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  1. Piła - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piła

    Piła (German: Schneidemühl) is a town in northwestern Poland situated in the Greater Poland Voivodeship (since 1999), previously capital of Piła Voivodeship (1975–1998). It had 73,791 inhabitants as of 2017 making it the fourth-largest city in the voivodeship after Poznań , Kalisz and Konin and is the largest city in the northern part of ...

  2. History of Poland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polish_history

    The history of Poland (Polish: Historia Polski) represents over 1,000 years of recorded historical events as well as 500,000 years of human activity on Polish soil.An inseparable part of western civilization, Poland's intricate history extends from ancient tribes, Catholic baptism, rule of kings, cultural prosperity, expansionism and becoming one of the largest European powers to its collapse ...

  3. Wikipedia:WikiProject Poland - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:PWNB

    WikiProject Poland / Poland-related Wikipedia notice board. This project is designed to gather Wikipedians interested in Poland-related content, tools designed to help them, and offer a centralized place for relevant announcements and discussions.

  4. Battle of Grunwald - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitwa_pod_Grunwaldem

    The Battle of Grunwald, Battle of Žalgiris or First Battle of Tannenberg was fought on 15 July 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War.The alliance of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, led respectively by King Władysław II Jagiełło (Jogaila) and Grand Duke Vytautas, decisively defeated the German–Prussian Teutonic Knights, led by Grand ...

    • Decisive Polish–Lithuanian victory
  5. Greater Poland - en.unionpedia.org

    en.unionpedia.org/i/Greater_Poland

    722 relations: Adam Jerzy Czartoryski, Adam Sędziwój Czarnkowski, Administrative division of Polish territories during World War II, Administrative division of Polish–Lithuani

  6. Waldemar, Margrave of Brandenburg-Stendal - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waldemar,_Margrave_of...

    He was a son of Margrave Conrad of Brandenburg-Stendal and his wife Constance, eldest daughter of the Piast duke Przemysł I of Greater Poland. Waldemar was co-regent from 1302, and succeeded as margrave upon the death of his uncle Otto IV in 1308.

  7. Crown of the Kingdom of Poland - The Reader Wiki, Reader View ...

    thereaderwiki.com/en/Crown_of_the_Kingdom_of_Poland

    The Crown of the Kingdom of Poland (Polish: Korona Królestwa Polskiego; Latin: Corona Regni Poloniae), known as the Polish Crown, or the Crown, is the common name for the historic Late Middle Ages territorial possessions of the King of Poland, including the Kingdom of Poland proper.

  8. Portal:Poland/Did you know/archive - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Poland/Did_you_know...

    < Portal:Poland‎ | Did ... not want to support the Greater Poland Uprising of 1794 in order to avoid a ... the marriage between Jadwiga of Poland and ...

  9. Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War | Military Wiki | Fandom

    military.wikia.org/wiki/Polish–Lithuanian...
    • Historical Background
    • Course of War
    • Peace and Aftermath
    • Bibliography

    In 1230, the Teutonic Knights, a crusading military order, moved to the Kulmerland (today within the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship) and, upon the request of Konrad I, king of the Masovian Slavs, launched the Prussian Crusade against the pagan Prussian clans. With support from the Pope and Holy Roman Emperor, the Teutons conquered and converted the Prussians by 1280s and shifted their attention to the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania. For about a hundred years the Knights raided the Lithuanian lands, particularly Samogitia as it separated the Knights in Prussia from their branch in Livonia. The border regions became uninhabited wilderness, but the Knights gained very little territory. The Lithuanians first gave up Samogitia during the Lithuanian Civil War (1381–1384) in the Treaty of Dubysa. The territory was used as a bargaining chip to ensure Teutonic support for one of the sides in the internal power struggle. In 1385, Grand Duke Jogaila of Lithuania proposed to marry reigning Que...

    Uprising, war and truce

    In May 1409, an uprising in Teutonic-held Samogitia started. Lithuania supported the uprising and the Knights threatened to invade. Poland announced its support for the Lithuanian cause and threatened to invade Prussia in return. As Prussian troops evacuated Samogitia, the Teutonic Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen declared war on the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania on 6 August 1409. The Knights hoped to defeat Poland and Lithuania separately and began by invading Greater Polan...

    Strategy and march in Prussia

    By December 1409, Jogaila and Vytautas had agreed on a common strategy: their armies would unite into a single massive force and march together towards Marienburg (Malbork), capital of the Teutonic Knights. The Knights, who took a defensive position, did not expect a joint attack and were preparing for a dual invasion – by the Poles along the Vistula River towards Danzig (Gdańsk) and by the Lithuanians along the Neman River towards Ragnit (Neman). To counter this perceived threat, Ulrich von...

    Battle of Grunwald

    The Battle of Grunwald took place on 15 July 1410 between the villages of Grunwald, Tannenberg (Stębark) and Ludwigsdorf (Łodwigowo). Modern estimates of number of troops involved range from 16,500 to 39,000 Polish–Lithuanian and 11,000 to 27,000 Teutonic men. The Polish–Lithuanian army was an amalgam of nationalities and religions: the Roman Catholic Polish–Lithuanian troops fought side by side with pagan Samogitians, Eastern OrthodoxRuthenians, and Muslim Tatars. Twenty-two different people...

    The Peace of Thorn was signed in February 1411. Under its terms, the Knights ceded the Dobrin Land (Dobrzyń Land) to Poland and agreed to resign their claims to Samogitia during the lifetimes of Jogaila and Vytautas, although another two wars – the Hunger War of 1414 and the Gollub War of 1422 – would be waged before the Treaty of Melno permanently resolved the territorial disputes. The Poles and Lithuanians were unable to translate the military victory into territorial or diplomatic gains. However, the Peace of Thorn imposed a heavy financial burden on the Knights from which they never recovered. They had to pay an indemnity in silver, estimated at ten times the annual income of the King of England, in four annual installments. To meet these payments, the Knights borrowed heavily, confiscated gold and silver from churches, and increased taxes. Two major Prussian cities, Danzig (Gdańsk) and Thorn (Toruń), revolted against the tax increases. The defeat at Grunwald left the Teutonic K...

    Christiansen, Eric (1997). "The Northern Crusades". Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-026653-4.
    Ekdahl, Sven (2008). "The Military Orders: History and Heritage". In Victor Mallia-Milanes. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.. ISBN 978-0-7546-6290-7. http://books.google.com/books?id=dSM_w4Q1sUwC&pg=PA175.
    Ivinskis, Zenonas (1978). "Lietuvos istorija iki Vytauto Didžiojo mirties". Rome: Lietuvių katalikų mokslo akademija Library of Congress Classification 79346776. (Lithuanian)
    Jučas, Mečislovas (2009). "The Battle of Grünwald". Vilnius: National Museum Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania. ISBN 978-609-95074-5-3.
  10. Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385) - Unionpedia, the concept map

    en.unionpedia.org/Kingdom_of_Poland_(1025–1385)

    Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385) and Bolesław I the Brave · See more » Bolesław III Wrymouth. Bolesław III Wrymouth (also known as Boleslaus III the Wry-mouthed, Bolesław III Krzywousty) (20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138), was a Duke of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102 and 1107 and over the whole Poland between 1107 and ...

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