The story of Janusz Korezak has been documented in many sources. This picture book reveals part of his story to a more youthful audience. The length of the text and the content would be better suited for children slightly older than the usual picture book audience. Janusz's love of children will be felt immediately.
Aug 01, 2007 · Janusz Korczak was a champion of children, dedicating his life for them and, in the end, comforting them at the death camp Treblinka. Because this is a book geared toward younger readers, it treats Dr. Korczak's final years with sensitivity.
- Gloria Spielman
The Champion of Children: The Story of Janusz Korczak is a biography book. This book received the National Jewish Book Award Finalist. The book is intended for ages 6 through 10 years old and grade range from 1st through 5th.
The Children's Home [Dom Sierot] was a Jewish orphanage established by Janusz Korczak in Warsaw in 1912. It was located at 92 Krochmalna Street in a building designed by Korczak to facilitate the implementation of his progressive educational theories.
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Jean Lifton 痴, The King Of Children: the Life and Death of Janusz Korczak, New York: St. Martin 痴 Griff in, 1988. The f ull text of Lif ton 痴 biography is available on-line at
- in The Ghettos
- in The Killing Centers
- Non-Jewish Children
- in Concentration and Transit Camps
- in Occupied Poland and The Occupied Soviet Union
- Resistance and Rescue
- After The War
In the ghettos, Jewish children died from starvation, exposure, and a lack of adequate clothing and shelter. The German authorities were indifferent to this mass death. They considered most of the younger ghetto children to be unproductive and hence “useless eaters.” Because children were generally too young to be used for forced labor, German authorities generally selected them, the elderly, ill, and disabled, for the first deportations to killing centers, or as the first victims led to mass...
Camp authorities sent the majority of children directly to the gas chambers upon arrival at Auschwitz-Birkenau and other killing centers. SS and police forces in German-occupied Poland and the occupied Soviet Union shot thousands of children at the edge of mass graves.Sometimes the selection of children to fill the first transports to the killing centers or to provide the first victims of shooting operations resulted from the agonizing and controversial decisions of Jewish council (Judenrat)...
Non-Jewish children from certain targeted groups were not spared. Examples include Romani (Gypsy) children killed in Auschwitz; 5,000 to 7,000 children killed as victims of the Euthanasia Program; children murdered in reprisals, including most of the children of Lidice; and children in villages in the occupied Soviet Union who were killed with their parents.
The German authorities also incarcerated a number of children in concentration camps and transit camps. SS physicians and medical researchers used a number of children, including twins, in concentration camps for medical experiments that often resulted in the deaths of the children. Concentration camp authorities deployed adolescents, particularly Jewish adolescents, at forced labor in the concentration camps, where many died because of conditions.The German authorities held other children un...
In their \\"search to retrieve 'Aryan blood,'\\" SS race experts ordered hundreds of children in occupied Poland and the occupied Soviet Union to be kidnapped and transferred to the Reich. The children were to be adopted by racially suitable German families. Although the basis for these decisions was \\"race-scientific,\\" often blond hair, blue eyes, or fair skin was sufficient to merit the \\"opportunity\\" to be \\"Germanized.\\"\\"Race experts\\" also determined whether a child would have sufficient German b...
In spite of their acute vulnerability, some children discovered ways to survive. Children smuggled food and medicines into the ghettos, after smuggling personal possessions to trade for them out of the ghettos. Children in youth movements later participated in underground resistance activities. Many children escaped with parents or other relatives—and sometimes on their own—to family camps run by Jewish partisans.Kindertransport (Children's Transport) was the informal name of a rescue effort...
After the surrender of Nazi Germany, ending World War II, refugees and displaced persons searched throughout Europe for missing children. Thousands of orphaned children were in displaced persons camps. Many surviving Jewish children fled eastern Europe as part of the mass exodus (Brihah) to the western zones of occupied Germany, en route to the Yishuv (the Jewish settlement in Palestine). Through Youth Aliyah (Youth Immigration), thousands migrated to the Yishuv, and then to the state of Isra...
Janusz Korczak was a champion of children, dedicating his life for them and, in the end, comforting them at the death camp Treblinka. Because this is a book geared toward younger readers, it treats Dr. Korczak's final years with sensitivity.
- Early Life
- What Was Janusz Korczak’s Dom Sierot?
- Janusz Korczak’s Experience of The Warsaw Ghetto
- How Did Janusz Korczak Die?
As previously mentioned, Janusz Korczak was born in Poland, 1878 Henrky Goldszmit, later becoming known under his literary pseudonym Janusz Korczak. Korczak was born into an assimilated Jewish family, and when his father died in 1896, became the soul breadwinner for his family, which at that point included his mother, grandmother and sister. Growing up with such a care-giver role undoubtedly had an effect on Korczak’s caring and protective nature, that of which carried on to the end of his life. During 1898 Korczak first used his pen name for which he later became known as, Janusz Korczak, in a literary contest called the Ignacy Jan Paderewski. In the same year he enrolled in a medical degree at the University of Warsaw in Poland, where his family were from. After graduating, Korczak then began a career as a paediatrician in a hospital. A year into his profession as a paediatrician, Korczak then served in the Russo-Japanese war as a doctor for the military. He served in this role un...
In 1911, Korczak then founded Dom Sierot, an orphanage in Warsaw, Poland. The educator was the director of the orphanage up until his death, and enlisted the help of Stefania Wilczyńska, who had the title of Deputy Director and House Mother in the Dom Sierot Orphanage. During his work with the orphanage, Korczak helped the children to make their own newspaper (editing this before publication), which became part of the Nasz Przeglad, a popular Polish-Jewish newspaper at the time. This newspaper was called the Maly Przeglad (or “The Little Review”). Korczak was able to write more than twenty books focused primarily on children’s rights and their experience of life in an adult world. His most renowned texts are the following: How to Love the Child (1921), The Child’s Right to Respect (1929) and Rules for Living (1930).
When World War II broke out, Korczak showed interest in becoming a volunteer in the army of Poland, however was too old to enlist, and therefore stayed with his children at the orphanage. The number of children in Dom Sierot drastically increased during these early stages of the war, having an obligation to take in children who had lost their parents to the bombings. When the Warsaw Ghetto was established in 1940, Korczak’s orphanage was forced to move into it. Although being offered places of refuge outside of the ghetto, Korczak refused to leave his children, and begged daily for such living essentials as food, water and clothes for the orphans during these severe, inhumane conditions the Warsaw Ghetto had created. Despite his poor health conditions, Korczak put all his energy into bettering the lives of his children from within the Warsaw Ghetto. He was offered shelter many times, by such aid groups as Zegota (the underground Polish resistance group, dedicated to helping Jewish p...
At the start of August 1942, the Nazi German soldiers visited the Warsaw Ghetto to collect the children of Dom Sierot. They were to be taken to the extermination camp Treblinka. Despite, again, being offered shelter and refuge from this end multiple times, Korczak refused, claiming that he had to stay with his children, and that he could not abandon them in their time of need. During the start of August 1942, in the midst of phase two of the Final Solution, Korczak was taken along with the near 200 children of the orphanage to Treblinka death camp, with his co-director Stefania Wilczyńska and around 12 other members of the orphanage’s staff. It is here that they all met their deaths, in the gas chambers of Treblinka camp. Korczak wrote an apt note in his diary, later published as Ghetto Diary, reflecting on his life; it stated that “My life has been difficult but interesting. In my younger days I asked God for precisely that.” Korczak was a humanitarian, passionate about bettering t...
Jul 15, 2011 · The material shared with the younger children is, of course, different from that brought in for the older teens and adult actors. “But you can’t sugarcoat it. Theater is about life experience recreated,” Slaight noted. “Our goal is to launch new work that has serious and theatrically interesting roles for young children.
Korczak was born in Warsaw in 1878 or 1879 (sources vary) to Józef and Cecylia Goldszmit, While still in high school he began to tutor younger children. In 1896 he debuted on the literary scene with a satirical text on raising children, In 1898, he began to use Janusz Korczak as a pen name for his continued writings.