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  1. Jadwiga of Poland - Wikipedia

    Jadwiga of Poland. For the 13th-century duchess and saint canonized in 1267, see Hedwig of Silesia. Jadwiga ( Polish: [jadˈvʲiɡa] ( listen); 1373 or 1374 – 17 July 1399), also known as Hedwig ( Hungarian: Hedvig ), was the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death.

  2. Union of Krewo - Wikipedia

    In a strict sense, the Union of Krewo or Act of Krėva (also spelled Union of Krevo, Act of Kreva; Polish: unia w Krewie; Lithuanian: Krėvos sutartis) was a set of prenuptial promises made at Kreva Castle on 14 August 1385 by Jogaila, Grand Duke of Lithuania, in exchange for his prospective marriage to the underage reigning King Jadwiga of Poland. The act was very limited in scope; but in historiography, the term "Union of Krewo" often refers not only to the particular document but to ...

  3. History of Poland - Wikipedia

    In 1386, Grand Duke Jogaila of Lithuania converted to Catholicism and married Queen Jadwiga of Poland. This act enabled him to become a king of Poland himself, and he ruled as Władysław II Jagiełło until his death in 1434.

  4. Mary, Queen of Hungary - Wikipedia

    Noblemen from Greater Poland offered to pay homage to either Mary or Jadwiga at a meeting in Radomsko on 25 November, but they stipulated that the queen and her husband should live in Poland. The assembly of the nobility of Lesser Poland passed a similar resolution in Wiślica on 12 December.

    • 17 September 1382
    • Louis I
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  6. Jadwiga ([jadˈvʲiɡa]), also known as Hedwig (Hungarian: Hedvig; 1373/4 – 17 July 1399), reigned as the first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland from 1384 to her death. She was the youngest daughter of Louis the Great , King of Hungary and Poland , and his wife, Elizabeth of Bosnia .

  7. List of wars involving Poland - Wikipedia

    This represented a far greater threat to both Poland and Lithuania, and the two countries united in a defensive alliance by the crowning of the Lithuanian Duke Jogaila as King of Poland (as Władysław II) which led to a major confrontation at the Battle of Grunwald in 1410 and subsequent wars until 1525, when the Order became a vassal to the ...

  8. Wikipedia:WikiProject Poland

    Articles tagged with various issues are listed in a sortable list at here (the on-wiki listing is no longer actively maintained). As of December 2010, 12570 or 18.7% were marked f

    • The Great King
    • Society Under The Reign of Casimir
    • Relationship with Polish Jews
    • Relationships with Children
    • Title and Style
    • Popular Culture
    • Gallery
    • See Also
    • External Links

    When Kaz­imierz at­tained the throne in 1333, his po­si­tion was in dan­ger, as his neigh­bours did not recog­nise his title and in­stead called him "king of Kraków". The king­dom was de­pop­u­lated and ex­hausted by war, and the econ­omy was ru­ined. In 1335, in the Treaty of Trentschin, Casimir was forced to re­lin­quish his claims to Sile­sia"in per­pe­tu­ity". Kaz­imierz re­built and his king­dom be­came pros­per­ous and wealthy, with great prospects for the fu­ture. He waged many vic­to­ri­ous wars and dou­bled the size of the king­dom, mostly through ad­di­tion of lands in mod­ern-day Ukraine (then called the Duchy of Ha­lych). Kaz­imierz built ex­ten­sively dur­ing his reign, or­der­ing the con­struc­tion of over 40 cas­tles, in­clud­ing many cas­tles along the Trail of the Eagle's Nests, and he re­formed the Pol­ish army. At the Sejm in Wiślica, on 11 March 1347, Kaz­imierz in­tro­duced re­forms to the Pol­ish ju­di­cial sys­tem and sanc­tioned civil and crim­i­nal codes for...

    Casimir was face­tiously named "the Peas­ants' King". He in­tro­duced the codes of law of Greater and Lesser Poland as an at­tempt to end the over­whelm­ing su­pe­ri­or­ity of the no­bil­ity. Dur­ing his reign all three major classes — the no­bil­ity, priest­hood, and bour­geoisie — were more or less coun­ter­bal­anced, al­low­ing Casimir to strengthen his monar­chic po­si­tion. He was known for sid­ing with the weak when the law did not pro­tect them from no­bles and cler­gy­men. He re­port­edly even sup­ported a peas­ant whose house had been de­mol­ished by his own mis­tress, after she had or­dered it to be pulled down be­cause it dis­turbed her en­joy­ment of the beau­ti­ful landscape.[citation needed]

    Due to his deep re­la­tion­ship with the leg­endary Es­terka who played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the King's life, Casimir was fa­vor­ably dis­posed to­ward Jews liv­ing in Poland. On 9 Oc­to­ber 1334, he con­firmed the priv­i­leges granted to Jews in 1264 by Bolesław V the Chaste. Under penalty of death, he pro­hib­ited the kid­nap­ping of Jew­ish chil­dren for the pur­pose of en­forced Chris­t­ian bap­tism, and he in­flicted heavy pun­ish­ment for the des­e­cra­tion of Jew­ish ceme­ter­ies. While Jews had lived in Poland since be­fore his reign, Casimir al­lowed them to set­tle in Poland in great num­bers and pro­tected them as peo­ple of the king.

    Casimir III was born in Kowal, and he mar­ried four times. Casimir first mar­ried Anna, or Al­dona Ona, the daugh­ter of Grand Duke Ged­im­i­nas of Lithua­nia. The mar­riage pro­duced two daugh­ters, Cu­ni­gunde (d. 1357), who was mar­ried to Louis VI the Roman, the son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Em­peror, and Elis­a­beth, who was mar­ried to Duke Bo­g­is­laus V of Pomera­nia. Al­dona died in 1339, and Casimir then mar­ried Ade­laide of Hesse. He di­vorced Ade­laide in 1356, mar­ried Christina, di­vorced her, and while Ade­laide and pos­si­bly Christina were still alive (ca. 1365), he mar­ried Hed­wig of Głogów and Sagan. He had three daugh­ters by his fourth wife, and they were still very young when he died, and re­garded as of du­bi­ous le­git­i­macy be­cause of Casimir's bigamy.

    Casimir's full title was: Casimir by the grace of God king of Poland and Rus­sia (Ruthe­nia), lord and heir of the land of Kraków, San­domierz, Sier­adz, Łęczyca, Kuyavia, Pomera­nia (Pomere­lia). The title in Latin was: Kaz­imirus, Dei gra­tia rex Polonie et Russie, nec non Cra­covie, San­domirie, Sir­adie, Lan­ci­cie, Cuiavie, et Pomeranieque Ter­rarum et Ducatuum Domi­nus et Heres.


    1. Casimir III the Great is one of the main characters in Polish historical drama series "Korona królów" ("The Crown of the Kings"). He is played by Mateusz Król.

    Computer games

    1. Casimir features as a playable leader in the computer strategy game Civilization V: Brave New World.

    The King's sar­coph­a­gus at Wawel Cathe­dral
    Ef­figy of Casimir from his own tomb erected by his nephewaround 1371
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Mar­cello Bac­cia­relli
    Kaz­imierz the Great, by Jan Mate­jko

    His listing in "Medieval lands" by Charles Cawley. The project "involves extracting and analysing detailed information from primary sources, including contemporary chronicles, cartularies, necrolog...

  9. Poland is a country in Central Europe. It is on the east of Germany (along Oder and Lusatian Neisse).The Czech Republic and Slovakia are to the south, Ukraine and Belarus to the east, and the Baltic Sea, Lithuania, and the Russian exclave Kaliningrad to the north.