November 24, 1963, as Oswald was being transferred to a county jail.

  4. Jack Ruby dies before second trial - HISTORY › this-day-in-history › jack-ruby

    Dec 22, 2020 · On January 3, 1967, Jack Ruby, the Dallas nightclub owner who killed the alleged assassin of President John F. Kennedy, dies of cancer in a Dallas hospital. The Texas Court of Appeals had recently...

  5. What Happened to Jack Ruby? How Did Jack Ruby Die? › what-happened-to-jack

    Oct 27, 2017 · Born on March 25, 1911, in Chicago, Illinois, to Fannie Rutkowski and Joseph Rubenstein, Jack Ruby was 52 years old when he killed Oswald. Ruby was a Dallas, Texas, nightclub owner who fatally shot Oswald on November 24, 1963, while the latter was in police custody after being charged with the assassination of President Kennedy.

  6. Jack Ruby | Mafia Wiki | Fandom › wiki › Jack_Ruby
    • Childhood and Early Life
    • Illegal Activities in Dallas
    • Prosecution
    • Death
    • Official Investigations
    • Other Investigations and Dissenting Theories

    Jack Ruby was born Jacob Leon Rubenstein on March 25, 1911, in Chicago as the son of Joseph Rubenstein (1871–1958) and Fannie Turek Rutkowski (or Rokowsky), both Polish-born Orthodox Jews. Ruby was the fifth of his parents' 10 surviving children and grew up in the Maxwell Street area of Chicago. He had a troubled childhood and adolescence, which was marked by juvenile delinquency and time spent in foster homes. At age 11 in 1922, he was arrested for truancy. Ruby eventually skipped school enough times that he spent time at the Institute of Juvenile Research. Still a young man, he sold horse-racing tip sheets and various novelties, then acted as business agent for a local refuse collectors union that later became part of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters(IBT). From his early childhood, Ruby was nicknamed "Sparky" by those who knew him. His sister, Eva Grant, said that he acquired the nickname because he resembled a slow-moving horse named "Spark Plug" or "Sparky" in the cont...

    There was evidence indicating Jack Ruby had been involved in the underworld activities of illegal gambling, narcotics, and prostitution.Template:Citation needed A 1956 FBI report stated that their informant Eileen Curry reported that in January of that year, she moved to Dallas with her boyfriend, James Breen, after jumping bondon narcotics charges. Breen told her that he had made connections with a large narcotics set up operating between Texas, Mexico, and the East and that "in some fashion, James got the okay to operate through Jack Ruby of Dallas." Former Dallas County Sheriff Steve Guthrie told the FBI that he believed Ruby "operated some prostitution activities and other vices in his club" since living in Dallas. Dallas disc jockey Kenneth Dowe testified that Ruby was known around the station for "procuring women for different people who came to town."

    Template:See also After his arrest, Ruby asked Dallas attorney Tom Howard to represent him. Howard accepted and asked Ruby if he could think of anything that might damage his defense. Ruby responded that there would be a problem if a man by the name of "Davis" should come up. Ruby told his attorney that he "…had been involved with Davis, who was a gunrunnerentangled in anti-Castro efforts." Later, Ruby replaced attorney Tom Howard with prominent San Francisco defense attorney Melvin Belli who agreed to represent Ruby pro bono. On March 14, 1964, Ruby was convicted of murder with malice and was sentenced to death. Ruby’s conviction was overturned by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals on the grounds that "an oral confession of premeditation made while in police custody" should have been ruled inadmissible, because it was violative of a Texas criminal statute. The court also ruled that the venue should have been changed to a Texas county other than the one in which the high-profile cr...

    Template:See also Ruby died of a pulmonary embolism, secondary to bronchogenic carcinoma (lung cancer), on January 3, 1967, at Parkland Hospital, the same facility where Oswald had died and where President Kennedy had been pronounced dead after his assassination. He was buried beside his parents in the Westlawn Cemetery in Norridge, Illinois.

    Warren Commission

    The Warren Commission found no evidence linking Ruby's killing of Oswald with any broader conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy. In 1964, the Warren Commission provided a detailed biography of Ruby's life and activities to help ascertain whether he was involved in a conspiracy to assassinate Kennedy.Template:Sfn The Commission indicated that there was not a "significant link between Ruby and organized crime"Template:Sfnand said he acted independently in killing Oswald. Warren Commission investiga...

    Template:Main article Some critics have not accepted the conclusions of the Warren Commission and have proposed several other theories.

  7. Who Was Jack Ruby? – Texas Monthly › news-politics › who-was-jack-ruby

    Jack Ruby was a foul-mouthed, mean-tempered prude who loved children and hated ethnic jokes. He didn’t drink or smoke. He was violently opposed to drugs, though he maintained his own high energy...

  8. Jack Ruby files revealed for first time in nearly 50 years ... › news › jack-ruby-files-revealed

    Now, nearly 50 years later, we're learning new answers about Jack Ruby, the man who gunned down Lee Harvey Oswald, from boxes upon boxes of documents and artifacts from the Dallas County district...

  9. Jack Ruby Friend, Jail Visitor Breaks Silence After 50 Years › story › 24038306

    Fifty years after Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby killed Lee Harvey Oswald, one of Ruby's good friends is talking publicly for the first time. Oklahoma City resident Mary Gray McCoy visited her...

  10. JFK: Jack Ruby's Deathbed Interview › rubydeathbed

    Jack Ruby's deathbed interview, conducted by his attorney, Elmer Gertz, and his brother, Earl Ruby, at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas, Texas. (Listen to a slightly condensed audio file of the interview.) From Elmer Gertz, Moment of Madness: The People vs. Jack Ruby (Chicago: Follett, 1968), pp. 485-92:

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